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Cybernetics and programming
Reference:

The Problem of Forecasting and Managing Hydrological Conditions in the Mountainous Area During Flash Floods Based on Hydrodynamical Numerical Experiments

Agafonnikova Ekaterina

senior researcher of the Department of Information Systems and Computer Simulation at Volgograd State University

400062, Russia, Volgograd Region, Volgograd, pr. Universistetskii, 100, room No. 1-09

kate.agafonnikova@yandex.ru
Khoperskov Alexander

Doctor of Physics and Mathematics

professor of the Department of Information Systems and Computer Simulation at Volgograd State University

400062, Russia, Volgograd Region, Volgograd, prospekt Universitetskii, 100, room No. 1-10

khoperskov@rambler.ru
Khrapov Sergey

PhD in Physics and Mathematics

associate professor of the Department of Information Systems and Computer Simulation at Volgograd State University

400062, Russia, Volgograd Region, Volgograd, prospekt Universitetskii, 100, room No. 1-02

xss-ip@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2306-4196.2016.3.18855

Review date:

18-04-2016


Publish date:

25-06-2016


Abstract: The object of the research is the mathematical modeling and its numerical implementation meant for the description of non-stationary floods. The following is discussed concisely: the structure, the interface and the computing abilities of the software complex EcoGIS-Simulation that is based on geo-information and super-computing technologies for modeling the hydrological mode of floods. The digital model of the terrain is considered to be the most important factor that determines the quality of modeling results. The main focus of the study is the hydrological situation and emergency situation that occurred in 2012 in the area of Krymsk and caused numerous deaths of people. The digital terrain model has been build for the Krymsk area in the Krasnodar region enabling to model the hydrological mode under strong flood conditions adequately using the software package «EcoGIS-Simulation-2.0». The above mentioned software enables to take into consideration all the main physical factors determining flooding dynamics, and uses numerical algorithms especially adapted for the solution of St. Venan equations. The implemented two-unit client-server architecture allows a user to launch several calculations from his client machine on the remote computing clusters. Through the implemented numerical experiments the authors have succeeded in reproducing the dynamics of a flood wave that may cause an emergency situation like that in 2012. A number of features of hydrological conditions that are connected with the landscape and allocation of precipitation have been detected during the flash flood in 2012.


Keywords: graphics accelerators, digital elevation model, software, numerical schemes, St. Venant model, mathematical simulation, computational experiments, hydrological conditions, computational fluid dynamics, technosphere safety
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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