Genesis: Historical research - rubric Cultural heritage
Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "Cultural heritage"
Cultural heritage
Kozyrenko N.E. - Russian Harbin: architecture of the mansion of P. I. Gibello-Socco pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.7.33385

Abstract: The subject of this research is the architectural and style peculiarities of the mansion of P. I. Gibello-Socco. The object of this research is the private residence of P. I. Gibello-Socco build in 1919 in the area of a New City. The author examines the relevance topic – disappearance of the Russian architectural heritage (destruction, demolition, aggressive reconstruction) in Harbin, and possibilities of preservation of architectural landmarks in a large metropolis. Therefore, special attention is given to the questions of studying historical objects built in the early XX century (history, natural observations, measurements, current state) and their reconstructions via methods of stylistic and compositional environmental adaptation. This would allow preserving the Russian heritage abroad. The main conclusions lie in preservation of not only historical objects, reconstruction of interiors, but also restoration of their environment. The results of studying the architecture of disappeared objects of the Russian Harbin period allow conducting a fragmentary reproduction of an authentic historical environment of the city in the township “Sunny Island”. The author’s special contribution consists in examination of the objects of Russian culture, development of restoration projects, identification of disappeared constructs and their façade reconstruction. The novelty lies in description of architectural and style peculiarities of a historical object, which serves as the basis for reconstruction of P. I. Gibello-Socco’s mansion.
Shpakovskii V.O. - The Poem pp. 70-87

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2013.4.203

Abstract: The article concerns the study of the poem "Shah-Nameh" as a source of knighthood weapons studied by English-speaking historians. English-speaking historians unanimously agreed that horse armour had Byzantine and Iran, and the Arab, and Chinese riders, and at the time when Europeans  did not even dream of it. At the same time, the design of social institutions of chivalry is associated with huge costs of weapons and armour, and hence the relevant system of land holding.  This is reflected in the European and Eastern heraldry.
Kimeeva T.I., Yudin M.O. - Development of restoration technique of the object of architectural heritage: historical aspect pp. 72-79

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.3.29308

Abstract: The object of this research is the restoration of architectural heritage since the XIX century until the present day. The subject of this research is the development of restoration technique of architectural landmarks throughout the indicated timeframe, the records on which are described fragmentarily in scientific publications and require systematization. The application of historical-typological method in studying the evolution of restoration techniques and principles allowed determining the attributes inherent to each chronological period and substantiate the future development trends. This defines the scientific novelty of the article. The main conclusions consists in the logically structured scale of restoration techniques of the architectural landmarks, which is built on the basis of historical-chronological characteristic and considering the positions reflected in scientific publications. The authors also trace the correlation between the various restoration techniques, as well as formulate the concept of restoration of the objects of architectural heritage.
Babich I.L. - Church of Our Lady of Life-Giving Spring in Tsaritsyno: the beginning of path (XVII-XVIII centuries) pp. 99-109

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.12.28276

Abstract: The object of this research is the Church of Our Lady of Life-Giving Spring in Tsaritsyno, while the subject is the beginning of its establishment in the XVII-XVIII centuries. The goal of this work lies in the analysis of the key aspects in formation of the new religious institution and Orthodox congregation (status, funding, characteristic of the clergy and perish, etc.). The three archives are involved in the research Moscow Central State Archive, Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents, and Kazantsevs’ Family Archive (the priests who ministered in this church during the late XIX – early XX century). The newly introduced into the scientific discourse archival materials are analyzed trough the method of historical reconstruction and presented in chronological order – from XVII to XVIII century. The history of the church under consideration only once was the object of research within the academic community. The article of the workers of Tsaritsyno Museum – A. A. Baranova and A. A. Glashevich – was published 15 years ago. It was based only on the archival materials from the Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents. Leaning on this valuable article, the author continued studying the fate of the church using primarily the two other aforementioned archives.
Barsukova E.A., Zhang Y. - Proverbs and sayings in modern Chinese textbooks for studying Russian as a foreign language as tools of creating the image of Russia pp. 111-120

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2024.1.68988

EDN: DHAFKV

Abstract: In Russian as a foreign language textbooks, proverbs and sayings dedicated to Russian culture are often encountered. These fixed expressions enrich the foreign students associations with Russia and its people as well as comprehensively draw a truthful and vivid image of Russian culture, and enhance the students interest in studying the Russian language. In the present research, proverbs and sayings are considered not only as a culturological phenomenon but also as a means of shaping an image of Russia in Russian as a foreign language textbooks. The object of the study is the Russian proverbs and sayings in modern Chinese textbooks of Russian as a foreign language. The article examines the role of the Russian proverbs and sayings as the tools for creating the image of Russia in modern Chinese textbooks of Russian as a foreign language. The material of the paper consists of proverbs and sayings in the textbooks "Russian Language in Universities" published in China from 2008 to 2014. Using continuous sampling method, we have identified more than 250 Russian proverbs and sayings. The methodology of the work combines elements of comparative and content analysis of the source data. The scientific originality of the study involves identification of the structure of Russias image represented by the proverbs and sayings under consideration. The article identifies and analyzes the following components of the image of Russia created by proverbs: natural, historical images, images of spiritual culture and everyday life. Proverbs and sayings are a phenomenon of human existence, fragments and treasures of popular wisdom. They reflect the natural image, character, mentality, worldview of the people who created them, their traditions, customs, and history, etc. Considering both linguistic and extralinguistic factors, the author concludes that in modern Chinese textbooks of Russian as a foreign language, Russian proverbs and sayings have become effective and constructive means of stimulating rich associations about Russia among students, and they shape a typical natural image, a rich image of spiritual culture, multifaceted everyday life, and a comprehensive historical image of Russia.
Likhodey E.M. - Review of some documents reflecting the activities of women's and children's public organizations in the 1990s, against the background of the transition from the protection of motherhood and childhood to the protection of women's and children's rights in Russian politics pp. 112-129

