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Microlevel state of social mechanism of the formation of civil society in Altai Krai
Surtaeva Ol'ga

Senior Educator, the department of Psychology of Communications and Psychotechnologies, Altai State University

656049, Russia, Altaiskii krai, g. Barnaul, ul. Lenina, 61

bubuka_s@mail.ru

Abstract.

This article provides the theoretical model of social mechanism of the formation of civil society. Macrolevel (institutional) is presented by the institutional structure of society, which includes three basic elements: formal-legal and administrative norms that are established and controlled by the government; sociocultural norms controlled by the civil society; and institutionalized social practices in the area of the formation of civil society. Mesolevel (socio-collective) is viewed from the perspective of the activity of legislative authorities in the area of the formation of civil society that is limited by the formal-legal framework, as well as the activity of nonprofit and other organizations that are directly or indirectly engaged into the process of formation and development of civil society. Microlevel (individual-personal) is described through the activity of the employees of nonprofit organizations and manifestation of social activeness of regional population. The analysis of the state of microlevel of social mechanism of the formation of civil society in Altai Krai was conducted using the method of questionnaire-based survey. The author assesses the state of civil society from the standpoint of the population of Altai Krai, analyzes the population’s attitude towards the work of the organizations of nonprofit sector, examines social activeness of the population of Altai Krai. The conclusion is made that the microlevel of social mechanism of the formation of civil society in Altai Krai is characterized by the contradictory tendencies: low information awareness of the population on the essence of civil society and activity of nonprofit organizations; low level of population’s engagement in activity of the third sector and paternalistic attitudes with regards to the government; but at the same time, fairly high potential of social activeness and tendency towards approving the socially active people.

Keywords: meso level, macro level, social activity, Altai region, social mechanism, non-commercial organizations, civil society, micro level, social practices, third sector

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7144.2018.11.27994

Article was received:

12-11-2018


Review date:

12-11-2018


Publish date:

14-11-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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