Modern Education - rubric Educational psychology
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Educational psychology
Labunskaya V.A., Bzezyan A.A. - Appearance in educational environment: evaluation, self-evaluation, functional importance pp. 8-18


Abstract: This article provides a theoretical analysis of the studies on the impact of student’s appearance upon his academic performance, and the impact of educator’s appearance upon the students’ academic success. A theoretical conclusion is made on the appearance as a “social capital” of the students and educators. It is noted that the conclusions about the influence of appearance on educational environment were formulated by the western scholars. Therefore, the authors examins the indicated problem with regards to the Russian students, including evaluation of the educator’s appearance, role of the subjective assessment of students’ economic status in determining the functional importance of appearance in educational environment. The authors apply a number of the original questionnaires and surveys. The research involved 130 students; 62% identified themselves with the group “rather poor than wealthy” and 48% – “rather wealthy than poor”. It is concluded that the students agree with the statement that the more attractive appearance can contribute to confident interaction with the educators, their attention to the student, and higher academic grades; students’ subjective assessment of their economic status affects their self-evaluation and evaluation of the educators’ appearance, but does not significantly influences the choice of measure of the functional importance of appearance for educational environment. The authors underline that the student environment, regardless the economic status of the students, has formed a perspective of the “investment power” of appearance as a social capital.
Berezina T.N., Temirkanova A.Y., Bortuleva N.L., Svilo Y.V. - Restoration of working capacity through VR technologies for people who combine work with study. pp. 11-20


Abstract: The subject of the study is the dynamics of functional states in people who combine work with study in a master's degree. The author describes in detail the possibilities of using modern virtual reality technologies to restore the efficiency of undergraduates. The article presents data from an empirical study of men and women aged 22 to 53 years studying for a master's degree. The restoration of working capacity was carried out by viewing virtual scenes in a special helmet for 10-15 minutes before the start of training sessions. As a result of data analysis, it was found that after exposure to virtual reality methods, there is a decrease in situational fatigue, a decrease in mental fatigue and a decrease in indicators of reduced performance. A tendency to the influence of chronic fatigue syndrome on many negative indicators of the mental state of the subjects was also found. At the same time, after the training with the use of VR technologies, the effect of chronic fatigue syndrome on mental states decreases, while for undergraduates who have not been exposed to VR technologies, it increases. At the same time, after the training with the use of VR technologies, the effect of chronic fatigue syndrome on mental states decreases, while for undergraduates who have not been exposed to VR technologies, it increases.
Soldatov A.S., Koronkov S.O. - Technology for controlling attention reserves of the pilot in preparation for piloting a helicopter using night vision goggles pp. 11-21


Abstract: The subject of this research is the automated control of the research of attention reserves of the pilot in preparation for piloting a helicopter using night vision goggles. Such control is implemented via special hardware and software package developed by the authors, the use of which allows tracing the attention reserves of the helicopter pilot during simulator training for a flight in the nighttime using the night vision goggles based on the semi-realistic modeling complexes. Performing a flight task on the simulator, the pilot solves an additional task without compromising the quality of the key task of piloting, which allows assessing the attention reserves. The conclusion is made that the use of the developed set of technical means is able to effectively assesses the quality and performance of the psychophysiological readiness of the pilot to operate a helicopter using night vision goggles, which meets the qualification requirements of the employers and the standards that define the quality of professional training. This provides the possibility of automated control of training for piloting a helicopter using night vision goggles, as well as possibility for improving such training in order to minimize piloting errors caused by human factor.
Lazareva O.A. - Happiness of Young People Living in Saratov: Main Aspects pp. 18-24


Abstract: The present article contains the results of the author's research devoted to the main elements of young people's happiness in Saratov. These elements include understanding and good relations with others, moments when a young person feel happy, length and date since the last time when he felt happy, reasons to feel happy last time, reasons to stop feeling happy last time and peculiarities of the feeling of happiness. The data was obtained through questionnaire surveys and analyzed based on the correlation analysis using the SPSS program. The purpose of the present research was to study the perception of happiness by a Saratov resident. One of the goals was to define peculiarities of the feeling of happiness experienced by the young generation in Saratov. 200 people participated in the research in total. 65 of them (32.5 % of all respondents) were aged from 16 to 35. The results of this research can be used in Russian statistical compilations and journals. 
Malyutina T.V., Tsygankova O.Y., Lonskaya L.V. - Characteristics of the status of professional identity of medical university residents pp. 23-30



