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Psychologist
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Psychologist" > Contents of Issue є 05/2022
Contents of Issue є 05/2022
Inner world
Rostovtseva M.V., Goncharova T.M., Gudovskii I.V., Khokhrina Z.V., Trofimova V.V. - Psychological Program to Increase the Level of Emotional Intelligence of Children's Coaches of Sports Associations pp. 1-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2022.5.38769

EDN: IBRAYA

Abstract: The subject of the study is a psychological program aimed to increase the level of emotional intelligence in children's coaches of sports associations. To date, the problem of emotional intelligence is expressed in contradiction, where, on the one hand, a child needs the necessary emotional support during training and competitions, on the other hand, there are insufficient funds in the scientific literature to improve it. The purpose of the work is to develop a program to increase the level of emotional intelligence among children's coaches of sports sections. The study was conducted with 21 trainers of children's sports sections on the basis of the youth "Technical Design Center" in the city of Krasnoyarsk. A program was developed to increase emotional intelligence among children's coaches of sports sections. It was built in accordance with a certain logic of working with emotions, which includes awareness of one's own and others' emotions in various situations, mastering the ability to manage one's own and others' emotions and mastering the ability to manage one's behavior in non-standard situations. The program, tested on a group of trainers, helped to increase their emotional intelligence. The results of this study can find practical application in various fields of psychological practice: psychological education, counseling, etc. They can be used in the development of professional training programs, retraining and advanced training of teachers Ц trainers.
To understand the human being
Rostovtseva M.V., Goncharevich N.A., Shestakov V.N., Savel'eva T.G., Barkanova O.V. - Success in the Career of Spouses in Patriarchal and Egalitarian Families pp. 18-35

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2022.5.38774

EDN: JTDIPL

Abstract: The subject of the study is the ratio of indicators of success in career and interpersonal relationships of spouses in patriarchal and egalitarian families. The purpose of the study was to determine the direction and nature of changes in marital relations in situations of career growth of one of the spouses. To conduct the study, we used: the questionnaire "Communication in the family" (Yu.E. Alyoshina, L.Ya. Gozman, E.M. Dubovskaya), the methodology "Role expectations and claims in marriage" (A.N. Volkova), the methodology "Distribution of roles in the family" (Yu.E. Alyoshina, L.Ya. Gozman, E.M. Dubovskaya), a test questionnaire of satisfaction with marriage (V.V. Stolin, G.P. Butenko, T.L. Romanova, Faculty of Psychology, Moscow State University), the method "Life Line" Golovakha E.I., Kronik A.A., adapted for the purposes of the study - measuring attitudes to career growth, methods of qualitative and quantitative data processing were also used. The sample of the study is represented by a group of men and women aged 35 to 40 years, in the number of 12 people who have been married for 10-15 years. † Based on the conducted research, it can be concluded that traditional patriarchal families are not characterized by high social activity, focus on career development of both spouses, a high level of trusting communication and mutual understanding. As a result of the correlation analysis, it was found that there are a large number of correlations between various spheres of family relations, satisfaction with marriage and career success. Thus, the data obtained will increase the level of consistency of family values and the role adequacy of spouses, which will reduce the number of conflicts arising in the family and will contribute to the harmonization of family relations and thereby increase the level of satisfaction with marriage by spouses.
Dulinets T.G., Nakonechnaya E.V., Suvorova N.V., Shepeleva Y.S., Tyukanov V.L. - Increasing the motivation of high school students through multimedia technologies pp. 36-54

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2022.5.38942

EDN: KAZSUN

Abstract: The subject of this study is the influence of multimedia on the development of motivation for learning among schoolchildren. A study was conducted on the basis of MBOU Lyceum No. 8 in Krasnoyarsk among students of two ninth grades. In the course of the study, the following methods were used: studying the motivation of M.I. Lukyanova's teaching; determining the level of motivation of N.G. Luskanova's teaching, interviewing teachers and students. Prior to the experiment, the level of motivation among the students of the control and experimental groups was measured, which corresponded to the level of "low" and "medium" for 46 and 52% of respondents, respectively. After the experiment, when more than 100 chemistry and biology lessons were conducted for two quarters, the level of motivation in the experimental group increased according to the indicators "high" and "very high" according to the results of two methods. thus, after conducting an experiment with the use of multimedia technologies in the classroom in the experimental group, there is a decrease in the number of students with low and very low levels of educational motives. The main conclusions of this study are related to the fact that as a result of the study, it was proved that the level of motivation for learning among schoolchildren increases when using multimedia technologies in the classroom, such as multimedia presentations, audio and video clips, electronic textbooks, interactive whiteboards and online testing. The study revealed an increase in academic performance in the experimental group. Academic performance in this group has increased due to an increase in the level of motivation for learning among schoolchildren. According to the results of the study, it can be concluded that the use of multimedia technologies contributes to an increase in the level of motivation for learning and, therefore, directly affects the academic performance of students.
Personal motivation and spirituality
Rostovtseva M.V., Smirnaya A.A., Novopashina L.A., Smirnova A.V., Ivanov I.A. - Development of a Program for Regulating the Psychological States of Karate Athletes aged 8-14 Years in the pre-competition Period of Preparation. pp. 55-73

