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Peculiarities of Attention that Influence Successful Acquisition of Sign Language Skills by Hearing Adults
Yasin Miroslav Ivanovich

PhD in Sociology

associate professor of the Psychological Department at Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

117997, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Moscow, per. Stremyannyi, 36, of. kafedra Psikhologii

Другие публикации этого автора

Vinogradova Valeriya L'vovna

Master of Science at School of Psychology at University of East Anglia

NR1–NR16, Velikobritaniya, g. Norwich, ul. Norwich Research Park, NR4 7TJ, of. NR4 7TJ



Learning new languages actively leverages cognitive skills. This is a two-way process since learning affects cognitive functions and learning success depends on cognitive abilities and skills. The sign language of the deaf is a special language, as it unfolds in visual and kinesthetic modalities that are unusual for hearing people. The aim of the work was to study the features of attention, which play a key role in the successful acquisition of sign language by adults with normal hearing. The identified factors can play a predictive role in determining the ability to learn sign language. To achieve the goal, the authors set up an experiment in which volunteers studied sign language. The authors also made three series of measurements, before, during and after training. With the help of a number of techniques, the following components were fixed: unidirectional attention, differentiated attention and attention in terms of interference. The experiment was supplemented by comparative data of the deaf and hearing subjects on the parameter of attention. The study showed that the difference between unidirectional and differentiated attention in a group of deaf respondents is less than in a group of hearing respondents. The gap between unidirectional and differentiated attention is rapidly narrowing in the course of language learning. Initially, it is less for students with good sign language abilities. For mastering the sign language, the key factor is the speed of differentiated attention which can serve as a good prognostic factor. 

Keywords: psycholinguistics, experimental psychology, divided attention, sustained attention, attention, cognitive process, sign language translators, deaf, reaction rate, comparative cognitive science



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