Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Peer-review process > Article retraction > Ethics > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy > Editorial Board > Council of Editors
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

В погоне за двумя зайцами поймай обоих сразу!
34 журнала издательства NOTA BENE входят одновременно и в ERIH PLUS, и в перечень изданий ВАК
При необходимости автору может быть предоставлена услуга срочной или сверхсрочной публикации!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Documenting Archeological Excavations in the Digital Epoch
Guk Dar'ya

PhD in Philology

Senior researcher at the Eastern Europe and Siberia Archeology Department of the State Hermitage 

190000, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, nab. Dvortsovaya, 34



The study addresses documenting of field archeological research. Systematization of documenting methods in archeology at multiple levels and stages gives an opportunity to understand that modern computer-aided technologies are variants of traditional approaches that have gained new qualities. Special emphasis is laid on the issue of transition from traditional types of archeological records to digital ones as well as difficulties in technologies and special terminology. The problem of huge data and analytics is also in focus. The problem has been systematically analyzed. The research object is the ways to document archeological monuments at different research stages as well as the efficiency of a technology employed. The research novelty is two levels of archeological excavations documenting: the macro-level of an archeological monument and the micro-level of artifacts. All research methods of archeological explorations employed at both the levels differ as far as description of results is concerned. This description includes raw data storage formats and their visual presentation. The main conclusions state the opportunity to consider extra data on archeological monuments as the sources of objective information.

Keywords: dissemination, reliability, modelling, photogrammetry, digitization, digitizing, documentation, archaeology, analythics, management



Article was received:


Review date:


Publish date:


