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Legal Studies
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Historical typologization of criminal proceedings in jury trials: concept, approaches, significance

Nasonov Sergei Aleksandrovich

PhD in Law

Lawyer, Moscow City Bar Association; Docent, the department of Criminal Procedural Law, O. E. Kutafin Moscow State University

125993, Russia, Moscow, Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street 9

sergei-nasonov@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2017.8.23701

Review date:

08-08-2020


Publish date:

19-08-2017


Abstract.

The article is devoted to the historical typologization of criminal proceedings in jury trials. The author notes that the essence of the jury trial requires its realization in the legislative regulation and judicial practice of the concrete historical models of trial by jury. However, each specific model of proceeding in a jury trial is formed and functions in the context of the evolution of a certain legal system, as a result of which it inevitably comes under the influence of a group of factors that affects the specificity of realization of these features. The identical nature of a number of such factors leads to the emergence of models of proceedings in the jury trial which are similar in the specificity of their legal constructions.The article critically examines the approaches to the historical typologization of proceedings in jury trials in pre-revolutionary and modern procedural literature. In the author's opinion, the complex basis of the typology of historical forms of proceedings in the jury trial is determined by a certain type of criminal process, its historical form, and also the ideology (direction) of the transformation of the theoretical (ideal) model of such proceeding.The totality of the concrete historical features of proceeding in the jury trial constitutes a typical historical (morphological) model of such proceeding, and its implementation in the legislation of the particular state (in the particular historical period) is a particular historical form (the legislative form) of proceeding in the jury trial.The author notes that there exist three typical historical (morphological) models of proceedings in jury trial: Anglo-American, Continental and Combined (mixed).The author concludes that the study of historical models of proceedings in jury trial is significant for finding the ways to improve this form of legal proceedings in modern Russia.

Keywords: verdict, jurors, combined model, continental model, Anglo-American model, jury trial, question sheet, sentence, presiding judge, guilt
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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