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Correlation between the victim personality type and specificity of the impact of bullying

Korolev Andrei Aleksandrovich

PhD in Psychology

Acting Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Altai State Medical University" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

656000, Russia, Altaiskii krai, g. Barnaul, ul. Lenina, 40, kab. 338

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Abstract: From the psychological-social perspective, the problem of bullying is relevant and significant. The article provides the opinions of different authors on the problem of bullying, its types, and peculiarities of manifestation. Special attention is given to the attitudes of the parties to bullying - aggressor and victim – viewed in their close interrelation . Special emphasis is placed on position of a victim. Based on victimological approach, a hypothesis is put forward on the significance of the victim personality in a situation of bullying, depending on personality type, susceptibility or resistance  of an individual to the effects of bullying. The object of this research is the impact of bullying factors upon victim personality. The subject the correlation between victim personality type and specificity of the impact of bullying. The research employs MMPI typological survey, as well as based on the classification of the impact of bullying forms a questionnaire that includes most relevant for the respondents bullying factors. The use of correlation analysis allowed establishing both positive and negative correlations between the personality type and specificity of the impact of bullying (bullying factor). Such research indicate the specific susceptibility/resistance to certain manifestations of bullying, characteristic to a number of personality types (hysteroid, excitable, epileptoid, psychasthenic, schizoid). The acquired results contribute to the organization of targeted psychological that would help a person to overcome difficulties in a situation of bullying.

Keywords: bullying factors, psychology of traits, adolescence, bullying and personality, personality typology, cyberbullying, mobbing, bullying, resistance to bullying, sensitivity to bullying
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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