Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "Regions of the world in the global historical process"
Regions of the world in the global historical process
Drong A.R. - The relations between Bangladesh, USSR, and Russia (1972-2015) pp. 1-11


Abstract: The subject of this research is the development of relationship between Russia and Bangladesh over the period of 1972-2015. The author thoroughly examines such aspects of the topic as the positions of USSR in Bangladesh Liberation War, ups and downs in diplomatic relations between two countries during the Cold War with the West, reasons of alienation in cooperation between Russia and Bangladesh in the early 1980’s. Special attention is given to the question of modern policy of Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina regarding Russia and new aspect of development in trade, construction, and energy segment. The author refers to the contemporary methodology based on the idea of multipolar world and pluralism of views upon the problems of Russia and Bangladesh. Author’s special contribution consists in the in-depth and objective outlook upon the historical events that took place in critical time of political instability between Bangladesh and USSR, and subsequently, Russia. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the author appeals to modern methods of cultural diplomacy in development of escalation of the friendly and economic cooperation, as well as consolidation of peace and mutual understanding between the nations of Russia and Bangladesh.
Al-Akwa'a A.A., Da Costa Santos J., Omurzakova A. - To the question on peculiarities of interregional cooperation of the countries of Arab East and Latin America pp. 1-11


Abstract: This article examines some aspects of relations between the countries of Latin America and Arab States. The questions of mass migration and the role of Arab diaspora in Latin America are considered. A hypothesis is provided on the beginning of historical migration of the Arabs that took place as a result of depression of their state in Andalusia. The authors determine the peculiarities of life in the recipient country: mixed marriages, religion and culture of the migrants. The examples of close regional and subregional cooperation implemented within the framework of Arab-Latin American summits are provided. The authors examine the trade relations between the countries, relations in the cultural and humanitarian sphere, development of cooperation between Arab states and Mercosur. The statistics on the number of Arab diasporas residing in the countries of Latin America, as well as their impact on the financial and economic spheres is given. The authors also review the relations between separate countries of the regions; presents an opinion that further expansion of cooperation between the countries can be encouraged by the right to free travel for the citizens of two regions. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that the relations between the countries of Latin America and Arab states are viewed in the context of profound changes taking place in the modern system of international relations. The article presents a brief historical sketch; however, main attention is turned to the relations between two regions over the recent decades. The main conclusion of the conducted research underlines that the relations between the countries of Latin America and Arab states carry a stable character and have solid foundation for further development.
Tolstokulakov I., Akulenko V.S. - To the question of rice and soybeans domestication by the settlers of Korean Peninsula pp. 9-15


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the processes of domestication of the leading cultivated plants of Far East such as rice and soybeans by Ancient Koreans. It is a known fact that since the beginning of Neolithic stage, in multiple regions of the planet has begun the transition from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement. In the opinion of majority of the Russian and foreign researchers, the Korean Peninsula was not an exception, the Neolithic age has marked the formation of the local center of agriculture and animal farming. Despite the irrefutable facts that testify to the emergence of agriculture in primeval Korea, at least since the Middle Neolithic Age, the question regarding the bottom boundary of its inception, as well as the paths of how the far eastern agricultural crops found its way to the peninsula. The basic method of this study consists in the comparative analysis of archeological materials published in the Republic of Korea over the recent years. This article is the first research within the Russian literature that leans on the examination of original Southern Korean theories on domestication of rice and soybeans. Lately the South Korean archeologists have made a number of important discoveries that give grounds to assume that the Korean Peninsula can be justly considered one of the origins of agriculture in the Northeast Asia. The acquired data does not allow stating about the independent domestication of rice in the Korean Peninsula, although with regards to soybeans such conclusions are applicable.  
Grigor'eva Y.G. - Mongolian-Korean relations in the XX century pp. 24-31


