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Legal Studies

The European models of proceeding in jury trials: jury trial in Austria (comparative legal study)
Nasonov Sergei Aleksandrovich

PhD in Law

Lawyer, Moscow City Bar Association; Docent, the department of Criminal Procedural Law, O. E. Kutafin Moscow State University

125993, Russia, Moscow, Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street 9

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The article is devoted to the specificity of proceeding in jury according to the Austrian CCP, adopted in 1975 (with amendments of 2016) as a kind of a European model of this procedure. These features are considered from a comparative legal aspect and compared with the same procedure, contained in the Russian CCP.Proceeding in jury trial in Austria is an example of a continental type of this form of hearing of a case, and this is a factor conditioning the significant differences between this procedure and the same one established by the Russian CCP. The presiding judge possesses a wide discretion in the field of proving. The features of the judicial enquiry in jury in Austria are the following: examination of evidences begins with the questioning of the accused; the procedures of examination of evidences of the defense and the prosecution are equal; a wide examination of information about a personality of an accused before the jury. The article notes the specificity of a stage of putting questions before the jury (there exist four types of questions), the specificity of the summing-up of the judge (he gives it in the jury-room and doesn’t speak on a factual side of a case), the specificity of the jury's deliberation when they have to give a short explanation of their answers, and the opportunity of a panel of professional judges to attend the jury's deliberation. The article suggests the possibility of reception of certain elements of the Austrian model of proceeding in jury trial by the Russian legislation.

Keywords: selection of a jury, summing-up, sentence, examination of witnesses, judicial enquiry, verdict, juror, jury trial, proving, presiding judge



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This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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