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MAIN PAGE > Journal "PHILHARMONICA. International Music Journal" > Contents of Issue № 01/2024
Contents of Issue № 01/2024
History of Music
Zubarev S.A. - The role of "Hail" by M.I. Glinka in the music of the parades of the second half of the XX – beginning of the XXI century pp. 1-8

DOI:
10.7256/2453-613X.2024.1.70104

EDN: IJASNE

Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the problems of adapting the works of the academic tradition to the conditions of military practice of the XX century. The creation of adapted versions of famous works of classical music by domestic and foreign composers intended for performance in conditions of military ceremonies, parade grounds concerts, festivals and competitions has significantly expanded the scope of the sphere of academic musical culture. The article focuses on the academic music of Russian composers in the repertoire of military orchestras. The subject of the work is E. P. Makarov's arrangement of the final chorus "Hail" from M. I. Glinka's opera "Life for the Tsar" ("Ivan Susanin"). The purpose of the work is to study the changes Makarov made to Glinka's work and their impact on the perception of "Glory" in the context of the 1945 Victory Day Parade. The study of the arrangements of the "Glory" choir, adapted to performance by military orchestras, required the use of general scientific and special methods. To study the materials related to the activities of Russian military musicians, the methods of source studies and textual criticism, cultural-historical and comparative were used. The scientific novelty of the work is determined by the fact that for the first time it provides a detailed comparative analysis of Glinka's scores and Makarov's processing, which made it possible to identify the principles of adapting works of academic music for performance in conditions of military rituals. The study of the issues raised in the study allows us to develop an original concept of the formation and development of the arranging activities of military conductors, considered in the context of the change of cultural paradigms of the XIX – early XXI century. In conclusion, the author notes that a comparative analysis of the scores of Glinka and Makarov showed that Makarov not only shortened the work, but also rethought it, creating a new musical form corresponding to the military ritual. As a result of these changes, "Hail" turned into a concise and dynamic march that became a symbol of patriotism and the strength of the Russian people.
Musical Teaching and Psychology
Fang J. - The continuity of the didactic principle in teaching violin playing in China pp. 9-17

DOI:
10.7256/2453-613X.2024.1.69578

EDN: IJFXHZ

Abstract: The study of continuity between generations is the subject of interest for specialists working in various scientific fields, such as philosophy, cultural studies, pedagogy, psychology, art criticism and others. This problem attracts the attention of scientists and researchers who seek to understand how knowledge and values are transmitted and preserved in various spheres of human activity. Thanks to this interdisciplinary approach, we can gain a deeper understanding of the importance of the succession process in society and culture. In this article, the author addresses the topical issue of violin education in China, its main characteristics and problems of continuity. The issue of continuity in philosophy, cultural studies, pedagogy, psychology, and art criticism is considered from various points of view. The role of the didactic principle of continuity for the Russian violin school is emphasized. The author analyzes the state of modern violin education in China with an emphasis on the main problems and tasks of violin pedagogy. The article uses methods of comparative analysis, examines the history of violin art in Russia and China, describes the educational process in China, identifies the main problems and suggests ways to solve them. There is still very fierce competition in China for admission to professional music universities: according to statistics, out of the total population of the country, only about 15 students enter the conservatory in the violin specialty every year. Despite the fact that violin education in China is organized according to international standards, there are separate problems in the field of pedagogy and performance that need to be solved. Improving the methodology of teaching violin playing (from the very initial level), increasing the professionalism of teachers, expanding the staff of qualified personnel and creating pedagogical conditions – all this will help make the professional training of future violinists effective and strengthen the position of the Chinese violin school at the world level. To date, there is an obvious tendency to transform the foundations established in the educational methodology with a refocus on the individual qualities of the student and the development of his independence. Teachers select new repertoires, which include both classical works and outstanding works by contemporary authors.
Movchan L.A. - The specifics of teaching the techniques of conducting gesture in the "Choral conducting" classroom pp. 18-32