Abstract: The relevance of the topic of the article is determined by the fact that the professional identity of the future doctor has a number of specific characteristics. These characteristics determine its uniqueness in comparison with other professional installations. The article considers the status of professional identity of first-year residents of a medical university. The status of professional identity is one of the criteria for the formation of the professional identity of a future doctor. The article describes the main characteristics of the identity status (premature identity, diffuse identity, moratorium, achieved identity, pseudo-identity). The article also discusses the socio-psychological conditions that contribute to the formation of a medical professional identity at the stage of training in clinical residency. Residency training is considered as the most important stage for the formation of professional identity. The residency training stage allows a young specialist to supplement theoretical knowledge in a narrower profile, consolidate practical skills and prepare for further independent professional activity. If we talk about the advantages of studying in residency, it can be noted that they are made up of the fact that they give a graduate of a medical university more knowledge, practical experience in clinical specialization and the possibility of its application in further professional activity. Clinical residency is a part of the higher education of medical professionals. At this stage, there is a more stable formation of the professional qualities of a doctor as an independent specialist.
Berezina T.N. - Emotional security of educational environment and cognitive processes pp. 29-43


Abstract: Emotional security of educational environment must provide an effective solution to the fundamental objective of education – the translation of social experience to the new generation. This requires an optimal balance of emotional feelings experienced by the subjects of educational environment. Within the framework of the structural-level concept of emotional sphere, the author determines twelve basic emotions that correspond with the three levels of information digestion and four directions of emotional response (novelty, offence, acquisition, and lost). Each direction is associated with solution of a specific task: biological (primitive emotions), social (moderate) and existential (peak). The goal of this research lies in the theoretical analysis of correlation between emotional feelings and the course of cognitive processes (acceleration and deceleration). The object of the article is the structural-level model of emotional sphere, while the subject is the emotional security of educational environment as an optimization factor of the development of cognitive processes of the students. Based on the conducted analysis, the author determines the following patterns: emotions of novelty (fear, wonder, interest) influence the processes of sense, perception and attention; emotions of offence (wrath, rage, heroism) disinhibit motor response and accelerate cognitive processes (from visual active on the primitive level to divergent of the peak level); emotions of acquisition (pleasure, joy delight) affect the mnemonic processes – memorization, storage and reproduction of education material, as well as contribute to the  development of cognitive structures of personality (capabilities); emotions of loss (resentment, sorrow, despair) alleviate the processes of oblivescence, focus on the truly important and realistic tasks.
Gorbenko A.V. - Emotional security of the education environment among students of humanitarian universities (bachelors and masters programs) pp. 36-91


Abstract: This article presents the research on emotional security in humanitarian universities among students at the various stages of education (bachelor’s and master’s programs). The author suggests a hypothesis that emotional security of the education environment depends on the level of education and the risk factors, therefore. Statistical processing of the acquired data confirms the differences in perception of emotional security among the students of different level of education. Therefore, the students of the bachelor’s program would have a lower level of emotional security if compared to the students of master’s program.  Our research demonstrates that the master’s degree students have a high index of positive attitude towards the education environment, and the high indexes of its components show that these students also have a high level of satisfaction with the educational environment. The emotional climate also affects the risk of emergence of psychosomatic disorders. The author notes that there is a link between the emotions and the physical health, thus this connection is of both, psychological and physiological nature. The conclusion is made that the emotional wellbeing of the education environment affects psychological and physiological health of the students. In accordance with that, we can note that the low level of indexes of the emotional security poses a hazard of developing of psychosomatic illnesses among the students of bachelor’s program, due to experiencing more negative emotions.
Gelman V. - Use of humor in the educational process pp. 38-46


Abstract: This article examines the role of humor in educational process of the university. There is a generally accepted opinion that humor is a positive characteristic of teaching and learning. However, it is quite difficult to determine its positive value as far as helping students. Therefore, the subject of this research is the analysis of using humor in the educational process, psychological grounds of its impact, pros and cons of using humor, as well as peculiarities of students’ perception of humor and their response. The methodological framework is comprised of systematization and analysis of scientific publications; generalized practical experience in determination of the key trends and problems using humor in the educational process. The author examines the role of humor in different aspects of the educational process, the impact humor upon motivation and emotional state, use of humor in educational games and nonverbal communication, as well as peculiarities of students' perception of humor, miscomprehension of jokes, and negative humor. It is demonstrated that the proper use of humor in the educational process contributed to position emotional state of students, increases their motivation and interest in learning, reduces anxiety and stress, strengthens confidence, improves performance, and encourages divergent and logical thinking. However, the improper use of humor may entail negative results.
Pishcherskaia E.N., Filippova V.P. - Pedagogical factors of students adaptation to the programs of academic mobility abroad pp. 51-59


