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SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Reference:

Right to religious feelings: legal aspects of protection of believers

Borisova Alena Sergeevna

Student, department of Constitutional and Municipal Law, Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, Moscow, Leninskiye Gory Street 1

danilenko_d@mail.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/1339-3057.2015.2.15594

Review date:

16-06-2015


Publish date:

09-07-2015


Abstract: The subject of this research is the competitive analysis of the approaches of the European Court of Human Rights, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), and Venice Commission towards the notion of “religious feelings” and the necessary level of its protection by the government. A special attention is given to the essence of the concept of religious feelings and whether or not it is possible to give a legal definition to this notion, which is the reason for an assessment of the comparability between Article 148 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation on insulting the religious feelings of believers, with the European standards in the area od requirements for legal certainty. The main conclusion is that it is impossible to set a normative definition for “religious feelings”. The author justifies the need for a clear delineation of incitement of hate and intolerance by difference of religion, and insulting the feelings of believers, including blasphemy and sacrilege, as well as the reasonableness of decriminalization of “insult of religious feelings of believers”.


Keywords: criminal responsibility, Venice Commission, European Court, insult of religious feelings, blasphemy, freedom of speech, freedom of conscience, religion, decriminalization, legal certainty
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