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Modern Education

Main peculiarities of the modern scientific policy in Germany

Yanik Andrey Aleksandrovich

PhD in Technical Science

 Leading Scientific Associate, Institute for Demographic Research of the Federal Research Sociological Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119333, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Fotievoi, 6, korp.1, of. 1

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Popova Svetlana Mikhailovna

PhD in Politics

leading resarcher at  Institute of Socio-Political Research under the Russian Academy of Sciences

119333, Russia, Moscow, Fotiev's str., 6, bld. 1, of. 1

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Abstract: This article introduces the results of the analysis of peculiarities of state control over the scientific development in the Federative Republic of Germany. The contemporary German experience represents interest for Russia due to the fact that both countries are federations, which leads to the emergence of more complex mechanisms of development and realization of the scientific policy, rather than in the countries with Unitarian form of government structure. The work carefully examines the fundamental elements of the system of strategic planning in the area of scientific development and innovations, including the key legal acts. The conclusion is made that the main specificities of the German management model for scientific development (absence of strict hierarchy; use of communicational mechanisms for the formation of “agreement platform” between all the political actors and groups of interest; delimitation of responsibilities, authority, and finances between the level of federation, level of lands, and others) are the result of implementation of the principles of cooperative federalism (“maximum agreement, minimum force”)  into all the spheres of social life. The effectively operating on all levels mechanisms of achieving political consensus, as well as extensive use of high-tech support of decision-making, help the government to provide the successiveness of the general strategic line in combination with the adaptiveness of the current scientific policy.

Keywords: Innovations, Strategy of development, Federalism, Science policy, Science, European Union, Germany, Innovative economy, Research and development, Research Infrastructure
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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