DOI:
10.7256/2453-613X.2024.1.69898

EDN: HZVNTH

Abstract: The profession of conductor is one of the most important musical specialties in the world. The conductor plays the role of the head of the orchestra or choir, is responsible for the accuracy and expressiveness of the sound of the work, and serves as an intermediary between the author and the performer. The nature of the music and the performance interpretation depend on the correct work of the conductor. There is an educational side to the conductor's work. The choirmaster, engaged in teaching, solves a number of educational tasks. The article examines the specifics of teaching conducting gesture techniques in the classroom in the specialty "Choral conducting", highlights the main aspects and problems of conducting a choral group, and compares the work of a choral and symphonic conductor. The technique of managing a vocal group – an academic, folk or church choir - implies the ability to read scores in different keys, arrange them, and correctly distribute the parts depending on the characteristics of the voices. The choir director also works with the literary text of vocal compositions. It is impossible to do without general musical and theoretical knowledge in the field of solfeggio, harmony, and polyphony. The technique of staging the conducting apparatus and the schedule of the timing schemes practically do not differ among the heads of instrumental and vocal groups. This can be explained by the general nature, the psychology of collective music making. However, we must not forget about the specific features of choral conducting. This is the relative smoothness of gestures due to the different allocation of voices than in the orchestra, as well as the non-use of the conductor's baton. The second important difference between a choirmaster and a symphonic conductor is the need to analyze not only the musical, but also the verbal text of the score. The characteristic of the composer's work is added to the characteristic of the poet's work or the features of oral folk art, if the exact author of the text is unknown. In the work of a chorus conductor, vocal performance is of great importance, which is related to the possibilities of the voice. Choral conducting is more intimate than orchestral conducting. The most obvious synthesis of these arts, which almost completely eliminates all differences, can be noted in the management of both vocal and instrumental groups at once: in operas, cantatas, oratorios.
Movchan L.A., Movchan S.M. - The relevance and specificity of using choral works by modern composers in the class of «choral conducting» pp. 33-41

DOI:
10.7256/2453-613X.2024.1.70025

EDN: IDONNY

Abstract: In the article, the author addresses the issue of the repertoire of choral groups in the class specializing in Choral conducting. Works for a cappella choir have been one of the leading genres in the works of many modern composers for several decades. The popularity of secular choral music is associated with the development of collective musical education in educational institutions, as well as with the active participation of vocal ensembles in concerts, competitions and festivals. Spiritual compositions are also heard no less often, which is explained by the desire of composers and performers for spiritual pursuits that revived at the end of the twentieth century. Modern choral works use various innovative technologies that present a technical difficulty and require a certain methodological approach. The performance of works of this kind has a beneficial effect on improving the level of singing skills and professional competencies of future singers and choral conductors. The educational repertoire of choral students and the list of choral works performed by vocal groups at concerts/competitions/festivals have little overlap. If concert performers increasingly include music by contemporary authors in their program, then classical music still makes up a larger percentage of the repertoire in educational institutions. The following conclusions can be drawn from the study. Works for a cappella choir have been one of the leading genres in the works of many modern composers for several decades. The popularity of secular choral music is associated with the development of collective musical education in educational institutions, as well as with the active participation of vocal ensembles in concerts, competitions and festivals. Religious compositions are also heard no less often, which is explained by the desire of composers and performers for spiritual pursuits that revived at the end of the twentieth century. Updating the repertoire plays an important role in the education of music students. This is not only the study of innovative ideas of modern composers, the use of innovative technologies in teaching, but also the moral and ethical side. We have noted that in the music of the XXI century, the tendency to reflect reality and its constant changes is often applied. The performance of works of this kind has a beneficial effect on improving the level of singing skills and professional competencies of future singers and choral conductors.
Ballet and music
Zhirova V.V. - Evolution of the forms of sources on classical dance technique in the methodological literature of the second half of the 15th – first half of the 20th centuries pp. 42-54

DOI:
10.7256/2453-613X.2024.1.69863

EDN: HJZCYP

Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the evolution of the forms of literary works on classical dance technique of the second half of the 15th – first half of the 20th century, among which are educational and methodological manuals, dance notations, theoretical, historical and critical works, and classical dance curriculums. The creation of the first theoretical works on the art of choreography determines the upper temporal boundary of the chronological framework of the research. The development of the first classical dance curriculums determines the lower chronological limit. Until now, curriculums have not been regarded as an autonomous source, allowing to objectively assess the level of performing skills in their historical development. The research is aimed to identify the prerequisites for the emergence of this form of explanation and description of classical dance technique. It is hypothesized that already in the earliest theoretical works, the programmatic approach of the choreographic mindset can be traced. Using the historical method, the article makes a retrospective analysis of literary sources to reveal this pattern. The novelty of the research shows the importance of the classical dance curriculum not only in the evolution of professional ballet education but also in the development of the theory of choreographic art. It is concluded that there is a conventional form of classical dance curriculum in the content of the analyzed works. It was found that the methods of many outstanding teachers (P. Beauchamp, F. Taglioni, O. Vestris, E. Cecchetti) were described by their students, as they did not leave behind any published theoretical works. Other specialists in the field of choreographic art (R. Feuillet, A. Bournonville, E. Theleur, A. J. Zorn, V. I. Stepanov), on the contrary, combined several competences at once in writing methodology, theory, curriculums, and notations.
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