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Masculinity and femininity in modern society: state and transformation trends
Churkina Nataliya Anatol'evna

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Sociology, Political Science and Psychology, Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Informatics

630102, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. B.bogatkova, 51, of. 462

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The subject of this research is the masculinity and femininity as the elements of gender mentality structure of a human. The author determines that the acquisition of masculinity and femininity is a result of socialization process, in terms of which a person grasps the values, stereotypes and etalons ascribed to the male and female. It is also underlined that the establishment of masculinity and femininity is certainly affected by the gender archetypes that reflect the profound universalities of human gender. Within the framework of the claimed problem, is revealed that in patriarchal society the gender mentality forms r to the principle of binarity, while the masculinity and femininity are opposite and labeled axiologically. Methodological foundation contains the synthesis of existential and gender approaches towards characteristic of the human gender. Such synthetic analysis allows revealing the naturally substantiated, as well as sociocultural grounds of the gender and overcome the extremes of the aforementioned approaches. The scientific category that unites the indicated research areas is the gender mentality of a human. The conducted analysis of gender mentality determines the content of masculinity and femininity, as well as denotes the transformation trends of the gender mental structures in modern society. The main conclusion lies in the statement on the inversions of structural content of gender mentality in modern society. The process of women’s masculinization is an evident feature of modern gender relations: females adopt the male behavioral strategies and effectively implement them; while the males somewhat lose the traditional to them behavioral patterns.

Keywords: gender roles, gender socialization, gender mentality, sex, gender, femininity, masculinity, gender stereotypes, archetypes, androgyny



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This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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