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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Psychologist" > Rubric "Professional psychology"
Professional psychology
Rysev N. - The Strategies of the Interpersonal Influencing Behavior pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2016.4.20107

Abstract: The subject of the present research is the classification of negotiation and behavior strategies used in the process of conflict resolution. The author of the article analyzes R. E. Walton's and R. B. McKerise's classification of integrative bargaining and distributive bargaining, Kenneth Thomas' classification (competing, compromising, collaborating and avoiding), Dean Pruitt's dual concern model, the etiology of conflict cultures offered by Michele J. Gelfand, Lisa M. Leslie and Kirsten Keller, and the five levels of interaction attitudes described by E. V. Dotsenko. After a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the aforesaid concepts, the author of the article offers his own classification of the interpersonal influencing behaviour. According to the author, this classification is of great importance both theoretically and practically. The methods used by the author in his research include analysis of literature, synthesis of existing concepts and practical application of the classification. The scientific novelty is caused by the fact that the author offers his own classification of the interpersonal influencing behavior strategies: co-existing, collaborating, compromising, manipulating, competing, dominating, servicing, accommodating, shifting attention, and avoiding actions. The present classification is based on the two criteria, the attitude to the opponent and satisfaction of interests: 1. whether the opponent is treated as a subject or an object; 2. whether common interests are satisfied; both parties' interests are satisfied; only one party's interests are satisfied; only the opponent's interests are satisfied; none interests are satisfied. The interpersonal influencing behavior strategies can be widely applied in negotiations and conflict resolutions. 
Manukyan A.R., Shkhagapsoeva M.K. - Violent Extremism and Individual Radicalization Factors pp. 1-8

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2016.6.20852

Abstract: It is impossible to successfully fight extremism without understanding the causes and reasons of why it is originated. In its turn, in order to deliver preventive measures and qualify extremist acts it is necessary to understand the genesis and nature of violent extremism and determinants of violent extremism. The present article provides an anaylsis of individual radicalization factors. For this purpose the authors of the article consider definitions of violent extremism and radicalization, view various models of radicalization described in literature, and outline the main causes and conditions that influence the process of radicalization. By using the systems approach and the method of comparative analysis for analyzing relevant academic literature, methods of synthesis and logical generalization of obtained results, the authors clarify the definition of violent extremism, describe indicators of violent extremism and define a set of individual and contextual factors of radicalization risks. The results of the research can be used in the process of professional psychological preparation of law-enforcement officers which can contribute to a better understanding of the causes of violent extremism and, as a consequence, improvement of preventive measures. Conclusions made by the authors during their research can be taken into account when preparing programs of professional training of police officers as well as particular courses and lectures. 
Prokhorova M.V., Baranova A.A., Ponomareva L.N. - pp. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2018.4.27205

Abstract:
Pukhareva T.S. - Psychological Safety and its Role in the Professional Development of the Person pp. 9-19

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2016.2.19195

Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the psychological safety of the person in terms of professional development. This paper presents the analysis of the conceptual approaches to the problem of psychological safety of the person and theoretical analysis of the phenomenon of psychological safety of the person in terms of his/her professional development. Psychological safety is viewed as an integral psychological phenomenon which is experienced as the feeling of being protected against external and internal threats and guarantees the optimum performance of the person. Special attention is paid to the question about the role of psychological safety in the constructive professional development of the person. Theoretical and methodological basis of the research includes fundamental principles of personality psychology and developmental psychology, basic theoretical provisions of the activity approach to personal development, ideas about psychological relations of the person, conceptual approaches to the analysis of the phenomenon of psychological safety and ideas about the professional development of the person. The author's contribution to the topic is caused by the fact that on the basis of theoretical analysis she attempts to define the functions of psychological safety of the person as a determinant of constructive professional development and underlines the terms that define the state of psychological safety of the person in the professional sphere of his/her activity. It is noted that as the feeling of being protected against external threats, psychological safety provides behavior aimed at constructive solutions to life's challenges. It is stated that psychological safety of the person initiates his/her activity in the professional environment, is a prerequisite for professional self-realization, provides efficiency of personality and his/her self-organization in the labor, promotes the preservation of professional identity, is a personal resource that allows to save the optimal status of the individual in the labour, and provides a positive functioning of personality in the profession. At the end of the article the author concludes about the important role of psychological safety in the process of constructive professinal development as well as about multiple aspects of the problem of psychological safety and prospects for further research of psychological safety in scientific and practical studies of the psychology of professional development. 
Smolko S. - Psychological Characteristics of Managers as Factors of Successful Managerial Decisions in the Learning Situation pp. 21-39

