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Legal Studies
Reference:

Christian concept of security and a new justice
Tsar'kov Igor' Ivanovich

PhD in Law

associate professor of the Department of Constitutional and International Law at Volzhsky University after V.N. Tatischev

445021, Russia, g. Tol'yatti, ul. Golosova, 107

tsarkov58@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2015.5.14278

Review date:

08-03-2015


Publish date:

01-05-2015


Abstract.

The article studies the issues connected with the development of a new concept of criminal law in the framework of Christian faith. The author draws attention to the fact that in the conditions of external opposition to Christianity, it has been able to survive and to spread its influence through the creation of a new security concept, which solves the problems of real threats to both the society and the individual. The author notes that on the early stages of development such religious concepts as "salvation", "sin", "redemption" had acquired legal content, and evil was understood as infliction of harm. The author uses the methods of historical interpretation of written sources, hermeneutical methods and the methods of understanding psychology aimed at reconstruction of the horizon of lifeworld of the early Christian culture. The main conclusion of the research is the idea that Christianity reorients interest from the collective security to the individual one, which is a fundamental distinction of Christian concept of security from all previous historical concepts. In other words, Christians insisted that individual security does not depend on the effectiveness of collective security measures, and if the mechanisms of individual security are not developed in the society, it is unpromising to hope for an effective collective security. 

Keywords: evil, sin, salvation, threat, law, security, Christianity, punishment, redemption, repentance
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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