Abstract: This research is dedicated to the search of pedagogical factors for the successful adaptation of participants of the programs of international academic mobility. The article analyzes the experience of students’ participation in the programs of academic mobility, as well as determine the pedagogical factors of the successful adaptation of participants of the programs of international academic mobility. The subject of this work is the pedagogical factors of students’ adaptation to the programs of academic mobility abroad. The object is the adaptation of the participants of educational process under the conditions of academic mobility. The peculiarities of adaptation of the Russian and foreign students abroad are detected through the specifically developed questionnaire. In accordance with the acquired data, the author analyzed the factors that positively and negatively affect the adaptation process. For solution of the set task was conducted the theoretical analysis of philosophical, sociological, psychological-pedagogical literature; examined and generalized the pedagogical experience; applied the methods of psychological-pedagogical diagnostics (observation, conversation, testing, surveying). The main conclusion lies in the statement that for the successful adaptation it is necessary to comply with the following pedagogical factors: depending on the level of adaptation of a student, his communicative and cognitive orientations, develop the individual adaptation programs; it is necessary to increase the level of language competency, form tolerance towards the foreign culture, eliminate the cognitive dissonance and stereotypes; correct the relationship of foreign students in microcommunity.
Prudnikov L.A., Klimov R.S. - Potential ability to manage professional operator training based on the assessment of their psychophysiological state pp. 52-64


Abstract: The subject of this study is the improvement the management of professional training of operators through the use of information on the psychophysiological state of the learner. The hypothesis of the study: as a successful career depends on the condition of the person in the course of its implementation, taking into account assessment of the psychophysiological state during training (learning) allows for management training operators aimed at the formation (development, consolidation) have stable professional skills. The relevance of the study is also due to insufficient use in teaching practice potential accounting psychophysiological state of the learner, provided the level of development of information and telecommunication technologies. The study is based on the articles of materials devoted to the psychological aspects of occupational safety, as well as on its own empirical data. The study applied the methods of work psychophysiology, educational psychology, educational cybernetics, engineering psychology and ergonomics. The novelty of the research is theoretical and experimental study of the need to incorporate evaluation of psychophysiological state for management training of trainees. Due to the fact that the condition of completion of the training is "quality execution of control exercises (tests) with low psychophysiological stress" the student is provided to improve the quality of vocational training - achieved increased resistance skills, formed as a result of training. Accounting psychophysiological state of the learner, provided interference-free performance of his professional activity, should be an integral component of management training operators in order to improve the effectiveness of individually-tailored training and the stability of the formed and develop skills.
Berezina T.N. - Developing the Emotional Security of the Education Environment (Psychological and Pedagogical Aspects) pp. 53-68


Abstract: In her article Berezina describes psychological and pedagogical aspects of the development of emotionally secure education environment. Berezina offers the following criteria of the emotional security of the education environment: minimization of negative emotions and increase of positive emotions. In this regard, Berezina defines the two components of the emotional security: the level of negative emotions (indicators include fear and anxiety) and the level of positive emotions (joy is an indicator). True emotions are viewed as the emotions causing important physiological changes in a human organism unlike usual emotions that affect only the mind and cause emotional distress. The methodological basis of the research involves the concept of the emotional security of the education environment. The article presents a review of scientific literature on the matter. Based on the results of the research, the author of the article proves the role of true emotions for the physical and mental health of students. Berezina also studies the connection between true emotions and the feeling of being healthy or unhealthy experienced by students. She also shows the correlation between the frequency of negative emotions and the probability of psychosomatic diseases and the relation between positive emotions experienced in the education environment and the subjective feeling of being healthy in the future. The researcher otulines the directions for the development of the emotional security of the education environment. One of these directions is the reduction of true negative emotions (anxiety before exams, for instance) through training sessions and psychological correction, the other direction is the providing more activities for creative and intellectual self-realization of students in the education environment.
Matiukhin I.V. - Temperament reflection of a pedagogue upon their psychomotor system pp. 68-91


Abstract: Possibilities of an individual conversation are certain across its entire history of development, from the consultative psychological-pedagogical aspects of the psychodynamic approach all the way until post-humanistic views. Lately, the persona of a pedagogue attracts high interest and research questions. Placing it into the paradigm “human-culture”, it is necessary to determine the private factors of the effective work. Such factors are based on the biopsychosocial nature of a human, and direct the researcher towards the focus of the inherent and acquired qualities of a human. This article presents the original research on observation by the profilers of the reflection of the temperamental peculiarities of pedagogues upon their psychomotor system during the private conversation. The author demonstrates the key quantitative dynamic indexes of the temperamental-motor manifestations in a form of expression, gestures, speech, mimics, as well as the resulting index of the integral dynamics. This research is conducted in the context of using psychomotor system as an instrument of interpersonal relations, which represents the mutual direction of dynamic, indicative-informative system on the objective effect upon each other. The author reveals an intersecting point within the objective reflection of the inherent and acquires factors that play a necessary and sufficient role in the phenomenon of interaction.
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