Historical informatics - rubric Digital archeology technologies
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Historical informatics" > Rubric "Digital archeology technologies"
Digital archeology technologies
Hookk D. - Documenting Archeological Excavations in the Digital Epoch pp. 101-114


Abstract: The study addresses documenting of field archeological research. Systematization of documenting methods in archeology at multiple levels and stages gives an opportunity to understand that modern computer-aided technologies are variants of traditional approaches that have gained new qualities. Special emphasis is laid on the issue of transition from traditional types of archeological records to digital ones as well as difficulties in technologies and special terminology. The problem of huge data and analytics is also in focus. The problem has been systematically analyzed. The research object is the ways to document archeological monuments at different research stages as well as the efficiency of a technology employed. The research novelty is two levels of archeological excavations documenting: the macro-level of an archeological monument and the micro-level of artifacts. All research methods of archeological explorations employed at both the levels differ as far as description of results is concerned. This description includes raw data storage formats and their visual presentation. The main conclusions state the opportunity to consider extra data on archeological monuments as the sources of objective information. .
Korobov D.S. - Digital archaeology today: achievements and challenges pp. 107-121



Abstract: Over the last decade, the active use of various computer methods and digital technologies has had a profound impact on modern archaeological research. New methods of field recording have emerged, and modern tools such as laser total stations and scanners, GNSS receivers and unmanned aerial vehicles have become firmly embedded in archaeological practice. A whole trend of the Digital Archaeology has emerged within the framework of which many archaeologists are working. It seems relevant to summarize some of the results of the development of digital archaeology over the past decades and to highlight the main trends in the modern use of a number of technological techniques that have significantly affected the image of archaeological research at this stage. The article highlights the main methods and approaches in digital recording, analysis and visualization of archaeological information: geographic information systems, digital archives and databases, field electronic diaries, photogrammetry and laser scanning methods of different spatial levels, as well as the first steps in the use of artificial intelligence in archaeological practice. Such an overview, although limited, covers for the first time all the major trends in digital archaeology of the last two decades. In addition to the achievements that are certainly present in the works cited, the author pays special attention to some of the challenges that arise in the process of implementing digital archaeology in everyday archaeological practice.
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