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Legal Studies
Reference:

Definition, characteristic features and legal nature of experimental law-making process.

Fat'yanov Il'ya Valer'evich

Judge, Magistrate of the judicial district No. 1 of the Berezovsky city judicial district of the Kemerovo region

650000, Russia, Kemerovskaya oblast', g. Berezovskii, ul. Mira, 36

fiv_d@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2305-9699.2014.7.12688

Review date:

14-07-2014


Publish date:

28-07-2014


Abstract: The object of studies involves experimental law-making process in Russia, its definition, characteristic features, legal nature, elements, and its main stages: preparation, holding and analyzing the results of the law-making experiment. The author pays special attention to experimental legislative process from various standpoints, providing his own definition of "experimental law-making process" in its broad and narrow meanings. The object of studies involves social relations appearing in the process of organization, holding and analyzing the results of law-making experiments. The author used general and specific scientific methods, as well as special cognition methods. The studies are based upon the dialectic approach towards cognition of the objective reality, which defines theoretical and methodological aspects of cognition of experimental law-making. In order to reveal the nature of experimental law-making process the author used the philosophical knowledge on the term "process", as well as legal definitions involving legal process. The author applied  general scientific methods, such as analysis and synthesis, deduction and induction, generalization, abstraction, extrapolation, systemic approach, hermeneutic approach, etc. For example, with the use of synthesis as a method the author established correlation between experimental law-making process and legal process, allowing to define the legal aspect of the matter. Systemic approach was involved as a basis for the studies of law-making experiments in the components of legal system of Russia, and to be more specific, in the process of describing the stages of experimental law-making process, using the law-making experiment in Kemerovo region as an example.   Among the special legal cognition methods applied in this article one should mention formal legal, structural functional methods, and the method of legal interpretation. There exist certain directions of legal process, and their specific features were not yet studied in Russia. Specifically, these involve experimental law-making process. Experimental law-making process is a complicated and comprehensive term by its nature. The question of legal nature of experimental law-making process is debatable, since the legal nature of legal process is ambiguous, and experimental law-making process is a type of legal process. Experimental law-making process is a procedural form of turning legal ideal models of law-making experiment into the real system of legal relations united by a common goal. In the broadest sense experimental law-making process is a complex and multi-aspect term characterizing the combination of all of the legal forms of activities of state bodies and other competent subjects, which is related to taking certain legally valuable actions in the sphere of law-making experiments  within a procedure defined by law. In the end, it causes legal consequence - the legal hypothesis is verified.  In its narrow sense, experimental law-making process is a generalizing term characterizing duly legally regulated procedure for experimental activities, as well as the activities of bodies (services, officials) on preparing, holding and analyzing the results of law-making experiment. The main stages of experimental law-making experiment are 1) preparation for the law-making experiment, 2) holding law-making experiment; 3) analyzing results of the law-making experiment.    


Keywords: characteristics of experimental law-making process, procedural relations, improvement of law, nature of experimental law-making process, stages of law-making process, experimental law-making process, legal process, law-making experiment, nature of experimental law-making process, issues of theory of law
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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