Статья 'Философия естественного права Жака Маритена как теоретический фундамент прав человека.' - журнал 'Юридические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Legal Studies
Reference:

Theoretical foundation of human rights: J. Maritain's philosophy of natural law.

Shestopal Sergey Stanislavovich

PhD in Law

Associate Professor at the Department of Theory and History of Russian and Foreign Law of Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service 

690014, Russia, Primorskii krai, g. Vladivostok, ul. Gogolya, 41, aud. 5501

ss.shestopal@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Oleynikov Sergey Nikolaevich

PhD in Law

Associate Professor at the Department of Theory of State and Law of Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University 

61000, Ukraine, Kharkiv, Pushkinskaya, 77, room 38

oleynikovs@list.ru
Mamychev Aleksei Yur'evich

Head of the Department of Theory and History of Russian and Foreign Law of Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service 

690014, Russia, Vladivostok, ul. Gogolya, 41, room 5501

mamychev@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2016.11.2107

Review date:

07-08-2020


Publish date:

07-12-2016


Abstract.

The paper is focused on the impact of the philosophical ideology of Jacques Maritain - one of the most prominent French philosophers of the XXth century - onto the modern concept of human rights in their legal implementation. The development of Maritain’s basic ideas proved to be rather promising for modern democracy. J.Maritain was the first who managed to unite the philosophical anthropological theory (personalism) with the actual participation in the elaboration of the ideas of human rights, oriented against totalitarian invasions in human liberties. The author of more than 60 books, J.Maritain helped revive the legacy of Saint Thomas Aquinas for the modern times and contributed to the project of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The foundation of Maritain’s thought lays in Aristotle, St. Thomas and the Thomistic traditions.Maritain was a strong defender of the natural law ethics. He considered ethical norms as being rooted in human nature. For Maritain the natural law is known primarily, not through the philosophical argument and demonstration, but rather through "Connaturality". Connatural knowledge is a kind of knowledge by acquaintance. We know the natural law through our direct acquaintance with it in our human experience. Of central importance is Maritain's argument that natural rights are rooted in the natural law. This was the key to his involvement in the drafting of the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Keywords: Political and legal personalism, Anthropocentrism, Christian Philosophy of law, Neothomism, Natural law, Human rights, Maritain, Nation, State, Eternal Law
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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