Статья 'Форма судебного процесса в контексте эволюции судебной системы Московского государства ' - журнал 'Юридические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Legal Studies
Reference:

The form of judicial proceedings in the context of evolution of Moscow state

Khashchina Ellina Eduardovna

Doctor of Architecture

Assistant at the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of Kursk State University

305000, Russia, Kurskaya oblast', g. Kursk, ul. Radishcheva, 29, aud. 606

elinka1408@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2016.2.17804

Review date:

25-12-1969


Publish date:

01-03-2016


Abstract.

The research subject is the interconnection between the reform of judicial authorities of Moscow state and the limitation of the accusatory form of judicial proceedings in the early 16th century. The author characterizes three judiciary systems which formed in Moscow state in the period of adoption of the code of law of Ivan the Terrible. The author specifies the differences between the concepts “historical type” and “historical form” of judicial proceedings. The author analyzes the reasons for the growth of influence of the grand-ducal court, the development of the prikaz system, and the limitation of powers of local judicial authorities, and points out the interrelation between these phenomena and the limitation of the accusatory form of judicial proceedings. The research methodology is based on the principles of historicism, systematicity, and objectivity. The author applies the dialectical, formal logical, system, historical-legal and comparative-legal methods. The author analyzes the evolution of judicial system of Moscow state in the context of typology of judicial proceedings. The author concludes about the specific peculiarities of the change of the historical type of judicial proceedings in Russia in the 16th century, which had been connected with a long-term existence of accusatory and investigative grounds in the judicial system and the legal procedure. The author concludes that the limitation of the sphere of application of the accusatory form of judicial proceedings was a logical consequence of the social developments, such as the decentralization of the state, the creation of the power vertical, and, finally, the mere convenience of application of investigative forms for the reasonable solution of cases. 

Keywords: conviction process, order, governor, Zemsky judge, Muscovy, of Law, justice, inquisitorial system, the judiciary, Boyar Duma
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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