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Legal Studies
Reference:

Micro-morphological specificities of the firearms wounds caused by the pistol "MR-79-9TM" with blank cartridges.

Kutsenko Kirill Igorevich

PhD in Medicine

Doctor, Judicial Medical Expert of the Russian Center for the Judicial Medical Expertise of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

125284, Russia, Moskva, ul. Polikarpova, 12/13.

kutzencko.kirill@yandex.ru
Kul'bitskii Boris Nikolaevich

Vice-Director on Scientific Issues of the Russian Center for Judicial Medical Expertise of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation.

125284, Russia, Moskva, ul. Polikarpova, 12/13.

kiryusha.kutsenko@mail.ru
Makarov Igor' Yur'evich

Doctor of Medicine

Vice-Director on Scientific Issues of the Russian Center for the Judicial Medical Expertise of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

125284, Russia, Moskva, ul. Polikarpova, 12/13.

kiryusha.kutsenko@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2305-9699.2014.2.9968

Review date:

04-08-2020


Publish date:

1-2-2014


Abstract.

In order to study micro-morphological characteristics and specificities of the firearms wounds caused by the shots with blank cartridges (BC) in the conditions of the shooting range of the judicial medical ballistic laboratory of the Russian Center for Judicial Medical Expertise of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russia the authors had an experimental shooting with blank cartridges (produced by AKBS) fired with the 9,0 mm pistol MR-79-9TM. For comparison the authors used traumatic cartridges (TC) with the shot energy 50 J (produced by KSPZ). Experimental damage was studied based on biological test dummies - corpses of three pigs age 4-5 months, which were slaughtered 2-3 hours before the experiment.  The shots were fired from various distances to various body parts with consideration to the anatomical position of internal organs and bones. The author states that the histological study of wounds caused by firearms on the biological test dummy caused by the shots with BC and TC from various ranges showed the verifiable differences  in the character of damage, traces of soot and gunpowder on the skin and in the wound channel beneath the skin, on skeletal muscles and internal organs.  Based upon the complex of characteristic diagnostic elements, the authors prove the possibility for the application of the method of color micro-drop chemical reactions with the use of Griess reagent in order to establish the fact of shooting with the blank cartridges, and for differential diagnostics between the blank cartridges and traumatic cartridges.

Keywords: firearms wounds, micromorphological specificities, shots with the blank cartridges, damage to internal organs, histological study, nitrite-containing microparticles, color microchemical reaction, point-blank shot, desquamation of the epidermal layers, curved cell wall
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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