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Legal Studies

Definitions of armed conflict in international law
Zverev Petr Gennad'evich

PhD in Law

deputy chief of the chair of international police cooperation and combatting crime via Interpol channels of the Peacekeeping training centre of the All-russian advanced training institute of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation

142007, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Domodedovo, ul. Pikhtovaya, 3

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The article is devoted to the study of definitions of armed conflict, offered since the end of World War II to the present day. The author analyzes treaty and doctrinal definitions, as well as definitions proposed by international and national NGOs. The purpose of the study is, on the base of the offered definitions, to formulate new definitions of international and internal armed conflicts, and to outline the main elements (criteria) of such definitions, allowing them to claim for universality and legal normativity. Special attention is paid to the qualitative criteria, which should form the basis for international and internal armed conflicts definitions.The study is based on the combination of the specific historical, comparative, formal-legal and political-legal methods.The international-legal and the comparative analyses of definitions of armed conflict are made for the first time in Russian legal science. On the base of the analysis of international instruments (Geneva conventions of 1949, Additional protocols to them of 1977), policy documents and projects of international and national NGOs, authoritative opinions of international relations researchers, the author reveals the main criteria that should form the basis of these definitions.

Keywords: International humanitarian law, Additional Protocols, Geneva Conventions, definition, armed conflict, International law, ICRC, IHL applicability, threshold for applicability, human rights
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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