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2017.6.22563

Abstract: In this research Smolko examines the features of the manifestation of such psychological characteristics of leaders as the styles of thinking (the questionnaire of S. Epstain), emotional intelligence (questionnaire of D.V. Lyusin), "psychological capital of the individual" (questionnaire of A. Bakker) and confidence in the correctness of decisions in the conditions of explicit and implicit learning in connection with the success of management decisions in the simulated situation of enterprise management. An empirical study was carried out on a sample of heads of structural subdivisions of the holding (N = 331), who passed the course of business education. The obtained data support the assumption that different stages of the learning situation (requiring explicit and / or implicit knowledge) actualize the various psychological characteristics of managers when making decisions. Given the limited time of decision-making, the multivariate methods for achieving success and the absence of available decision algorithms, the significant psychological characteristics for making better managerial decisions are the reliance on rationality and reliance on intuition involved at the same time, predictive ability and optimism. The end-to-end characteristics that determine successful solutions at different stages of the training business game are self-efficacy and vitality, components of emotional intelligence, the level of explicitly mastered knowledge and confidence in the correctness of the choice.
Vasileva I.I. - Safety Culture: To Manage…or Better Not? pp. 24-33

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2016.5.19883

Abstract: The article is an attempt to clarify the concepts of organizational psychology: organizational culture, safety culture, safety climate, overcoming the inherent illegibility of the humanities categories, and to reveal their functional significance. The multiplicity of simultaneously ongoing organization actions is accepted as the starting point in the argument. All kinds of actions are commonly grouped in three classes: formal, non-formal and informal. The simultaneous relevance of goals of different directions and a set of conflicts between them are considered as a closest consequence and as an important inherent feature of real production activity. The organizational management is logically determined by the need to resolve conflicts and get the nominal output. It is carried out by the chief executive officer. In each case of resolving conflict the leader sets the priorities between conflicting goals and puts thereby forward the sample for staff for solutions in similar conflict situations. Dozens of standard rules of conduct set by the leader form the organizational culture. The chief executive officer proved to be the main creator of organizational culture. The peculiarity of a particular culture is set by the stable structure of dominant objectives and corresponds to the concept of climate. Safety culture, thus, is determined as the sustaining of steady dominance of the ensuring safety objectives in all situations of conflict of simultaneously relevant objectives. It is a secondary result of chief’s style to conduct the affairs but not a business process. All attempts to neglect the real forming factors of organizational culture in management lead to the formation of quasi-functions, which cause organizational neurosis, one of the signs of which are “safety games”. All forms of organizational neurosis are destructive and preserve the preconditions of breakdowns and accidents. The examples of wrong safety problem solutions in Russian power industry are provided.
Yusupov P.R., Mardasova T.A. - Psychological Characteristics of Psychology Students' Professional Identity pp. 32-44

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2017.4.23631

Abstract: The article presents the results of the study of the professional identity of graduate students in psychology. Using the method of expert assessments and subsequent application of mathematical and statistical procedures, 'real self' and 'ideal self' images of professional identity of psychology students are revealed. Significant characteristics of the image of a professional psychologist are determined, which is correlated with the expectations and representations of students. The process of self-identification of students with the image of a psychologist (consultant and educational psychologist) as well as the specifics of the formation of the 'Self-concept' of a young specialist is considered. The purpose of the research is to identify the psychological characteristics of the professional identity of young psychologists who receive higher education. The subject of the research is the peculiarities of psychological characteristics of professional identity (based on the example of psychology students). The research methodology includes the concept of personal identity (by E. Erickson and J. Marcia); interpersonal concept of socialization (by T. Leary, J. Mead and G. Sullivan); theory of semantic differential (by C. Osgood); systems approach to the study of the professional 'self-concept' (by S. D. Janerian). The methods of research involved methods for collecting diagnostic information such as the method of interpersonal diagnostics developed by T. Leary, G. Leforge, R. Sazek, the method of the semantic differential by C. Osgood, and the method of expert assessments. Methods of mathematical and statistical analysis of the data included the method of expert assessments, Student's test, factor analysis, correlation analysis, and SPSS 22.0 software. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author choose methods for constructing the professional identity of psychology students, compare the image of an educaitonal psychologist with the expectations and representations of students, and use methods of mathematical and statistical data processing. The main conclusions of the study are the types of perception by students of the images of professional psychologists in the field of teaching and counseling. The image of the 'ideal counselor psychologist' combines the 'client-oriented' and 'problem-oriented' type of professional qualities of the psychologist, and the image of the 'ideal educational psychologist' as a collective image of the teacher's types, such as 'master' and 'graduate student'. In relation to the image of students 'perception of themselves, 'I am a counselor psychologist' image includes 'empathic' and 'congruent' types, and in relation to the image of students' perception of themselves, 'I am an educational psychologist' are 'rational' and 'emotional' types.
Sysoev V.V., Lavrov N.N. - pp. 32-37

