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Legal Studies
Reference:

From the Project to the Implementation: Waiver of the Exclusive Surrogate Miother Right

Reznik Elena Sergeevna

PhD in Law

Senior Educator, the department of Private Law, Liberal Arts University  

620041, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Zheleznodorozhnikov, 3

lenarez@yandex.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2018.12.27300

Review date:

02-09-2018


Publish date:

10-01-2019


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the legal provisions that regulate relations arising in the process of resolving the issue about the transfer of a child by a surrogate mother to genetic parents as well as Clause 31 of the Resolution of the Plenum of the Russian Federation Supreme Court of May 16, 2017 On Implementation of Laws By Courts Viewing Trials on Origin of Children. In his research Reznik raises questions about the absence of appropriate legal regulation of relations in the sphere of surrogate mothership, changes in the approaches of courts to the resolution of disputes when a surrogate mother refuses to transfer a child to genetic parents, and the need to take into account terms and conditions of a dispute in each particular case. The author also compares the draft and the current Resolution of the Plenum which is, in fact, aimed at waiving the exclusive right of a surrogate mother to make a decision about the transfer of a child. In the course of the research the author has applied the following research methods: analysis and synthesis, formal law, comparative law and hermeneutical methods. As a result of the research, the author emphasizes the need in fast and full solutions of the problems that may arise in the process of surrogate mothership including changes in the legal provision about the exclusive right of a surrogate mother at the legislative level. Reznik underlines that the situation when courts issue decisions which in fact violate the legal provisions, for the sake of the balance of interests between the parties, society and government, is unacceptable. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author  analyzes changes in the approaches to the problem of ensuring the balance of interests when a surrogate mother transfers a child to genetic parents, provides arguments for these changes, and makes conclusions based upon them. 

Keywords: balance of interests, freedom of contract, abuse of the right, Supreme Court, Resolution of the Plenum, genetic parents, surrogate mother, surrogacy, forced decision, opposite approaches
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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