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Legal Studies
Reference:

Problems of Applying Bank Guarantee and Penalty Under Contractual Obligation

Mel'nichenko Sergei Vasil'evich

Post-graduate student, the department of Civil Law and Procedure, Pitirim Sorokin Syktyvkar State University

167001, Russia, respublika Komi, g. Syktyvkar, ul. Kommunisticheskaya, 25

gn.sm@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2018.1.25136

Review date:

31-12-2017


Publish date:

31-01-2018


Abstract.

The article is devoted to the problem of realizing the rights of the creditor that is based on the requirement of the beneficiary to pay out money on a bank guarantee and forfeit if the principal obligation is violated. The author investigates the rules of law governing the procedure for securing contractual obligations with the help of penalty and bank guarantee as well as their correlation in the implementation of the claims of the creditor (beneficiary). In the author's opinion, the bank guarantee can not be a measure of property liability, therefore, it is a way of compensation for losses, and the amount collected at the request of the beneficiary can not be changed and depends on the amount of the penalty to be paid. The article also considers the problem of the impact of penalty and bank guarantee on the rights of the beneficiary to demand the fulfillment of the main obligation after satisfying the requirement under the bank guarantee. The scientific novelty of the research is that the author first identified the problem of the ratio of forfeit and bank guarantee in contractual obligations and their impact on the fate of the main obligation. The author comes to the conclusion about fundamentally different legal relations that arise when forfeit and bank guarantee are simultaneously used as well as the rights and obligations of the creditor (beneficiary) arising on their basis.

Keywords: default of obligations, damages, civil responsibility, actual performance of obligations, improper performance of obligations, forfeit, bank guarantee, guarantee, law of obligations, beneficiary
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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