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2018.4.27203

Abstract:
Korneeva Y.A., Tyulyubaeva T.O., Simonova N.N. - Regulatory Processes as a Personality Marker of Psychological Safety of Gas ad Oil Workers Under the Conditions of Shift Work in Arctic Regions pp. 38-47

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2018.2.24515

Abstract: The research has been supported by the grant of the President of the Russian Federation given to young Russian scientists and PhDs. The aim of the article is to analyze regulatory processes as a personality marker of psychological safety of gas and oil workers under the conditions of shift work in Arctic Regions. The authors state that analysis of personality markers of psychological safety of gas and oil workers under the conditions of shift work in Arctic Regions will allow to create efficient recommendations for psychological support of professionals. The theoretical model of psychological security developed by the authors includes five basic components: functional states at the psychophysiological and psychological levels; the image of the object, the image of the subejct, the image of the subject-subject and subject-object relations viewed from the point of view of the psychic structure of regulation. The research involved 70 specialists of gas and oil companies who go on shift work in Arctic Regions. The research methods used by the authors include analysis of documentation, observation over working process, questionnaire survey, psychophysiological and psychological tests, statistic methods of data analysis. To diagnose regulatory processes, the authors have used The Behavior Regulation Style Inventory offered by V. Morosanova. The results of the research demonstrate that in order to ensure psychological safety, gas and oil workers should have a moderately high level of planning and modelling skills and reduced level of independency as regulatory processes. The development of these regulatory processes will increase psychological safety of gas and oil workers under the conditions of shift work in Arctic Regions. 
Prokhorova M.V., Larina A.L., Yamusheva N.V. - Holistic Model of Civil Aviation Pilot Competence pp. 40-58

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2017.6.25133

Abstract: The purpose of the research is to develop a holistic competence model for civil aviation pilots. Before carrying out their research the authors have proposed several hyphotheses: civil aviation pilot competences may be classified depending on several grounds and united into the holistic competence model; employees and employers have different perception of what competences are the most important for pilots; and the hierarchical model of civil aviation pilot competences consists of several levels that have a different effect on professional efficiency. Data was collected using the method of document analysis. To process data, the authors have used a whole group of methods such as content analysis, 2х2 cross tables and Pearson nonparametric test χ2 adopted by Yates, cluster analysis (complete link method), and structure analysis. As a result of their research, the authors offer their own holistic competence model for civil aviation pilots. The model includes 16 competences that can be divided into the following groups of qualities: professional (including cognitive qualities such as knowledge of English and aircraft flight skills), functional qualities (organisation of flight operations, flight paperwork management, organisation and control of flight operating safety) and personal qualities (meta-qualities such as discipline, diligence, mobility, aptitude for learning, responsibility, mental health, commitment, ability to cope with stress, sense of purpose and social skills such as team building, leadership, and inerpersonal communication efficiency). Employees and employers have a different perception of what qualities are important. Pilots choose personal competences (diligence and sense of purpose) and knowledge of English as important qualities more frequently than aviation company managers. The authors also offer a four-level hierarchy of competences depending on their importance for employers and pilots. 
Smolko S. - The Study of Intuition and Rationality as Regulators of the Decision-Making Process Based on the Example of Middle Managers pp. 42-56

