Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Council of editors > Redaction > Peer-review process > Peer-review in 24 hours: How do we do it? > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Publication in 72 hours: How do we do it? > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

72 - !
. 72 DOI .
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Legal Studies

Electronic document as an independent means of proving in civil and administrative proceedings
Shkurova Polina Dmitrievna

Postgraduate at Kutafin Moscow State Law University

125993, Russia, Moscow, ul. Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya, 9

Article was received:


Review date:



The research subject is the provisions of the current legislation on electronic documents. The research object is particular problems connected with the procedure of obtaining and examining an electronic document in the context of its specificity. The author studies the aspects of the topic connected with the provision with the information contained on the hard disk of the computer, the study of the hard disk, and the recognition of correspondence via WhatsApp as inadmissible evidence. Particular attention is paid to the exclusion of an electronic document from the existing list of written evidence in civil and administrative proceedings. The author substantiates the consolidation of an open, non-exhaustive list of means of proving in civil and administrative proceedings. The author notes that in some normative legal acts the legislator somehow endues electronic documents with lower evidentiary strength compared with written evidence.The methodological basis of the study is represented by the following methods: the dialectical method of scientific cognition, the method of formal logic, the formal-legal method, the methods of analysis and synthesis, comparative legal, system and historical methods.The author defines the status of an electronic document in civil and administrative proceedings, formulates the proposals for formalization of an open list of evidence in article 59 of the Administrative Procedure Rules and at adoption of Chapter 6 of the Unified ode of civil procedure. A special contribution of the author to the research of the topic is substantiation of exclusion of an electronic document from the list of written evidence in the Civil Procedure Code, the Arbitration Procedure Code and the Administrative Procedure Rules. Provisions of part 3 article 75 of the Arbitration Procedure Code and parts 1.1 article 70 of Administrative Procedure Rules should be taken into account when adopting the Unified Civil Procedure Code and amending the Administrative Procedure Rules. Special reasons and procedure of adoption of electronic documents as evidence should result in the special procedure of their examination, different from the procedure of examination of written evidences. 

Keywords: electronic evidence, legislation, open list of evidence, written evidence, electronic document, administrative proceedings, Civil proceedings, legal acts, status of electronic document, information technologies



Publish date:


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Apellyatsionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 24 iyunya 2016 g. po delu N 33-24118/2016 // SPS Konsul'tantPlyus.
Bonner A. T. Pravosudie po grazhdanskim delam i nauchno-tekhnicheskii progress // Tsivilisticheskii protsess sovremennoi Rossii: problemy i perspektivy: monografiya / A. T. Bonner, N. A. Gromoshina, T. V. Dokuchaeva [i dr.]; pod red. N. A. Gromoshinoi. Moskva: Prospekt, 2017. C. 57.
Bonner A. T. Traditsionnye i netraditsionnye sredstva dokazyvaniya v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom protsesse: monografiya. Moskva: Prospekt, 2014. S. 481.
Vorozhbit S. P. Elektronnye sredstva dokazyvaniya v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom protsesse: avtoref. kand. yurid. nauk. SPb. 2011. S. 16.
Gorelov M. V. Elektronnye dokazatel'stva v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve Rossii: Voprosy teorii i praktiki: avtoref. kand. yurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2005. S. 9-10.
Instruktivnye ukazaniya Gosarbitrazha SSSR I-1-4 ot 29.06.1979g. Ob ispol'zovanii v kachestve dokazatel'stv po arbitrazhnym delam dokumentov, podgotovlennykh s pomoshch'yu elektronno-vychislitel'noi tekhniki // SPS Konsul'tantPlyus.
Kontseptsiya edinogo Grazhdanskogo protsessual'nogo kodeksa Rossiiskoi Federatsii (odobrena resheniem Komiteta po grazhdanskomu, ugolovnomu, arbitrazhnomu i protsessual'nomu zakonodatel'stvu GD FS RF ot 08.12.2014 N 124(1)) // SPS Konsul'tantPlyus.
Medvedev I. G. Pis'mennye dokazatel'stva v grazhdanskom protsesse Rossii i Frantsii: avtoref. kand. yurid. nauk . Ekaterinburg. 2003. S. 17-18.
Mitrofanova M. A. Elektronnye dokazatel'stva i printsip neposredstvennosti v arbitrazhnom protsesse: avtoref. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Saratov. 2013. S. 4, 14-15.
Murad'yan E.M. Ispol'zovanie v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve mashinnykh dokumentov // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1976. N 2. S. 112-116.
Ob avtomobil'nykh dorogakh i o dorozhnoi deyatel'nosti v Rossiiskoi Federatsii i o vnesenii izmenenii v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossiiskoi Federatsii: Federal'nyi zakon ot 08.11.2007 N 257-FZ (red. ot 07.02.2017) // RG. N; RG. N 30. 10.02.2017.
Ob auditorskoi deyatel'nosti: Federal'nyi zakon ot 30.12.2008 N 307-FZ (red. ot 01.05.2017) // RG. N 267. 31.12.2008.; RG N 94. 03.05.2017.
O samoreguliruemykh organizatsiyakh: Federal'nyi zakon ot 01.12.2007 N 315-FZ (red. ot 03.07.2016) //RG. N 273. 06.12.2007.; RG. N 151. 12.07.2016.
Opredelenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Krasnoyarskogo kraya ot 03 marta 2017 goda po delu N A33-4193/2017 // SPS Konsul'tantPlyus.
Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 27 dek. 2012 g. 1406 O federal'noi tselevoi programme Razvitie sudebnoi sistemy Rossii na 2013-2020 gody / SZ RF 2013. 1.7 yanv. St.13.
Postanovlenie Trinadtsatogo arbitrazhnogo apellyatsionnogo suda ot 06.09.2016 N 13AP-17606/2016, 13AP-17608/2016 po delu N A42-9183/2015 // SPS Konsul'tantPlyus.
Tkachenko E. V. Pis'mennye dokazatel'stva po delam, voznikayushchim iz administrativnykh i inykh publichnykh pravootnoshenii v arbitrazhnom protsesse: diss. kand. yurid. nauk. Saratov.2004. S. 14-15.
Khuan Syan. Sudebnye dokazatel'stva v grazhdanskom protsesse (opyt sravnitel'nogo pravovedeniya na primere Rossii i Kitaya): avtoref. kand. yurid. nauk. M.2008. S. 30-31.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.

Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website