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On the Problem of Research Methodology of Culture as a Socio-Anthropological System
Sitnikova Aleksandra Aleksandrovna

PhD in Philosophy

associate professor of the Department of Cultural Studies at Siberian Federal University

660041, Russia, Krasnoyarsk, str. Prospect Svobodny 79, of. 452

sitnikova_aa@inbox.ru
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Abstract.

The research subject of this article is the methodological approaches to the analysis of culture as a socio-anthropological system. Thus, culture is the subject of the complex social cognition. This study presents an analysis of the methodology of cultural studies at the present stage of science advancement: the author of the article examines the current classification of cultural research methods, offers her own classification depending on the role and importance of practical cultural research in obtaining knowledge about culture and defines the place of the study of cultural concepts in the offered system of methods. In her research Sitnikova focuses on establisign the scientific rationale for the synthetic methodology in cultural research from the point of view of the socio-anthropological perspective.The main research method used by the author is the analytical and critical review of existing approaches, concepts and methodologies. Sitnikova offers her classification of methodological approaches and substantiates the most effective methodological strategies. The main conclusions of the study: 1) Theoretical methods are aimed at the development of the categorical apparatus of cultural studies. Theoretical methods are designed to build cultural studies as a science in the image of a logical system of natural sciences. 2) Applied methods are devoted to the study of certain cultural phenomena selected by a researcher. Applied methods of cultural studies are used when the problem can be solved by the methods of related humanities. Applied methods of cultural research include field expedition, opinion surveys, psychological experiments, philosophical and art historical analysis, philological text analysis, modeling of transformative cultural practices. 3) Synthetic methods for studying culture as a socio-anthropological system imply a specific structure of cultural researсh where applied research is necessarily accompanied by theoretical knowledge. The main feature of the synthetic methods of cultural research is to study culture for the purpose of learning culture of our time. Synthetic methods of cultural research include functional analysis of culture, structural analysis of culture, hermeneutics and linguoculturological analysis.

Keywords: social cognition, sociology of culture, methodology, theoretical methods, application techniques, synthetic methods, social system, social anthropology, linguistic methods, anthropological system

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7144.2015.1.14237

Article was received:

17-01-2015


Review date:

18-01-2015


Publish date:

22-01-2015


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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