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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Police and Investigative Activity" > Rubric "The police and the institutions of civil society"
The police and the institutions of civil society
Kashkina E.V. - On the issue of status of the subjects of public order protection pp. 1-17


Abstract: The citizen of the Russian federation, who is capable of providing help to the law-enforcement bodies is a key subject among the variety of subjects, assisting the law-enforcement bodies and upkeeping the legal order.  Various forms of participation of citizens in the protection of social order allow to systematize them into certain groups, based on the type of their activities, which then allows to simplify the procedure of their interactions with the internal affairs bodies and guarantee order in public places. The author provides detailed description of police work, provides definitions of social organizations, their characteristic features and goals of their activities, as well as the competence of private guardian organizations. The author singles out four groups of non-governmental subjects, which guarantee the public order in a state. The author also points out the key directions of the activities of the Russian Orthodox Church in this sphere. Each citizen of the Russian Federation has a right to take part in protection of the public order in cooperation with the municipal bodies or the law-enforcement bodies, both at the non-profit basis and at the paid basis. The author then concludes that the guarantee of public order on the territory of the Russian Federation is an efficient interaction among all of the subjects, who are involved in upkeeping of the public order.
Lapina M.A. - Transparency of Public Administration and Civil Service as a Universal Principle of Sustainable Development of the Information Society pp. 1-17


Abstract: The subject of the article is the disclosure of the concept of the information society in the scientific and educational literature as well as the importance of the principle of transparency of public administration for the sustainable development of the information society. The analysis of existing international and national regulations, containing the principle of transparency (openness, transparency) in public administration and public service showed a direct correlation with the development of the information society. At present, the principle of transparency is found in international agreements and national regulations, that are actively being developed on the scientific and methodological levels. However, this principle is not always clearly indicated in the basic regulations governing the civil service of the Russian Federation and the development of public administration, which creates the need to consolidate the regulatory principle of the sustainable development of the information society. The general philosophical, theoretical methods (dialectics, comparative method, system analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling) and traditional legal methods (formal logic) and techniques used in practical surveys (expert judgment and others) have been applied during the study. The main conclusion drawn from the study is that it is necessary to establish a normative principle of transparency in laws and regulations in the field of public administration of the Russian Federation. The main contribution that is made by the author, is the comparative analysis of the terms "information society" and "transparency" ("openness") of public administration and the civil service for their close relationship with respect to the construction and sustainable development of the information society and improving the quality of life of citizens. The novelty of the article is caused by the fact that the author offers her own model of sustainable development of the information society on the basis of the universal principle of transparency of public administration.
Zubenko E.V., Lobunents E.S. - Topical Issues in Terms of Extending the Scope of the Institute of Jurors in District Courts pp. 1-6


Abstract: The subject of the reserch is objective patterns of the procedure of hearing a criminal case in district courts with the participation of jurors, activity of bodies of judicial system, bodies of prosecutor's office, preliminary investigation connected with preparation of consideration of criminal case in district courts with participation of jurors. The purpose of the present article is to analyze organizational problems which can result from participation of jurors in district courts. The authors touch upon a number of certain problems caused by participation of jurors requiring complex solutions. The methodological basis of the research involves a dialectic research method and a system of general and specific research methods. The authors have used general research methods such as historical, statistical analysis, observation, comparison, analysis, synthesis, etc. The main conclusions of the conducted research is that appearance of jurors in district courts involves a number of certain problems which need to be solved in a complex. On the one hand, it is necessary to prepare technical capabilities of participation of jurors, and on the other hand, officials, for working in new conditions. At the same time appearance of jurors in district courts will provide access for citizens to justice and increase quality of training and considerations of criminal cases in court.
Menshikova N.S. - Teaching Tolerance as the Subject of Collaborative Activities of Police and Civil Society Institutions in the Russian Federation pp. 18-30


Abstract: The subject of the present research is the main directions of collaborate activities undertaken by the Russian police and civil society institutions to teach tolerance to the population. Special emphasis is made on the interaction between internal affairs bodies and religious organizations on the matters of teaching tolerance to young people in the XXIth century. In her article Menshikova describes procedural and institutional basis of collaborate activities of police and religious organizations aimed at developing the culture of tolerance and preventing inter-religious and inter-ethnic conflicts in the Russian Federation. The methodological basis of the research involves general scientific methods (theoretical law method, systems approach, comparative law method). The author has also used the methods of the theoretical modeling and interpretation of legal ideas, laws and regulations. The scientific novelty of the research is caused, first of all, by the author's attempt to conduct a comprehensive analysis of laws and regulations that fix the forms and directions of cooperation between police and civil society institutions on teaching tolerance, such analysis has never been presented in the academic literature, as well as the author's description of the main directions of such cooperation in today's Russia. At the end of the article the author comes to the conclusion that being the most authoritative religious organization in Russia the Russian Orthodox Church plays an active role as an ally of police and government in the sphere of teaching the culture of tolerance, extremism prevention, terrorism and other crimes committed on national or inter-religious grounds. In modern Russia tolerance is the foundation of civil peace. Thus, collaborative activities of law enforcement authorities and religious organizations in the spheres of spiritual, moral and humanitarian education and prevention of inter-religious and inter-ethnic conflicts are the key to guaranteeing society's and state's security and safety. 
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