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2016.3.19544

Abstract: The article presents the results of studies on the relationship of regulators decision to the success of management activities. As regulators of the decision-making were considered: an intuitive and rational thinking styles and level emotional intelligence of group members. Measuring the success of administrative decisions was conducted with the help of the achieved business performance in a simulated situation of enterprise management. The study was conducted on a sample of middle managers (heads and deputy independent structural subdivisions of a large holding company) in the amount of 204 people. When comparing the groups with high, medium and low values of business performance (the total income of the company, revenue growth and net profit) identified differences in intuition, rationality and emotional intelligence indicators confirm suggested.
Kuznietsova T. - Motivation of Women Entrepreneurs in Russia pp. 48-54

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2018.2.26165

Abstract: In her research Kuznetsova discusses the development of female business in Russia. In particular, she discovers that the index of motivation for starting a business is significantly different for women than for men. Moreover, the main problems preventing women from developing their own business include gender stereotypes, fierce competition with men, fight against stereotypes in the society, high credit interest rate, and absence of business education, knowledge, skills and competences. To write this article, Kuznetsova has reviewed public speeches made by the representatives of international organisations, findings and discoveries of Russian researchers, and her own experience of working with women who conduct small and middle business. There is a support and promotion of women entrepreneurs in Russia. Women become more active and committed to achieving their financial goals. They learn lessons from their mistakes and seek for additional training necessary to run one's own business. In response to the arising need in business education, there are short-term programs that teach business and affordable by female owners of small and medium business.  
Matiukhin I.V. - Personality of a Psychologist in Terms of Performing Diagnostic Tasks pp. 56-75

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2015.5.15589

Abstract: The article is devoted to the theoretical review and the analysis of the identity of the psychologist in terms of space-estimated tasks. Need of the accounting of diagnostic data on the basis of the studied typical manifestations of signs and properties is emphasized. Integrated, differential and eclectic approaches in research of the identity of the expert are described and also specifics of system "the diagnostician — a task — efficiency" are revealed. The main diagnostic inquiries of educational, clinical and corporate spheres are listed. The size of efficiency of the solution of tasks as an applied point of intersection of multiple-valued communications between the personality and a task is designated. And also structural components of efficiency such as the accuracy, decision speed, power consumption applied the technician and techniques and katamnestichesky effect are described by analytical deductive methods. On the basis of inquiries the directions of further priority researches both compound personal characteristics of the psychologist, and dynamics of the personality as integrity are precisely defined. The main tendency of article is emphasis of applied character of the theoretical analysis of these and forthcoming empirical researches.Possibility of expansion of typical fixings of the diagnostic plan is presented.
Ferapontova M.V. - Life Satisfaction and Optimism Demonstrated by Professionals at Different Stages of Life pp. 61-70

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0425.2013.5.8796

Abstract: The author of the article studies the level of life satisfaction and optimism demonstrated by professionals at different stages of their life. Life satisfication is viewed as the most important internal factor defining his one's social activity, interpersonal relations and his own attitude to himself and his personality. The latter creates the grounds for other forms of satisfaction including one's satisfaction with marriage, health and work. The level of life satisfaction is greatly influenced by the optimismic life position. In this research optimism is viewed as the manifestation of the feeling of self-confience demonstrated in different situations and positive expectations of an individual. Noteworthy that the younger generation demonstrates a greater correlation between the level of satisfaction with labour and the level of satisfaction with their future life path and the older generation shows a greater correlation between the level of their satisfaction with labour and the level of satisfaction with their real life. 
Fedotova N.A., Boreiko A.D. - Stressors of Journalism: Research Results pp. 89-101

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2015.3.15284

Abstract: The subject of the research is the peculiarities of stressors and conditions of journlaism. The need to transfer information, emotional overloads, and ability to maintain superfluous, sometimes undesirable communication in the professional purposes, and irregular working hours, increase in responsibility for fast decision-making, and deficiency of time in the conditions of which the modern journalist works. Work in mass media leads to an emotional pressure which can negatively be reflected in a psychological state, the creative potential and level of professionalism of workers of mass media. In this research Beck Depression Inventory, Professional Life Stress Scale and the questionnaire reflecting specifics of a journalistic profession are used. Foreign and Russian researchers have the considerable theoretical and empirical material devoted to a journalism stressogennost as professions, in Belarus to studying of this problem field pay not enough attention.The main conclusions is that the conducted research allows to record a stressogennost of professional experiences and to designate the high level of intensity of a professional stress at journalists. However often they aren't ready to reflex and publicly to discuss professional stressor that it is possible to understand as an indicator of psychological trouble of representatives of this profession.
Kukuev E.A. - Ridigity of Subjects of Education pp. 96-125

