Genesis: Historical research - rubric West - Russia - East
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Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "West - Russia - East"
West - Russia - East
Mironyuk S. - Changes in the policy of rendering British aid to the White Forces of Siberia and Southern Russia in July 1919 and their causes (based on the meeting protocol of the War Cabinet of July 25, 1919) pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.11.31244

Abstract: The object of this research is the changes in the policy of rendering British aid to the White Forces of Siberia and Southern Russia in July 1919 and their causes. The subject of this research is the information on these matters, contained in the meeting protocol of the British War Cabinet of July 25, 1919 and related decision. Within the framework of the question “Situation in Russia”, were comprehensively discussed the reasonableness and possibilities of rendering British aid to A. V. Kolchak’s army in Siberia and A. I. Denikin’s army in Southern Russia. The author applies narrative method of research for description of documents that have not been previously introduced into the scientific discourse by the Russian scholars. The comparative method is used for correlation of data collected from various sources. The scientific novelty consists in the comprehensive examination of the claimed topic based on the meeting protocol of the War Cabinet of July 25, 1919, as well as other newly introduced documents from the United Kingdom National Archive. The author comes to the conclusion that the escalation of social tension in British society, major defeats of A. V. Kolchak, successful offensive operations of A. I. Denikin, along with the lack of financial resources for supporting the White Forces on all fronts, led to curtailing of British aid to Kolchak’s army and increased support of Denikin’s army, since his military achievements at the moment theoretically allowed counting upon invasion of Moscow.  
Dudin P.N. - Barga as a part of the Russian strategic interests in Eastern Asia in the first quarter of the XX century: treaty aspect pp. 12-25

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.8.33689

Abstract: Based on the previously unexamined treaties and agreements, this article analyzes the civilian mechanism of ensuring Russia’s interest in Manchuria on the background of establishment and development of statehood of Hulunbuir District, also known as Barga. Having lost the Russo-Japanese War and a number of backbone territories, the Russian Empire took all necessary steps towards retention and strengthening of its influence in the region, was able to form the zones of primary interests, and this control the process of acquisition of relative autonomy by Barga. It is concluded that within the framework of considered agreements, Russia’ national interests in the Far East were reliably protected. It was achieved by the concessions, which by their legal nature significantly differed from the concessions and settlements created by the foreign powers in Eastern China, although were capable of ensuring Russia’s presence and safeguarding the strategic interests. Despite the fact that the created system demonstrated its effectiveness, it did not survive the political crises caused by the revolutionary events and demise of the Russian Empire. China’s leadership took advantage of the situation that unfolded in Russia, and liquidated the autonomy of Outer Mongolia, and later the status of Hulunbuir, stipulated in the agreements.
Wu Y. - The role of University of Shanghai Cooperation Organization in humanitarian cooperation between Russia and China pp. 28-40

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.5.32832

Abstract: This article is dedicated to analysis of the role of the Network University of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Special attention is given to the current humanitarian cooperation between Russia and China that includes not only the traditional spheres as culture and education, but also healthcare, sport, tourism, as well as meets the demands of both states pertinent to structuring of regional subsystem of international relations. In this context, the author reviews Russian-Chinese cooperation in educational sphere in format of Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the role of University of SCO that allows successfully overcoming different barriers on the path of regional integration within SCO. The author’s special contribution into the research of Russia-China bilateral cooperation in humanitarian sphere lies in studying the evolution of their relations in educational sector with consideration of creation of the Network University of Shanghai Cooperation Organization. A conclusion is made on substantial strengthening of institutional framework of the bilateral humanitarian cooperation due to establishment of the University of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, as well as intensification of the processes of creation of a single “educational space” of SCO that increases the level of corporate integration that caters to the national interests of Russia and China.
Mironyuk S. - The role of British War Cabinet in organization of intervention in Far East and Siberia: agreement of the terms of intervention with the United States, Japan, and Soviet authorities in December 1917 Ц August 1918 (based on the materials of the United Kingdom National Archive) pp. 52-62

