Genesis: Historical research - rubric The path of the Scientist: anniversaries, milestones, an epitome
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Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "The path of the Scientist: anniversaries, milestones, an epitome"
The path of the Scientist: anniversaries, milestones, an epitome
Savvinov P.O. - From political and intellectual biography of the Yakut emigrant Asklefeodot Afanasyevich Ryazansky (1898-1968) pp. 1-13

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.11.34291

Abstract: The subject of this research, dedicated to mental characteristics of the world of Yakut emigration of 1917 – 1940, is the history of Yakut emigration on the example of life of the active participant in the anti-Bolshevik movement in the northeast of Russia, who fought for the alternative path of development in the XX century and the Yakut emigrant Asklefeodot Afanasyevich Ryazansky (1898 – 1968). The object of this research is the history of Russian emigration. Historical-biographical method is applies in the course of this work. The article analyzes the adaptation of the Yakut emigrant in the context of impact of external factors in China and Australia, as well as his political views. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that the topic of Yakut emigration and “Yakut world” did not receive due coverage within the Russian historical science, although it is an important scientific problem that requires comprehensive examination on the background of Revolution of 1917 and Russian Civil war in the context of world history. The conclusion is made that along with majority of Russian emigrants of the first wave, A. A Ryazansky struggled for survival in the new conditions abroad and was able to adjust to foreign cultural environment, having become a prominent journalist in China, and later the owner of marine company in Australia. Ryazansky saw the future of his homeland (Russia) as a democratic federative state with guaranteed preservation of ethnocultural identity of the indigenous peoples of Yakutia with the possibility of receiving education.
Roshchevsky M.P., Roshchevskaya L.P. - Director of research station of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union Alexander for exploration of the North academician Fersman (based on the materials from the archives of Komi Republic) pp. 10-23

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.3.32325

Abstract: The object of this research is the scientific and organizational activity of the academician Alexander Fersman on realization of a grand project – the creation of research station of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union for exploration of the North in the deep countryside of the European Northeast of USSR. The source base is presented by the materials from archives, museums and libraries of Komi Republic. The goals of this work consist in characterizing the role of the academician Alexander Fersman in creation of the aforementioned facility based on the documents from regional archives. The integrated approach, principles of scientific objectivity, retrospective method of library studies demonstrate the role of human factors in scientific cognition. Reallocation of institutions of the Academy of Sciences consisted in organization of migration of the collectives with scientific property, formation of the new structure, orientation towards studying defense objectives for ensuring strategic independence of the country and attraction of prominent scholars. Rare publications with autographs prove that the prewar scientific interests in the European Northeast and scientific-propagandistic activity of Fersman during the time of war.
Ainbinder R.M. - Leonid Pavlovich Radzishevsky Ц one of the prominent Soviet geometricians of the 1930Тs: to 115th anniversary pp. 78-87

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.2.30094

Abstract:   The object of this research is the biography of virtually unknown at the present time mathematician L. P. Radzishevsky, whose most productive period of scientific activity falls on the 1930’s. The works of Radzishevsky have been recognized by most prominent Soviet mathematicians of that time, particularly by member of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union I. M. Vinogradov. The provided biographical records demonstrate the circumstances of personal life and professional activity of Radzishevsky, since the last years of the Romanovs dynasty, throughout the civil war and first years of Soviet government, until 1942. The study is based on the various methods of historical research, such as narrative, historical-genetic, and biographical. The main results of the conducted research became the reconstruction of scholar’s life path and analysis of his contribution to the Soviet mathematics. The absence of scientific works on life and academic activity of L. P. Radzishevsky within the Soviet and Russian historiography alongside introduction of the unknown archival documents into the scientific discourse, define the novelty of the presented material.  
Shigurova T.A. - M. T. Markelov: on the anniversary of the scholar pp. 88-99

