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Legal Studies
Reference:

Perspectives of development of the specialized courts in Russia.
Prizhennikova Alena Nikolaevna

PhD in Law

Associate Professor of the Department of Civil and Arbitration Process of the Financial University under the auspices of the Government of the Russian Federation

Russia, 109456, Moskva, 4 Veshnyakovskii pr-d, d.1.

alenaprizhen@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Article was received:

26-04-2014


Review date:

27-04-2014


Abstract.

The article is devoted to the topical issues of formation and development of the specialized courts in Russia. Within the framework of the judicial reform it is offered to introduce specialized courts. The author provides specific proposals for the amendments of the current Russian legislation on these matters.  The Federal Constitutional Law "On the Judicial System of the Russian Federation" provides for the possibility of institution of the specialized courts (Art. 26). There are two main categories of courts: general courts (courts of general jurisdiction) and specialized courts.  There are several ways for including specialized courts into the judicial system.  The scientific environment lacks an unified opinion on the formation of specialized courts. Some scientists speak against the formation of specialized courts. Others are in favor of formation of the specialized courts.  That is why, this issue remains topical. The author makes a conclusion that specialized courts are necessary. Firstly, the presence of specialized courts is an evidence of democracy in the national judicial system within the framework of the rule of law state.  Secondly, formation of the specialized courts shall facilitate the improvement of quality of judicial decisions, less mistakes in the judicial sphere, and wider scope of judicial protection for the citizens.  The criteria for the specialization of the courts may be based upon the object, subject, procedural form, specialized (legislative) basis for the issues of regulation of specialized courts. The author responds to the question whether Russia needs specialized courts.

Keywords: judicial reform, specialized courts, judicial system, quality of justice, courts of general jurisdiction, specialization criteria, specialized jurisdiction, qualification of judges, judicial protection, judicial power

DOI:

10.7256/2305-9699.2014.6.11845

Publish date:

1-6-2014


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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