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0425.2014.4.12796

Abstract: In article results of empirical research of subjects of the education conducted in March-April, 2014 are analyzed. Selection was made by teachers of schools, teachers of higher education institution, graduates of schools, college and higher education institution. As object of research the rigidnost of subjects of education acted. The associativity of concepts openness/closeness – a rigidnost is analyzed. The parallel between openness of the person and his relation to innovations is drawn. On the basis of the dispersive analysis conclusions about a ratio of a rigidnost of teachers and a rigidnost of the being trained are drawn; communication of a rigidnost of subjects of education and the accommodation district (city/village), steps of education (school-college-higher education institution) is investigated. The technique acted as diagnostic tools "A Tomsk questionnaire of a rigidnost of G.V.Zalevsky" (TORZ). This technique allows to draw a conclusion not only on a rigidnost of the person, but also to analyse its compound components. As a whole the analysis is carried out on 8 scales: 1 . Scale of the general rigidnost; 2 . Subscale of an actual rigidnost; 3 . Scale of a sensitive rigidnost; 4 . Scale of an adjusting rigidnost. 5 . Rigidnost scale as states. 6 . Scale of a premorbidny rigidnost. 7 . Reality scale. 8 . Lie scale. Empirical research of a rigidnost of subjects of education allows to draw the following conclusions:1 . On all components of a rigidnost (TORZ) significant distinctions are received. In particular, at teachers level of a rigidnost is higher on four components (from six): general rigidnost (000); actual rigidnost (000); sensitive rigidnost (010); rigidnost as state (000).2 . The Rigidnost of subjects of education isn't connected with the district of their accommodation (city/village).3 . The hypothesis that "the rigidnost of graduates of educational institutions isn't connected with a step of education (school-college-higher education institution)" received confirmation partially. That is, statistically significant distinctions between selections were shown on scales: sensitive rigidnost (043); premorbidny rigidnost (017). Thus, selection "school students" on all scales showed the lowest points on rigidnost components. That on the one hand it is possible to characterize positively: school students are most open for the changes happening in their life. On the other hand, raises a question of influence of post-secondary education on formation of the fixed forms of behavior.Thus it should be noted that this analysis is considered as primary. The received results have to be put in a formulation of the following hypotheses, so and research continuation. Declared system approach demands the analysis of a phenomenon of openness in system of the interconnected features of the person, as allows to come nearer, in particular, to disclosure "the nature and mechanisms of innovative behavior" that is especially important in an education system.
Chernetskaya E., . - Human Operators as a Responsible Actor in Ergatic Systems pp. 102-120

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0425.2013.8.10613

Abstract: The article presents the results of research of the contents and structures of conceptual models demonstrated by the nuclear plant operators.  On the basis of results of associative experiment features of the contents and the organization of ideas of functioning of nuclear power plant in conceptual models of operators depending on their professional success reveal. The role of conceptual model in ensuring efficiency of activity of operators of nuclear power plants is shown.The purpose of our research consisted in detection of features of the contents and structures of conceptual models at operators of nuclear power plants with different professional success. For studying of features of the contents and structures of conceptual models we used associative experiment. For an assessment of level of success of professional activity of operators level of their official compliance was used. The interrelation of features of the contents and structures of conceptual models at operators of nuclear power plants (further – the EXPERT) with different professional success is shown.1 . Structures of conceptual models at operators with high level of official compliance differ a bigger obogashchennost and informational content.2 . Process of naming of associations is the general for all operators and reflects a certain way of their organization in conceptual model, namely in the form of the "compact" components which are at different "distance" from the phrase incentive.3 . Operators with the high and average level of official compliance are distinguished by different contents (understanding) of some phrases incentives.4 . For all operators the contents practically all associations (96%) was connected with functioning the EXPERT and 4% emotional and estimated (connotive value) aspect of the relation of the surveyed operators to work.
Shantyr Y. - Actuality of Practical Psychology and the Job Profile Diagram of a Practical Psychologist pp. 116-138

