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Historical informatics

Dialogue on Two Systems of Historical Education: a Computerized One and a Traditional One

Bocharov Aleksey Vladimirovich

PhD in History

Assistant professor, National Research Tomsk State University

36, pr. Lenina, g. Tomsk, Tomskaya Oblast' oblast', Russia, 634050,

Muchnik Viktor Moiseevich

PhD in History

Assistant professor, National Research Tomsk State University

 36, ul. Pr. Lenina, g. Tomsk, Tomskaya Oblast', Russia, 634050

Fil'kin Konstantin Nikolaevich

Doctoral student, National Research Tomsk State University

36, ul. Pr. Lenina, g. Tomsk,Tomskaya Oblast', Russia,  634050

Khazanov Oleg Vladimirovich

PhD in History

Assistant professor, National Research Tomsk State University

 36, ul. Pr. Lenina, g. Tomsk, Tomskaya Oblast', Russia, 634050




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Abstract: The article studies cultural and historical as well as social and psychological aspects of interaction between computerized and traditional forms of higher historical education. The following adversarial lines between traditions and innovations in education are analyzed: hypertext readers, audio slides and video lectures in contrast to “live” face-to-face lectures; step-by-step online training aids instead of taking notes and sitting for an exam at the end; stagewise formalized testing instead of single-stage oral exam; electronic mail instead of tutorial meetings; forum discussions instead of “offline” seminars; virtual simulators instead of laboratory work with real objects and texts; individual knowledge acquisition trajectory instead of general curriculum; automatically registered “success rating” and “scientific value” instead of informal opinion and expert reviews; necessity to analyze huge digitized datasets instead of descriptions and compilation of a relatively small amount of published data. The research methodology is the use of theories and analogies from history and culture of traditional societies and civilizations to understand instructor’s role in the situation of education technologization. The article is an experiment to revive epistolary dialogical genre in research articles. This text is an expert exchange of pro and contra arguments about traditional and innovative forms of work with information in the field of liberal education and especially historical one. The dialogue does not aim at its transformation into a “line” or a “dot”. Its aim is in contrast to hear what others say and compare their opinion with one’s own interpretation and perception of reality, to find new meanings and ways of their verbalization and “external presentation”. The main conclusions are ideas stating that any computer technology is a more convenient and efficient form of educational information that relates mainly to modern epoch in terms of its volume, speed and update availability rather than quality of education. This does not lead to the increased quality of education. The latter is merely in line with the communicative structure and dynamics of modern civilization. Full-time education based on a single curriculum in its traditional form with lectures and seminars is still irreplaceable and has a number of advantages over computer-based self-education. The study provides new arguments in favor of the central, irreplaceable and irretrievable role or face-to-face communication of instructors and students as well as emphasizes the lack of problems understudy related to online education efficiency criteria in comparison with live offline dialogue methods of the educational process. The research novelty is an original dialogical search of hidden and rarely mentioned advantages and disadvantages within the opposed innovative and traditional forms of higher historical education.

Keywords: dialogicality of education, role of personality, historical analogies, traditions and innovations, education efficiency criteria, specific character of liberal education, epistolary dialogue, online courses, computerization of educational technologies, historical education
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Platon. Fedr. / Perevod A. N. Egunova.-M.: Progress. 1989.-282 s.
Demoz L. Psikhoistoriya. Klassiki psikhologii KhKh veka.-Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks. 2000.-512 s
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