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.2.29289

Abstract: The object of this research is the role of British War Cabinet in organization of intervention in Far East and Siberia. The subject of this research is the actions of British government pertinent to the agreement of the terms and conditions of intervention with the United States, Japan, and Soviet authorities in December 1917 – August 1918, which was a challenging task due to the clash of interests of the United States and Japan and their approaches towards resolution of the problems in these regions, not to mention the equivocal position of the Soviet Russia in discussing the “intervention upon agreement”, i.e. integration approved by the Soviet authorities. The main research methods are the following: chronological, comparative and narrative, substantiated by the strict chronological framework and the nature of the involved sources, some of which are used for the first time. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that the attraction of the vast amount of sources from the National Archive that have not been previously introduced into the scientific discourse, allows studying the insufficiently covered within the Russian historiography topic on the role of United Kingdom in organization of intervention in Far East and Siberia with regards to agreeing the terms of intervention with the United States, Japan, and Soviet government. The conclusion is made that using its political leverage, the British government not only actively participated in conversations with Japan, United States, and Soviet authorities, but practically formed the agenda for such negotiations, persistently encouraging the partners to follow their directives.
Bogdanov A.P. - Russia and the West in the Information exchange of the late XVII century pp. 71-124

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2021.5.33057

Abstract: A considerable amount of foreign books in the libraries, the study of Western languages by the Russians, and close contacts with foreigners in Russia and abroad in the 1680s – 1720s had insignificant impact on the Russian authors, who preferred to describe the events using traditional literary forms. Even the first historical monographs, although contained Western scientific forms, retained the Russian literary style. The attempts to influence public opinion made by V. V. Golitsyn using the inspired by him, which were distributed in foreign countries and translated as foreign In Russia, had a tactical success, as they did not correspond to the Western ideas on the barbarian Muscovy. Western publications about Russia were affected by the fantastic version of organization of the Moscow Uprising of 1682 by the boyars and Tsarina Sofia, initiated by the regency government and supporters of Chancellor A. S. Matveev, who propagated it abroad with particular success. In the XVIII century, this version was explicated in the essays of the Count A. A. Matveev and his mentor L. I. Poborsky. The comparison of Russian origins and reflections of the version with its Western interpretations, including those translated in Moscow, allowed assessing the uniqueness of foreign outlook on Russia. The synthesis of Russian and foreign interpretations of the fantastic version of conspiracies underlies the representations of many historians on the Streltsy uprising of 1682.
Nikolaeva N.D. - RusТ, Byzantium, and West in the XII century: political-religious dialogue pp. 83-92

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.12.31640

Abstract: The subject of this research is the specificity of relationship between the Christian East and West in the XII century. The Christian East implies the Byzantine Empire and Rus’, while the West is the Holy Roman Empire. The XII century indicates the two crucial dates for the history of relationship between the Orthodox and Catholic worlds – the Great Schism of 1054, and the Sack of Constantinople as a culmination of the Fourth Crusade in 1204. Due to these circumstances, the XII century is viewed tendentiously: as a period of gradual and persistent escalation of tensions between the Christian West and East. The sources for this research became the Western European chronicles, hagiographic writings and normative legal documents, Russian and Byzantine religious-polemical writings. The acquired conclusions demonstrate nowise a tendentious picture of relationship between Byzantium, Rus’, and West during the indicated chronological period, but rather testify to certain specificity with regards to interaction of the Christian East and West. This specificity is reflected in the systematicity of their relationship, as well as in presence in the religious dialogue, which does not carry polemical or negative character.
Zalesskaia O., Yan M. - Russia Ц China humanitarian cooperation in the area of youth cultural and educational projects between Amur Region and Heilongjiang Province (early XXI century) pp. 91-104