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2022.5.38786

EDN: JKBCYL

Abstract: The subject of the work is the development and implementation of a program for the regulation of negative psychological states of karate athletes from 8 to 14 years old. The purpose of this study is to develop an effective program aimed at correcting the negative psychological states of karate athletes from 8 to 14 years old during preparation for competitive activities. In our work, we analyze the methods of psychological regulation of karate athletes from 8 to 14 years old during the preparation for competitive activity. In the teaching of the karate section, there are a number of problems associated with a decrease in the cognitive activity of students, with a decrease in the level of health culture, which is due to a number of factors: improper nutrition of athletes, bad habits (alcohol, smoking), a small amount of sports in life (the development of physical inactivity), workload in training, etc. These factors force teachers to look for new ways in teaching and educating students. In this work, the psychological states of karate athletes from 8 to 14 years old for competitions were studied. We have developed a program for regulating the psychological states of karate athletes from 8 to 14 years of age in the pre-competition period of training by organizing work with model situations in which athletes can detect psychological difficulties associated with motivation to achieve success, anxiety and stress, as well as together with the coach to find ways to resolve them, during which there will be an increase in motivation to achieve success and stress resistance and reducing the level of anxiety. In the course of the study, after testing the program, changes in the level of anxiety (its decrease) and motivation (its increase) occurred in 83.3% of respondents.
Transpersonal psychology
Kukharenko S.V. - Lucid Dreaming Experience in the Context of Meditation Experience pp. 74-81

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2022.5.38945

EDN: IPKKZE

Abstract: The subject of this study is to identify the connection between the experience obtained in lucid dreams and the experience of meditation. The object of the study is the experience that accompanies the state of awareness (Pali-sati). In the article, the author presents the results of a study aimed at establishing the connection between the experience obtained in lucid dreams and the experience of meditation. The works of the lucid dream researchers Stephen LaBerge, Jayne Gackenbach, Ursula Voss, Robert Waggoner, Tadas Stumbrys and others, as well as the work of researchers of the state of awareness - Bhikkhu Analayo, Henepola Gunaratana, Alan Wallace and others served as the theoretical and methodological basis of the study. The following research methods were used: the theoretical analysis of scientific literature, the analysis and generalization of empirical data, the formulation of conclusions. The theoretical significance and scientific novelty of the study lies in the systematization of theoretical provisions on the problem of the study of lucid dreams; discovering the features of the relationship of experience gained in lucid dreams with the experience obtained during meditation. The practical significance of the study lies in the fact that the results and conclusions of the study can be used by psychologists in their professional activities, as well as by lucid dreaming practitioners. The main conclusions of scientific research is the discovery of the similarity of experiences during lucid dreams with the experience gained in the state of meditation. The results of the survey conducted by the author show that a significant part of respondents who practice lucid dreaming also practice mindfulness meditation.
Psychology and pedagogics
Shutenko E.N., Shutenko A.I., Vorotyntseva D.A. - The specifics of building a psychological space for the use of information technologies as tools for activating the personal potential of university students pp. 82-96

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2022.5.38817

EDN: IJXBDN

Abstract: The study is aimed at the development of the psychological-pedagogical construct of implementation the information technologies in higher education. The aim of the study is to determine the psychological conditions and logic of information technologies deployment to develop the personal potential of students. The authors use the methods of systematization and generalization, the method of conceptual-structural reconstruction, modeling and design, psychological testing and comparative analysis. As a result, presented the personal-oriented construction of ICT realization into the university training. It combines the principles of using ICT, the structure of educational communications and specific stimuli of ICT that activating the personal potential of students. The principles proposed in the construction serve as a psychological-pedagogical filter for the introduction of ICT (targeting, accessibility, redundancy, diversity, integrativity, sensitivity, synergy, refreshment, systematicity, scientific orientation, etc.). Compliance with these principles allows building on the basis of ICT a developed and psychologically correct system of educational communications, including such components as: didactic, information-gnostic, interactive, attractive-motivating, participating and other components. In the presented construction, the authors also offer a set of ICT stimuli that activate the personal potential of students: representative, exposing, adaptive, contact, search-heuristic, imprinting, control-evaluative, structuring, reflective, modeling, suggestive, translimitative, temporal, personalizing, inclusive, etc. Approbation this construction in the online learning showed the promise of its application in practice. The results of diagnostics using the self-actualization method (version of the POI test by E. Shostrom) showed that students have an increase in such indicators of personal potential as: self-support, self-regard and self-acceptance, as well as spontaneity, flexibility and productive relationship. The results obtained can be applied in the field of building student-centered digitalization practices of university education, the novelty of which lies in the indirect introduction of information technologies through the development of a variety of educational communications aimed at activating students' personal resources and capacities.
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