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2015.4.15267

Abstract: Actuality of practical psychology is showing in this article in the conditions of intensification of life of man and growth of the crisis phenomena in modern society. Problems into that humanity runs today are the result of present spiritually psychical crisis. The level of evolution of human consciousness, as carrier of psychical processes, does not provide presently, adequate reaction of society and his individuals on existing now calls and does not result in the timely making of new world view on overcoming of the crisis phenomena. Evolution of psychical processes and on the whole psyches of man, along with undeniable achievements, accompanied and accompanied, unfortunately, by unit by the row of the negative phenomena: by wars, social calamities, ethnogeny catastrophes and other destructive events. Consequently, development of psyche, as totalities of psychical processes of man, requires, special in present terms, purposeful efforts of psychologists and unambiguous interpretation of their activity. The main task here consists in that in the conditions of growth of the crisis phenomena and permanent intensification of life of man qualitatively new progressive personality transformations in society took place quickly enough and mass, that will allow turning back the crisis phenomena and present orientation of modern humanity to self-destruction. In these terms psychology and her practical realization appear, by how hardly not only science to that looks are turned in search of answer for the pressing questions of today and determination of the practical operating under an exit from crisis situations. At the same time, profession of psychologist while yet far not simply perceived today in modern society, practical psychology did not declare about itself properly, and activity of practical psychologists did not become concrete and clear to the people. Key reason of it absence of the clearly set forth bases of professiogrammy of practical psychologist is, foremost, allowing to dissociate a psychological help from all other near on maintenance the parapsychology and astrologic types of activity. The algorithm of the job profile diagram of a practical psychologist, activity of that, unlike other professions, must be directing, is offered in the article and reasonable, foremost, on development of psychical processes of man with the purpose of forming of new personality capable in any terms it is adequate to work out the concrete problems. The table of contents of work of practical psychologist consists in realization of consultations and realization of gumanitarno-povedencheskogo psycho-analysis that consistently plugs in itself all three basic methodological directions of practical psychology: psychodynamic, cognitive behavioral and humanistic psychology. The article can be interesting to the wide circle of specialists in the field of psychological services: to the students, teachers, practical psychologists and by a civil servant of the system of education.
Matiukhin I.V. - Influence of Psychometric Adaptability Diagnostics on the Self-Determination Factor pp. 116-131

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2015.6.16061

Abstract: Developed self-concept should include acknowledge of personal resources through existing cognitive methods. At the moment the most developed psychological methods are psychometric methods in the form of questionnaires and tests. Results of such questionnaires and tests can be considered to be an important part of psychoeducation and self-determination of personality. Therefore, it seems appropriate to study the influence of the psychoeducation component on assessment of personality and self-determination through diagnosing a particular personal quality, describing the research results, retention of time and repeated diagnostics of the same quality. This allows to trace back the influence of the cognitive component on the diagnosed quality after diagnostics. In this research Matyukhin carries out diagnostics of adaptability. Severe disadaptation may cause pathological processes, failures in the academic or professional activity and antisocial behavior. The adaptation process is extremely dynamic. Successful adaptation depends on a number of objective and subjective conditions, functional status, social experience, attitude towards life, etc. People may have different attitudes to the same events and one stimulus may provoke different responses from different people. 
Borisova L.N. - The role and mechnism of reflection in psychological and pedagogical activity pp. 118-145

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8701.2015.2.14666

Abstract: The object of research in this article is professional psychological and pedagogical activity. The matter of study is professional pedagogue’s reflection in it. The author deeply analyzes Russian scholars’ views and ideas of the structure of psychological and pedagogical activity and suggests reflection as one of its key components. Particular attention is paid to contents of pedagogue’s reflection, its mechanism and role in forming psychological and pedagogical skills.The method of research in this article is analysis of existing approaches and interpretations of the structure pedagogue’s activity and the contents of his reflection.The mail author’s conclusions come down to the idea that within any interpretation of the structure of pedagogue’s activity it cannot be effective without reflecting pedagogical process and his own experience in his consciousness, which is one of conditions of his professional and personal development. The novelty of this article is determined by its viewing professional reflection through the prism of variety of views and ideas of the structure of pedagogue’s activity and his professional and personal growth.
Belaya E.A. - Development of the Group Cohesion of a Military Team (the Case Study of the Subdivision of the Silent Drill Team) pp. 127-141