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.10.34027

Abstract: The subject of this research is humanitarian cooperation between Russia and China in the area of youth cultural and educational projects between Amur Region and Heilongjiang Province in the early XXI century. The first two decades of the XXI century, these relations are characterized by active contacts in the area of culture and education, prominent education projects on intergovernmental and interregional levels. Within the framework of the National Years of Russia and China, a significant number of events were held to promote interaction between the youth of two countries and their familiarization with the culture of another country. Such events are of particular relevance in the Far Eastern border region – the intersection of Russia and China. The authors analyze the documentation on humanitarian cooperation between Russia and China, and give characteristics to the joint projects and programs in the sphere of education and science between Amur Region and Heilongjiang Province. The novelty of novelty of this work consists in the detailed analysis of specificity of youth education projects between the border regions of the Russian Far East and Northeast China in the early XXI century, which were implemented prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors also considered the interaction between Russian and Chinese universities in the context of close humanitarian and youth cooperation. The article features the materials translated by the authors from Chinese language. The past two decades of the XXI century mark a substantial array of cultural and educational events dedicated to youth of Russia and China; thus, humanitarian cooperation between Russia and China in the sphere of youth education projects has become an integral element of interregional contacts between Amur Region and Heilongjiang Province. The accumulated historical experience with regards to cooperation between the two countries in this sphere directly impacts the development of Russia – China relations, and requires druthers research..
Kolpakov M.Y., Mikheev D.V. - Pskovian land in testimonies of the English and French diplomats of the XVI Ц XVII centuries pp. 92-98

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.12.28563

Abstract: This article presents an overview of the data on the history of Pskov and Pskovian land, collected on the basis of English and French diplomatic testimonies of the XVI – early XVII centuries. The author analyzes the routes of ambassadorial missions, diplomatic ceremony, geographical records and descriptions of the city of Pskov, data on military events and trade provided by the foreign diplomats who visited the Tsardom of Russia. For the first tie is examined the attendance of Pskov by Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle in July 1664. The source foundation contains the official documents, reports, and diaries of the participants of French and English diplomatic missions to the Russian State. The applied historical-genetic method allows tracing the evolution of representations of the English and French diplomats about the Pskovian land as a part of the Tsardom of Russia throughout the XVI – XVII centuries. Located on the border of Muscovy, Pskov and Pskovian land often attracted attention of the foreign diplomats due to its economic and military potential.
Lapteva E.V. - The Imperial mentality of Russia and Anglo-American research in Russian Studies of the 1980s and 2000s pp. 104-111

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2021.4.35367

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the reflection of the topic of the Russian imperial spirit and its manifestations in the Anglo-American historiography of 1970 – 2000. The article relies on the works of the representatives of American Russian studies, from its major figures (Z. Brzeziński and R. Pipes) to modern representatives (A. Grigas). The author reviews the key positions of American researchers of Russia on the general characteristic of the imperial mentality that are inherent to the Russian people and determine their political and life behavior. Reference to the manifestations of the imperial spirit and its analysis in the modern period is important, as it allows seeing the history of Russia from an outside perspective, as well as carrying out a political-sociological and historical-chronological analysis to avoid similar mistakes in the future. The main conclusions are based on the works of Anglo-American Russian studies, which indicate that the study of imperial mentality, traditions, life and political behavior of Russia remains popular in the Western sector of Russian studies. On the one hand, it continues the tradition of American Soviet studies, while on other – separates from it and delves into the local and culturological research. However, the politological component retains its positions, and searches for the new topics and approaches. The author believes that these two trends would continue to be viewed in parallel in the Anglo-American Russian studies for a long time.
Chepik M.V. - Measures Undertaken by Far Eastern KGB Servicement To Suppress Subversive Activities of Foreign Secret Services in 1920 - 1922 pp. 126-148

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2013.3.8738

Abstract: The article is devoted to the issues of security of the buffer Far Eastern republic in the period of 1920 - 1922. The author of the article pays attention to a significant number of foreign intelligence agents acting in the territory of Far Eastern Republic and traces back the main areas of subversive activities performed by the foreign intelligence service in the Republic. The author describes the channels through which information was transfered abroad as well as the channels for supplying money to the Far Eastern part of Russia in order to finance illegal activities. The author describes goals, targets and methods of activities performed by foreign special services in the Far East. He also defines the spheres of activities of the White Guard intelligence service in the region and describes how the 'double agents' worked. The author also touches upon the issue of the internal and external banditry in the Far East during the Civil War and Intervention and reveals operations performed by the State Political Security Service of the Far Eastern Republic in order to suppress the banditry. The author describes the stages of formation of KGB service in the Far East and the main challenges it faced. At the end of the article the author concludes that the efforts undertaken by KGB servicemen actually led to posive results. 
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