Статья 'Исследования домонгольской вышивки из археологических раскопок 1966-1974 годов в городе Старая Русса Новгородской области' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Studies of pre-Mongolian embroidery based on archaeological excavations of 1966 – 1974 years in the city of Staraya Russa of Novgorod Region

Orfinskaya Ol'ga Vyacheslavovna

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Russian Scientific Research Institute for Cultural and Natural Heritage named after Dmitry Likhachev

129366, Russia, Moscow, Kosmonavtov Street 2, office #118

Chutkina Svetlana Sergeevna

Renovator, the department of Restoration of Fabrics, Novgorod State Open-Air Museum

173007, Russia, Novgorod Oblast, Veliky Novgorod, Kreml Street 11

Titova Liliya Arkad'evna

Renovator, the department of Restoration of Fabrics, Novgorod State Open-Air Museum

173007, Russia, Novgorod Oblast, Veliky Novgorod, Kreml Street 11




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Abstract: The subject of this research is the archeological textile material (XVII – XV centuries) discovered during the 1966 – 1974 archeological excavations in the city of Staraya Russa, which is divided into four compositions and stored in Novgorod open-air museum for over 30 years, and later, due to the unsatisfactory condition, has undergone restoration and exploration. The main goal of this research lies in determination of a number of the survived textile products, identification of the nature of fabrics, as well as the connection between the preserved artifacts – narrow golden ribbon and fragments of embroidery, which were earlier considered as part of the collar (necklace). It was established the most likely that origin of the golden ribbons is Mediterranean; the used fabrics has a distinct dense texture, and was brought from, perhaps, Byzantine Empire, as an expensive goods. All of the golden threads in the samples had identical characteristic (thin, with dense golden strip winding), which allowed suggesting that the ribbons alongside the finished embroidery “has come” from the same place.

Keywords: golden threads, golden embroidery, golden ribbons, silk fabric, museum textiles, archaeological textiles, Medieval times, Pre-Mongol Rus', embroidery machines, reconstruction of a costume
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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