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0425.2014.6.13281

Abstract: In article features of group unity of military collective on the example of division of a company of a guard of honor are analyzed. Definition of group unity is given, factors which influence group unity of military collective are described (uneven-age groups, life experience, character, habits of the recruit, etc.). The problems existing now before the Russian army and influencing experience by the soldier of group unity are noted (insufficient prestige of military service, bad material providing part, low motivation of recruits, the non-statutory relations in parts, bad conditions of service, insufficiency of preparation of personnel structure, etc.) . In article efficiency of the author's program for formation of group unity of military collective is analyzed. Diagnostic methods of research of group unity by means of sociometry methods – drawing up a sotsiomatritsa and methods of experimental influence - approbation of the author's program are used, the comparative analysis of entrance and total diagnostics is carried out. On the basis of the conducted research the conclusion that the developed program for psychological education of the military personnel allows to reduce aggression manifestation level, to increase the level of communicative abilities is drawn and teaches a choice of the most optimum strategy of behavior in a conflict situation. It is noted that for receiving the most effective results it is necessary to organize and carry out work not only with the military personnel who arrived on service but also with staff of part: officers and commanders; to organize collaboration with adjacent services – deputy commanders on educational work.
Khanova Z.G. - Psychological Determinants of Personal Deformations of Entrepreneurs with Different Success Rate pp. 183-205
Abstract: The author of the article provides a psychological description of personal deformations of entrepreneurs. The author describes professional personal deformations which can be included in the presonal deformation of an entrepreneur. The author also considers the main forms of professional deformations that affect the key parameters of a specialist's activity and compares mental features of entrepreneurs of different success rate. The author also describes various psychological barriers on the path to entrepreneurial activity and development of entrepreneurship in general. The author considers psychological factors causing professional deformations among Russian entrepreneurs.
Medvedeva T.N. - Problems with career self-determination of modern high school students pp. 183-195

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0425.2013.1.392

Abstract: This article considers the characteristics of career self-determination by modern high school with various academic interests. It shows that preferences for people-centred occupations are common in high school students with a focus on psychology, medicine and mathematics; preferences for technology-centred professions are common in students with a focus on medicine, biology and chemistry; professions dealing with letters and numbers are of interest to students with a focus on mathematics, psychology, and chemistry; and creative professions are preferred by students with a focus on mathematics, chemistry and literature. It was noted that when choosing a profession, today's high school students tend to consider its potential for socializing and freedom, and their desire to make a career from it in the future. It is also shown that 100% of surveyed high school students want to undertake higher education, but their knowledge of particular jobs is insufficient and thus many of them have difficulty in choosing a career path.
Artemeva O.A., . - Theoretical Basis for Studying the Relation Between Applied and Practical Psychology pp. 249-270

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0425.2013.3.599

Abstract: The authors of the article define the problem of the relation between fundamental, applied and practical branches of psychology. Based on the analysis of V.A. Koltsova, T.D. Martsinkovskaya, O.G. Noskova, T. Leahy, R. Smith and other Russian and foreign historians, the authors provide the overview of the history of formation and development of applied and practical trends in psychology, especially pedology and psychotechnics. For the analysis of the historical-scientific and methodological patterns, the authors use the dynamic model of the relationship between theoretical psychology and social practice through the development of applied psychology developed by L.S. Vygotsky. More recent periods of relations between Russian fundamental psychology and psychological practice are viewed based on the conceptual grounds offered by A.L. Zhuravlev, D.V. Ushakov, A.G. Liders and I.N. Karitsky. The opportunities to distinguish applied and practical branches of psychology in the practical activity of psychologists are revealed so is the concept of role-playing ring proposed by Y.M. Zhukov. As a result, the structure of the relationship between subject and object of psychological activity is determined as an important base of classification of these branches. Historical analysis of the development of practical and applied branches of psychology in the first half of the XX century allows us to formulate a hypothesis about the singleness of the basic patterns of their development.
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