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Legal Studies
Reference:

The Main Approaches to Legal Regulation of Relations that Involve the Use of Robots
Danilov Igor'

PhD in Law

head of the Department of the Theory and History of State and Law at Siberian Institute of Management, branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

630102, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Nizhegorodskaya, 6

0615222@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2019.6.29150

Review date:

05-03-2019


Publish date:

16-07-2019


Abstract.

The article is devoted to the main challenges and issues that can be found in the laws on robotics as part of the Russian legal doctrine. Danilov analyzes the main approaches to legal regulation of social relations that involve the use of robots as these approaches are described in Russian and foreign academic literature. Theoretical views of Russian and foreign scientists on perspective concepts in legal regulation of robotics are classified and represented in the form of theoretical models. The researcher proves the rationality of these models and describe their advantages and disadvantages. Danilov presents the concept of limited legal capacity and competence of robots. Danilov defines the borders of legal capacity, competence and tort capacity. The methodological basis of the research includes dialectical and comparative law methods. In particular, application of the dialectical method has allowed to analyze the definition of the term 'robot' from the point of view of its origin and development. Comparative law method has ensured accurate comparison of approaches to legal regulation of relations that involve the use of robots as these approaches are described by Russian and foreign science. As aresult of the research, the author concludes that all approaches to defining the legal nature of robots as artificial intelligence bearers can be divided into three groups. The first group is based on the idea that these relations are a special object of law with special characteristics that require the development of special laws that would regulate such relations. The second approach is based on the need to declare partial legal capacity of robots limited with their tort capacity. The third concept is based on the need to extend the legal competence of artificial intelligence bearers by including the legal capacity therein. 

Keywords: tort capacity, capacity, legal capacity, legal personality, electronic person, artificial intelligence, robotics, robots, subject of law, object of law
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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