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Legal Studies
Reference:

The Grounds for the Creation of Pre-Contractual Information Legal Relations Involving Consumers

Kuznetsova Nadezhda Gavrilovna

assistant of the Department of Civil Law at Ural State Law University

620137, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Kolmogorova, 52

kuznad1992@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2019.1.28610

Review date:

08-01-2019


Publish date:

15-01-2019


Abstract.

This research is devoted to the grounds for the creation of pre-contractual information legal relations arising between enterpreneurs and consumers. In her article Kuznetsova discusses the idea offered by several experts dealing with the pre-contractual legal relations. This is the idea to view negotiations before signing a contract as a legal fact that creates pre-contractual legal relations. In her research Kuznetsova discusses whether such negotiations may be the basis for the creation of pre-contractual information legal relations that involve consumers. She analyzes individual legal facts and set of facts that may trigger the creation of such legal relations. The author has used such research methods as analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, and formal law method, analysis and generalisation of legal sources. As a result of the research, Kuznetsova concludes that contract-related negotiations should be considered as the basis for the creation of pre-contractual legal relations. However, parties' entering into negotiations does not necessarily create pre-contractual information legal relations. These relations arise when three sets of facts are present. The first set of facts includes the following elements: public offer (or invitation to make offers) and consumer actions aimed at receiving pre-contractual information (for example, request for information). The second set of facts include an invitation to make an offer and consumer offer. The third set of facts include public offer and actions that express a consumer intent to enter into an agreement (for example, entering a building, openning a website of an enterpreneur, manipulation with vending machines). 

Keywords: pre-contractual information legal relations, pre-contractual exchange of information, consumers, negotiations, consumer offer, intent to enter into an agreement, invitation to make offers, public offer, beginning, legal fact
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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