Modern Education - rubric The communication process
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The communication process
Kiryanov D.A. - Formation of Requirements for University Website Interfaces Based on Accessibility and Usability Standards pp. 44-59



Abstract: The research subject is the methods of building the user interface of university websites based on the intended purpose, the needs of the audience, and user limitations, including sensory-motor and cognitive-psychological limitations. As a starting point for studying the target audience and compliance with accessibility standards, eight university websites are analyzed based on open-source data. The main violations that prevent users from using a university's website to varying degrees are considered, as well as the most well-known and often-used approaches to interface design and design that make interfaces more convenient without overloading the user's short-term memory and causing premature fatigue. As a result of the research, the basic requirements for designing the interface of the university's website are formed. According to the main conclusion of this study, to adapt the University's website to the limitations of users' capabilities, it is necessary to follow the main standards of usability and accessibility considered, such as GOST R 52872-2019, WCAG 2.1 and GOST R ISO 9241-20-2014, and also take into account the peculiarities of legislation that affect the formation of sections of the site and its accessibility for people with disabilities. It is necessary to adhere to such principles of interface organization and information presentation as Hick's Law, Gestalt Principles, Miller's Law, Jacob's Law, and Heuristics. The author's special contribution to the topic is the analysis of the verification of eight sites of Russian universities for compliance with accessibility standards. This analysis showed that even the visually impaired versions of the sites reviewed do not meet accessibility standards, which makes it difficult for people with disabilities to access information and emphasizes the importance of the study. The novelty of the research lies in the formation of the basic requirements for the user interface of university websites. The study's results can be further used in constructing such information systems.
Ratiner T.G. - Information and Psychological Security of Schoolers On the Internet pp. 73-96


Abstract: The article is devoted to the problem of information and psychological security of schoolers on the Internet. The author of the article analyzes the general condition of information and psychological security in Russia and provides the facts arguing 'for' using the Internet in the educational enviromment of a modern school. The author underlines that the modern academic process often involves an active search for information by schoolers on the Internet. At the same time, the author describes psychological 'threats' which can arise if schoolers use the Internet without their parents' control.  Methodological grounds of the present research include the theories of information and psychological security that were developed by Russian scientists in the XX century. Those theories were initially applied to the psychology of propaganda, advertising and political psychology. The author defines the cognitive, behavioral and emotional factors of personal psychological security. In this particular article, the author analyzes the cognitive factor. The author makes an assumption that schooler's cognitive abilities are closely connected with his information and psychological security on the Internet. The author also touches upon the role of the Internet in the educational process at school as well as possible threats of the World Wide Web and analyzes existing recommendations on safety on the Internet for parents and schoolers from the point of view of the cognitive factor. 
Yasin M.I. - The attitude of the deaf and hearing-impaired people towards inclusive education pp. 94-100


Abstract: This article examined the problem of inclusive education from the perspective of sociology of education.  An attempt to implement the inclusive education is considered a zone of social controversy. The transformation of specialized educational facilities into the inclusive is rather rapid and does not take into account that the educational facilities are not ready to provide a quality learning process. Especially there are multiple flaws in providing education for the deaf and hearing-impaired students. The subject of this work is the opinion of the deaf and hearing-impaired students, pedagogues and sign language interpreters working in educational facilities for the deaf, with regards to the modern status and prospects of the inclusive education. Among the positive features of inclusions the respondents consider the increase of social adaptation of the deaf and hearing-impaired, as well as the tolerance of society towards people with disabilities. However, the prospects of acquiring a quality education are assessed as negative if compared with specialized education. The majority of the respondents voted for the ability to make choice between the two educational systems. The opinions of the targeted audience adequately reflect the discourse among pedagogues: the schools are not ready for the inclusion; and currently such technique is rather inclined towards socialization, which in many ways contradicts the quality of education.
Semilet T.A. - УA First Look at Communication TheoryФ by Em Griffin: methodology of the formation of competencies pp. 97-102


Abstract: The subject of this article is the book “A First Look at Communication Theory” by Em Griffin, which is claimed as a scientific overviews and systematization of the communication theories, and aimed at «helping to see the order in the field of communication theory which may seem chaotic». The conducted expertise, however, demonstrated that in the course of rendition the goal of scientific systematization of the theories, according with the suggested by the author foundations, moves to the background, and the main attention becomes focused on the practical recommendations pertaining to the formation of communicative competencies of the students. Familiarization with the text showed that the author supports the pragmatic approach in rendering the material, which signifies not the description of a theory or comprehensive overview, but rather applicability of one or another theory for the formation of communicative competencies among students. The book gains great importance as the theoretically substantiated methodological guidebook on teaching the ways of structuring the efficient communication and attainment of the corresponding skills.
Gusev D.A. - To the Question of Rhetorical Culture of a Higher School Teacher pp. 141-176


Abstract: The article is dedicated to one of the topical issues of rhetorical culture of the teacher. The degree of efficiency of educational process is largely related to the level of rhetorical culture, or the culture of public speaking in teaching. One of the main reasons for the lack of motivation of students, their disinterest and neglect, poor performance training, ill-digested knowledge, underdeveloped skills, etc. is not a high level of the culture of teacher's public speaking, which prevents him from properly building and properly applying the learning material, making it clear and intelligible, lively and interesting, meaningful and useful for students. Frequently a complex and confusing way of teaching, his inconsistency and confusion, together with the dryness and dullness is a direct consequence of the lack of adequate level of rhetorical culture of the teacher. As a result, the training becomes ineffective, difficult and thankless process both for students and for teachers. This article defines the concept of rhetorical culture, discusses its criteria, most of which are in compliance with the professional activity of the teacher of the basic public speaking law - harmonizing dialogue; and the basic principles of its implementation, including the portrait of the audience, the principle of proximity of the proposed material, the principles of specificity, clarity, correctness of the public speaking, his speech richness and expressiveness, principles of the motion, emotion, pleasure, and the main parameters of the effective techniques of speech. Due to the relevance raised in the paper it can be interesting and useful to teachers of higher and secondary educational institutions both in theoretical and in practical aspects.
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