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2022.6.36919

EDN: GLUJWW

Abstract: The article is an overview of some documents reflecting the activities of two public organizations dealing with women's issues, and one leading activities in the field of children's issues in the 1990s in Russia. The study of documents of public organizations of that period becomes particularly relevant when studying the transition in the country's policy from the protection of motherhood and childhood to the protection of the rights of women and children, since the activities of such organizations reflect the problems that existed in society. Public organizations were often associated with state authorities, political parties or other political associations, as their representatives actively participated in the activities of the former. In this regard, the study of policy formation in this issue is impossible without studying the activities of public organizations. The article, divided into two semantic headings, examines the goals and objectives of public organizations, the agenda of events held by them, resolutions adopted, possible ways to solve public problems that form the vision of the situation by representatives of public organizations. The scientific novelty of the presented article is determined by the fact that in order to write it, the author managed to attract a range of sources stored in the department of non-traditional press of the SPIB of Russia, and to highlight the activities of public organizations in conjunction with the history of the development of some problems in women's and children's issues in Russian politics, reflected in the documents of public organizations. In addition to these sources, periodical press data and memoirs of the participants of the described events, published by themselves, were also used. The conducted research made it possible to make additions to the process of policy formation in the women's and children's issues in the 1990s from the point of view of history. The results of the research can be used in the preparation of courses on the history of Russia, special courses on the history of state and law, when writing textbooks and textbooks.
Lakhtionova E.S. - Section of monuments of Science and technology VOOPIK: history and main activities (on the example of the Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk regions) pp. 122-133

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2023.6.41012

EDN: IFAUXU

Abstract: The object of the study is the section of monuments of science and technology of the VOOPIK. The subject is the activity of the section of monuments of science and technology for the identification, study, accounting, preservation and updating of the corresponding category of monuments. The purpose of the study is to reconstruct the history of the emergence and functioning of this structural unit in the 1960s-1980s. The territorial framework is limited to the Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk regions, the leading industrial regions of the Urals, on the territory of which there were a large number of monuments of science and technology, monuments of industrial heritage. The author studies the history of the formation of the section of monuments of science and technology, and also gives a description of various types of its activities on the materials of the Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk regions. The problem posed has not yet been the subject of special study, and has only been touched upon in the context of the study of history in general of the All-Russian Society for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments and its regional branches, in particular. This determines the scientific novelty of the article. The source material is represented by archival materials, many of which are being introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, for example, unique information about the project to create a Museum of the History of Science and Technology in Chelyabinsk. The author comes to the conclusion that there were both similar directions and significant differences in the activities of these sections. This was determined by several reasons. Of great importance was the personal factor, which also influenced the effectiveness of the functioning of the section of monuments of science and technology
Filimonova K.N. - Historical and Memorial Activities of Rossotrudnichestvo Abroad: Results, Problems, and Prospects pp. 135-142

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2023.11.39284

EDN: YFIKBZ

Abstract: The subject of the research is the historical and memorial activities abroad of the Federal Agency Rossotrudnichestvo as one of the instruments of diplomacy of the heritage of the Russian Federation. The author examines the work of the Agency for the period 2010-2022 in the field of preservation and maintenance of civilian burials and memorial sites, which are associated with the names of our compatriots - Russian and Soviet military and statesmen, cultural and scientific figures. One of the goals of memorial policy is to consolidate Russian compatriots abroad and help preserve their national identity and ties with their homeland. The study uses a systematic approach, which allows to analyze the problem from different points of view: historical, cultural and legal, as well as methods of analysis and synthesis. It is important to note that in the conditions of a difficult geopolitical situation the Rossotrudnichestvo has carried out a considerable amount of work to locate, maintain an inventory of burial sites of historical and memorial importance to Russia and to promote the historical memory of prominent Russian compatriots abroad. However, this area of activity requires additional funds and efforts, in particular: searching for new sources of financing major restoration work, improving mechanisms for the maintenance of graves, more thorough elaboration of measures to promote the memory of the "Russian abroad" and active interaction with the Russian and international expert community, non-profit organizations and associations of compatriots abroad.
Choi J. - Sculpture as a reflection of the symbol of city: on the example of Vladivostok pp. 152-160

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.4.22336

Abstract: The subject of the study is urban sculptures in context of the history of Vladivostok. This paper researched the sculptures according to the three aspects of the city: Vladivostok as a marine city, military and revolutionary city, and a city with figures of the tiger. The first view is related to the appearance of the city and its geographical location. For this reason in the pre-Soviet Russia Vladivostok was the main port in the Far East. In the first half of 20-th century this city served as a military-revolutionary city. As the main military base and the Russian eastern gate it protected the Far Eastern frontiers. After the collapse of the Soviet Unions, the main symbol of the city was changed to the Amur tiger, and the image of the tiger is appeared up in the visual arts as well. The research was carried out within the framework of diachronic approach, which reveals the transition of urban sculptures and functional method, which finds out the characteristics of the sculpture. The main conclusion of this paper is that in pre-Soviet era the symbol of the city is from historical fact, and in the Soviet era it is connected with political implication. In the post-Soviet period it is appeared that not a politicized, but a neutral, natural symbol, an Amur tiger. Such symbols are represented in the form of sculptures and show evolutionary trends.
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