Статья 'Развитие пчеловодства в Республике Марий Эл' - журнал 'Сельское хозяйство' - NotaBene.ru
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Bee-keeping development in the Republic of Marij El

Lavrent'ev Boris Fedorovich

PhD in Technical Science

Professor, Volga State University of Technology

424000, Russia, Marii El, g. Ioshkar-Ola, pl. Lenina, 3

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Abstract: The main task of this project is the creation of a reliable, highly effective, affordable high performance system of bee venom collection in order to provide the Russian pharmaceutical industry with raw products for the purposes of import substitution. Another its goal is to develop methodological documents for the comprehensive study of the process of bee venom collection during the season of 2017. The research task of the project is to find out the dependency of the amount of the collected venom on the method of bees disturbing, season, time of day, weather conditions, modes of a bee venom collector, duration of collection, state of a bee colony and other factors. The research is performed using the instruments, which have been designed in Volga State University of Technology and received 8 patents of the Russian Federation.
Within the project, significant attention will be given to the improvement of the quality of bee venom and to its certification in order to organize the production of venom-based medicines at Yoshkar-Ola pharmaceutical plant. The research is based on the methods of observation, comparison and experimental research at bee yards of the Republic of Marij El. Biological researches are conducted in the field and in the laboratory. All the acquired results are subject to qualitative and quantitative analysis. It is planned to perform comprehensive research in order to define the vitality and productivity of bee colonies in terms of the method of bees disturbing, season, time of day, weather conditions, modes of a bee venom collector, duration of venom collection, state of a bee colony and other factors. A significant feature of the bee venom collector is the automatic program change mode depending on the parameters of the environment. This mode helps avoid bees’ adaptation to the disturbing factors and to raise the effectiveness of venom collection. The output buses of the device are protected from short-circuits in wire lines and venom receivers; it guarantees their reliability and improves their effectiveness. Using the system of bee venom collection, it is possible to cover the expenses for the development and production of devices and the expenditures of regional producers on venom collection, including the groups of venom collectors. The last-mentioned factor is very important, because it can reduce the price for honey by 35-40% and improve the competitive performance of bee-keeping on the global market. Besides, it could create the basis, which would provide the Russian pharmaceutical industry with raw materials for import substitution. 

Keywords: bee venom collection, beehive, venom receivers , Wire lines, venom collection system, Bee venom, bee-keeping, economical efficiency , Import substitution, Pharmaceutical industry
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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