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

ISO 21127:2014 Information and documentation – A reference ontology for the interchange of cultural heritage information. URL: http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=57832 (data dostupa 01.07.2018).
Ammerman A. J. Surveys and archaeological research. Annual Review of Anthropology. 1981. №10 (1). S. 63–88.
Kolpakov E.M., Nazarenko V.A. Metodologiya arkheologicheskikh raskopok// Arkheolog: detektiv i myslitel': Sb. statei, posvyashchennyi 77-letiyu L'va Samoilovicha Kleina / otv. red. L.B. Vishnyatskii, A.A. Kovalev, O.A. Shcheglova. SPb, 2004. S. 100–104.
Pye E., Sully, D. Evolving challenges, developing skills. The Conservator, 2007. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01410096.2007.9995221 (data dostupa 01.07.2018).
Reilly P. Towards a virtual archaeology // Computer Applications in Archaeology. 1990, Edited by K. Lockyear and S. Rahtz. Oxford: British Archaeological reports. Int. Series 565. 1990. C.133–139.
Beale G., Reilly P. Virtual archaeology in a material world: new technologies enabling novel perspectives // CAA 2014 Paris: 21st Century Archaeology. 2014. URL: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/364454/1/VA%20in%20material%20world%20CAA14%20Paris.pdf (data dostupa 01.07.2018).
Shepinina E.M. Primenenie 3D modelirovaniya v arkheologii / Vestnik magistratury. 2017. –№1-1 (64). – S. 17–19.
Ryan N. Documenting and validating virtual archaeology. Archeologia e Calcolatori, XII. 2001. C. 245–273.
Harris E. C. (Ed.) Practices in Archaeological Stratigraphy. 2014. – Elsevier. URL: https://books.google.ru/books?id=kiaLBQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=ru#v=onepage&q&f=false (data dostupa 01.07.2018).
Hurcombe L. Archaeological Artefacts as Material Culture. Routledge, 2014. URL: https://books.google.ru/books?id=16KOAwAAQBAJ&lr=&hl=ru&source=gbs_navlinks_s (data dostupa 01.07.2018).
Neubauer W. From Practice to Theory – Expanding the stratigraphic recording into real 3D. ViaVIAS02. 2008. C. 31–36.
ReACH Declaration. London:V&A. 2017. URL: https://vanda-production-assets.s3.amazonaws.com/2017/12/15/14/49/22/a743acd8-6522-48ce-8700-7b78e59c8bf2/ReACHDeclaration.pdf (data dostupa 01.07.2018).
Art and Archaeology. Collaborations, Conversations, Criticisms. Russell I.A.& Cochrane A.(Eds.) One World Archaeology, Springer. 2014. 252 s.
Farmakovsky B.V. Arkhaicheski period v Rossii. Materialy poi arkheplogii Rossii. 1914. S.15–78.
Piotrovsky B.B. Urartu. London: Cresset Press. 222 s.
Beale G., Reilly P. 2017) After Virtual Archaeology: Rethinking Archaeological Approaches to the Adoption of Digital Technology. Internet Archaeology. 2017. N 44. URL:
Gant S., Reilly P. Different expressions of the same mode: a recent dialogue between archaeological and contemporary drawing practices. Journal of Visual Art Practice. 2017. URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/14702029.2017.1384974 (data dostupa 01.07.2018).
Rudenko S. I. Frozen Tombs of Siberia: The Pazyryk burials of Iron Age Horsemen. Berkley & Los Angeles: University of California Press. Berkley & LosAngeles: University of California Press. 1970. 340 s.
Devlet E.G. Pamyatniki naskal'nogo iskusstva: izuchenie, sokhranenie, ispol'zovanie. — M.: Nauchnyi mir, 2002. 256 s.
Kovalev A.A, Erdenebaatar D., Rukavishnikova I.V. A Ritual Complex with Deer Stones at Uushigiin Uvur. Mongolia: Composition and Construction Stages. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2016. № 44 (1). S.82–92.
Belkin A.P. «Zoloto bolot. Sobstvennaya versiya», 2004. 168 s.
Hookk D.Yu. (Eds.) Virtual archaeology. Methods and Benefits.Saint Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum. 2015. 290 s.
Timmins V. Discovering King Tutankhamun's tomb: Harry Burton's photographs. BBC news. 2018. URL: https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-44636774 (data dostupa 01.07.2018).
Laet V. De, Paulissen E., Waelkens M. Methods for the extraction of archaeological features from very high-resolution Ikonos-2 remote sensing imagery, Hisar (southwest Turkey). Journal of Archaeological Science. 2007. №34 (5) S. 830–841.
Doneus M., Verhoeven G., Fera M., Briese Ch., Kucera M., Neubauer, W. From Deposit to Point Cloud – A Study of Low-Cost Computer Vision Approaches for the Straightforward Documentation of Archaeological Excavations. XXIIIth International CIPA Symposium Prague 2011. Geoinformatics CTU FCE 2011. 2011. S.81–88.
Schneidhofer P., Nau E., Hinterleitner A., Lugmayr A., Bill, J., Gansum T., Paasche K., Seren S., Neubauer W., Draganits E., Trinks I. Palaeoenvironmental analysis of large-scale, high-resolution GPR and magnetometry data sets. The Viking Age site of Gokstad in Norway. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. 2017. S.1–27.
Forte M., Campana S. (eds). Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology. The Age of Sensing. New York: Springer. 2017. 496 s.
Forte M. Virtual Reality Modelling. The SAS Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. Edited by Sandra L. López Varela. JohnWiley & Sons, Inc. 2019. (v pechati).
Cyber-Archaeology. Near Eastern Archaeology. 2014. № 77 (3), September. URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5615/neareastarch.77.issue-3.
Doneus M., Neubauer W. Laser scanners for 3D documentation of stratigraphic excavations// Recording, Modelling and Visualisation of Cultural Heritage.London:Tylor & Francis. 2005. S.193–203.
Guk D.Yu., Dolukhanov P.M., Mazurkevich A.N. Ob effektivnom ispol'zovanii informatsionnykh tekhnologii v gumanitarnoi sfere/D.Yu. Guk, P.M. Dolukhanov, A.N.Mazurkevich //Informatsiya dlya vsekh: kul'tura i tekhnologii informatsionnogo obshchestva: materialy mezhdunar. konf. EVA'2002, Moskva. M., 2002. S.5121–5122.
Cooper A., Green, C. J. Embracing the Complexities of ‘Big Data’ in Archaeology: the Case of the English Landscape and Identities Project. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. 2016. №23: 2. S.71–304.
Campana S.R.L. Mapping the Archaeological Continuum. Filling “Empty” Mediterranean Landscapes. Springer, Cham. 2018. S.31–42.
Franks B. The Analytics Revolution: How to Improve Your Business By Making Analytics Operational In The Big Data Era. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. 2014. 304 c.
Scopigno R., Callieri M., Dellepiane M., Ponchio F., Potenziani M. (2017) Delivering and using 3D models on the web: are we ready? Virtual Archaeology Review. 2017. №8(17). C.1–9.
Leonov A.V. Virtual'noe 3D-modelirovanie v istorii nauki i tekhniki. Avtoref. diss. na soisk.uch. step. kand. tekh. nauk, 2018. 40 s.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.

Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website