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.2.28920

Abstract: The object of this publication is the activity of the prominent Finno-Ugric expert, ethnographer M. T. Markelov (1899-1937), which was forcibly interrupted during the times of personality cult. The subject of this research is the little-studied Tomsk period of life and creative path of the Mordovian scholar. The goal of this work lies in introduction into the scientific discourse of the new materials from I. D. Voronin United Museum of Regional Studies of the Republic of Mordovia, which allows to fully comprehend the theoretical and practical importance of the activity of M. T. Markelov for the modern stage of development of Finno-Ugrian studies. It is established that M. T. Markelov was a pioneer of the Mordavian ethnographic science. His resilient character allowed staying socially active and cheerful person and engaged scientist: even being monitored, he continued his scientific activity as a Docent at the Tomsk State University, an acting director of the museum of ethnology and archeology, read the lecture on the “History of the Peoples of USSR”, “Ethnography of USSR”, etc., collected materials on the topic “History of Siberian Colonization”, wrote a dissertation. Examination of the materials from M. T. Markelov’s personal archive testifies to their high historiographical value; reveals new facts of the creative, scientific and pedagogical activity of the scholar in exile. The author also underlines the role of E. V.  Derviz and N. Y. Simonovich-Efimova in the life of M. T. Markelov.
Shamak S.A. - The Life Path of a Scientist, a Police Officer, a Prominent Statesman, Eduard Nikolaevich Berendts pp. 191-205

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2024.1.39660

EDN: CUVOZN

Abstract: Determining the prospects for the development of the Russian state, identifying patterns of changes in the legal status of the police, developing new approaches to solving fundamental problems of the theory of state and law in modern conditions cannot be carried out without taking into account the theoretical heritage of outstanding Russian lawyers, among whom belongs Eduard Nikolaevich Berendts (1860-1930), whose name was unreasonably forgotten in the Soviet period. The subject of the study is the biography of Eduard Nikolaevich Berendts. A detailed study of the life, teaching, and service in various departments of E.N. Behrendts helped reconstruct the stages of his state-legal views. In particular, the study of Berendts' life in the Republic of Estonia from 1918 to 1930 helped to find the scientist's works, translate them into Russian, evaluate his views and introduce them into scientific circulation. † The novelty of the study lies in the fact that the biography of E. N. Behrendts has not been fully studied by modern scientists. The little-studied scientific and social activities of the scientist even caused some misunderstandings and inaccuracies, attributing to him publications of which he is not the author. The special contribution of the author of the article lies in the fact that he works with the works of Berendts created in the Republic of Estonia in 1920-1930; with acts resulting from the state and public activities of Berendts in the Russian Empire and his participation in legislative activities in the Republic of Estonia; with the materials of Berendts' private correspondence; with the help of work in the Russian The State Historical Archive, the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the Central State Historical Archive of St. Petersburg, the State Archive of the Yaroslavl Region, the National Archive of the Republic of Estonia, the Department of Archival Documents of the Russian National Library was able to recreate Berendts' biography in detail. This contribution helped to track the dynamics of the development of state-legal ideas and the rich theoretical heritage of E. N. Behrendts.
Akhatov A.T. - Garun Valeevich Yusupov: archeologist, epigraphist and ethnographer (to the 105th anniversary of his birth) pp. 243-253

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.12.31532

Abstract: The object of this article is the life path of the prominent national archeologist, epigraphist and ethnographer Garun Valeevich Yusupov (1914-1968) viewed through the prism of his scientific research activity. Special attention is given to the period of his life in Ufa, where he worked in the Institute of History, Language and Literature of Bashkir Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1962-1958). The key goal of this study consists in structuring full biography of G. V. Yusupov and explore his contribution to the development of humanities via systematization of the existing sources and literature. The article uses the methods of biographical description and analysis of archival documents, which allow demonstrating the milestones of the scholar’s life and his scientific achievements. The publication leans on the documents from the Scientific Archive of Ufa Federal Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences/ The conclusion is made that Garun Valeevich Yusupov made a significant contribution to studying the problems of cultural genesis in Southern Ural during the early Iron Age, as well as into examination of ethnogenetic and ethnocultural processes unfolded in the Medieval and Modern Time in the Volga-Ural region.
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