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Legal Studies
Reference:

Typological models of legal regulation of matrimonial relations through the prism of comparative approach in private law

Parii-Sergeenko Evgeniya Pavlovna

PhD in Public Administration; Docent, the department of Civil Law Disciplines, Sochi Branch of All-Russian State University of Justice

354057, Russia, Krasnodarskii krai, g. Sochi, ul. Dagomysskaya, 42, kab. 221

paryi@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2021.10.36621

Review date:

10-10-2021


Publish date:

15-11-2021


Abstract: This article outlines a number of typological models of legal regulation of matrimonial relations using the method of comparative-legal analysis. Leaning on the formal-legal approach, analysis is conducted on certain typological models. First and foremost, the author explores the model that is based on inclusion of the norms of family law in the Civil Code. It features two basic modifications that take roots in the reference European codifications of civil law: French (institutional) and German (pandect). Another typological model under review relies on coexistence of the two separate codes within the national legal system: civil and family. The typological distinctness characterizes the model that is based on inclusion of the norms of special statutes dedicated to family law in the Single Civil Code (for example, PRC). The development of family law may take the path of adoption of separate legislative acts (UK, USA). In some instances, federative nature of the country may also affect the development of the system of sources of family law. The countries with pluralistic legal system, either have exclusive jurisdiction over matters of family law (for example, Israel), or stimulate the processes of its modernization through adoption of a special law (for example, India). The author believes that the formal-legal criterion of typology should be correlated with the substantive aspect of the matter. From this perspective, the author highlight the two trends in regulation of matrimonial relations: the first is associated with strengthening of public law principles, while the second is associated with private law principles. The typological model depends on the dynamics of their ratio.


Keywords: family, marriage, comparative law, legal modernization, codification, private law, civil law, family law, legal regulation, society
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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