Genesis: Historical research - rubric Cultural heritage
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Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "Cultural heritage"
Cultural heritage
Kozyrenko N.E. - Russian Harbin: architecture of the mansion of P. I. Gibello-Socco pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.7.33385

Abstract: The subject of this research is the architectural and style peculiarities of the mansion of P. I. Gibello-Socco. The object of this research is the private residence of P. I. Gibello-Socco build in 1919 in the area of a New City. The author examines the relevance topic – disappearance of the Russian architectural heritage (destruction, demolition, aggressive reconstruction) in Harbin, and possibilities of preservation of architectural landmarks in a large metropolis. Therefore, special attention is given to the questions of studying historical objects built in the early XX century (history, natural observations, measurements, current state) and their reconstructions via methods of stylistic and compositional environmental adaptation. This would allow preserving the Russian heritage abroad. The main conclusions lie in preservation of not only historical objects, reconstruction of interiors, but also restoration of their environment. The results of studying the architecture of disappeared objects of the Russian Harbin period allow conducting a fragmentary reproduction of an authentic historical environment of the city in the township “Sunny Island”. The author’s special contribution consists in examination of the objects of Russian culture, development of restoration projects, identification of disappeared constructs and their façade reconstruction. The novelty lies in description of architectural and style peculiarities of a historical object, which serves as the basis for reconstruction of P. I. Gibello-Socco’s mansion.
Shpakovskii V.O. - The Poem pp. 70-87

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2013.4.203

Abstract: The article concerns the study of the poem "Shah-Nameh" as a source of knighthood weapons studied by English-speaking historians. English-speaking historians unanimously agreed that horse armour had Byzantine and Iran, and the Arab, and Chinese riders, and at the time when Europeans  did not even dream of it. At the same time, the design of social institutions of chivalry is associated with huge costs of weapons and armour, and hence the relevant system of land holding.  This is reflected in the European and Eastern heraldry.
Kimeeva T.I., Yudin M.O. - Development of restoration technique of the object of architectural heritage: historical aspect pp. 72-79

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.3.29308

Abstract: The object of this research is the restoration of architectural heritage since the XIX century until the present day. The subject of this research is the development of restoration technique of architectural landmarks throughout the indicated timeframe, the records on which are described fragmentarily in scientific publications and require systematization. The application of historical-typological method in studying the evolution of restoration techniques and principles allowed determining the attributes inherent to each chronological period and substantiate the future development trends. This defines the scientific novelty of the article. The main conclusions consists in the logically structured scale of restoration techniques of the architectural landmarks, which is built on the basis of historical-chronological characteristic and considering the positions reflected in scientific publications. The authors also trace the correlation between the various restoration techniques, as well as formulate the concept of restoration of the objects of architectural heritage.
Babich I.L. - Church of Our Lady of Life-Giving Spring in Tsaritsyno: the beginning of path (XVII-XVIII centuries) pp. 99-109

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.12.28276

Abstract: The object of this research is the Church of Our Lady of Life-Giving Spring in Tsaritsyno, while the subject is the beginning of its establishment in the XVII-XVIII centuries. The goal of this work lies in the analysis of the key aspects in formation of the new religious institution and Orthodox congregation (status, funding, characteristic of the clergy and perish, etc.). The three archives are involved in the research Moscow Central State Archive, Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents, and Kazantsevs’ Family Archive (the priests who ministered in this church during the late XIX – early XX century). The newly introduced into the scientific discourse archival materials are analyzed trough the method of historical reconstruction and presented in chronological order – from XVII to XVIII century. The history of the church under consideration only once was the object of research within the academic community. The article of the workers of Tsaritsyno Museum – A. A. Baranova and A. A. Glashevich – was published 15 years ago. It was based only on the archival materials from the Russian State Archive of Ancient Documents. Leaning on this valuable article, the author continued studying the fate of the church using primarily the two other aforementioned archives.
Likhodey E.M. - Review of some documents reflecting the activities of women's and children's public organizations in the 1990s, against the background of the transition from the protection of motherhood and childhood to the protection of women's and children's rights in Russian politics pp. 112-129

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2022.6.36919

EDN: GLUJWW

Abstract: The article is an overview of some documents reflecting the activities of two public organizations dealing with women's issues, and one leading activities in the field of children's issues in the 1990s in Russia. The study of documents of public organizations of that period becomes particularly relevant when studying the transition in the country's policy from the protection of motherhood and childhood to the protection of the rights of women and children, since the activities of such organizations reflect the problems that existed in society. Public organizations were often associated with state authorities, political parties or other political associations, as their representatives actively participated in the activities of the former. In this regard, the study of policy formation in this issue is impossible without studying the activities of public organizations. The article, divided into two semantic headings, examines the goals and objectives of public organizations, the agenda of events held by them, resolutions adopted, possible ways to solve public problems that form the vision of the situation by representatives of public organizations.   The scientific novelty of the presented article is determined by the fact that in order to write it, the author managed to attract a range of sources stored in the department of non-traditional press of the SPIB of Russia, and to highlight the activities of public organizations in conjunction with the history of the development of some problems in women's and children's issues in Russian politics, reflected in the documents of public organizations. In addition to these sources, periodical press data and memoirs of the participants of the described events, published by themselves, were also used. The conducted research made it possible to make additions to the process of policy formation in the women's and children's issues in the 1990s from the point of view of history. The results of the research can be used in the preparation of courses on the history of Russia, special courses on the history of state and law, when writing textbooks and textbooks.
Choi J. - Sculpture as a reflection of the symbol of city: on the example of Vladivostok pp. 152-160

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.4.22336

Abstract: The subject of the study is urban sculptures in context of the history of Vladivostok. This paper researched the sculptures according to the three aspects of the city: Vladivostok as a marine city, military and revolutionary city, and a city with figures of the tiger. The first view is related to the appearance of the city and its geographical location. For this reason in the pre-Soviet Russia Vladivostok was the main port in the Far East. In the first half of 20-th century this city served as a military-revolutionary city. As the main military base and the Russian eastern gate it protected the Far Eastern frontiers. After the collapse of the Soviet Unions, the main symbol of the city was changed to the Amur tiger, and the image of the tiger is appeared up in the visual arts as well. The research was carried out within the framework of diachronic approach, which reveals the transition of urban sculptures and functional method, which finds out the characteristics of the sculpture. The main conclusion of this paper is that in pre-Soviet era the symbol of the city is from historical fact, and in the Soviet era it is connected with political implication. In the post-Soviet period it is appeared that not a politicized, but a neutral, natural symbol, an Amur tiger. Such symbols are represented in the form of sculptures and show evolutionary trends.
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