Abstract: The subject of this research is the history of establishment and dynamics of Mongolian-Korean relations, changes in the form and line of cooperation, as well as the peculiarities of bilateral interaction in the XX century. The establishment and development of Mongolian-Korean relations in the XX century took place in the terms of the replacement of several international systems, world wars and revolutions. Historical studies of the cooperation between Mongolia and the Republic of Korea in the XX century is of prime importance for examination of the evolution and current situation in the Mongolian-Korean relations. Methodological foundation contains the general scientific and special research methods: comparative-historical analysis allowed familiarizing with the problem state according to the materials from various sources; contrastive-comparative method allowed conducting synthesis, analogy, systematization of facts, events and phenomena, as well as generalization of data that illustrates the vector and dynamics of development of the relations between Mongolia and the Republic of Korea; chronological method was aimed at determination of the stages of establishment and advancement of cooperation, and qualitative changes in this process; logical method defined the problems and trends in studying the history of Mongolian-Korean relations. The scientific novelty consists in introduction of historical analysis of the Mongolian-Korean relations in the XX century using the relevant and insufficiently studied material in Mongolian and Russian languages. This allowed to objectively assess the process of establishment and development of bilateral cooperation, as well as observe its new facets.
Lukashova S.S., Lukashov N.V. - Religious factor as legal substantiation of partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth pp. 32-42


Abstract: The object of this research is the historical and legal aspects of partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the XVIII century. The subject of this research is the historical documents, normative legal acts, archival and other sources related to the topic. The authors examine the role of religious factor during preparation and conduct of the partitions and “reunion” of the Orthodox lands under the scepter of the Russian Empire. Special attention is given to the attitude of Catherine the Great towards the religious questions, as well as the positions held by the Russian Orthodox Church as a whole, and its separate representatives in particular. Methodology for this study is based on the analysis of historical documents and normative legal acts, using the elements of comparative jurisprudence in the context of secular and ecclesiastic law. The main conclusions made in the course of research allow stating the problem of protection of the Orthodox faith in eastern lands of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was of great relevance for the formed part of Russian society, despite the deliberately neutral position established by the imperial court. The authors’ special contribution consists in consideration of the public religious consciousness as a factor of international law and Russian international policy. This factor gains special relevance in light of the recent events related to withdrawing of Ukrainian Church from Moscow Patriarchy.
Ganiev R.T. - Problems of the Turkic-Chinese relations in 735 - 745 AD. pp. 41-47


Abstract: This article is observing the last decade of existence of the Eastern Turkic Qaghanate. This period had attracted the attention of Russian Soviet scientists much earlier, however, due to the limited use of the Chinese written sources and emphasis on other issues, the Turkic-Chinese relations have not received proper attention. Herein, for the first time, this article will discuss materials of the court chronicler Zhang Jiulin, who was in charge of the central chancery of the palace in 734-736 AD; the biography of the Chinese commander Wang Zhongsi; analysis of the regional situation in the steppe after the death of the Eastern Turkic Bilge Qaghan and the policy of the Tang dynasty regarding the northern nomadic neighbors. The research includes comparative historical analysis, historical- genetic and structural methods and will apply a novel approach by studying an open field areas of the Turkic-Chinese relations, China's foreign strategy towards the nomads, as well as the policy of nomadic tribes Kumo xi and Khitan (who previously were a part of the Eastern Turkic Qaghanate, but after 735 AD they rebelled against Turks with the support of China). The unification of interests of China and the nomads became the main factor, along with the internal political struggle in the Qaghanate that led to the weakening of the Turks and the fall of their sovereignty in 745 AD.
Bibnev A. - Evolution of Bolivarian regionalism pp. 44-57


Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of the process of evolution of Bolivarian regionalism, which implies the Venezuela’s policy in Latin American and Caribbean basin. The author analyzes the various instruments and mechanism of the regional policy of Venezuela created in the XXI century. This work considers only such regional formation, in which Venezuela unequivocally plays the leading role. In the course of the research, the author highlights the development stages of Bolivarian regionalism, as well as analyzes the factors of its decline. Methodology is structure on the historical approach and interviews conducted by the author with the former representative of administrative office of Ecuador’s President and acting representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uruguay, who expressed their position regarding the subject of research. The scientific novelty consists in systematization of the already existing scientific conclusions made by the Russian and foreign experts, as well as detalization of aspects that have not yet received proper attention. Within the framework of this study, the author determined the main stages of evolution of the Bolivarian regionalism.
Dzhazzan F.Z. - Iraq War of 2003 and position of the Syrian Arab Republic pp. 45-51


Abstract: The subject of this research is the Iraq War and its impact upon the international relations. The author examines the domestic causes for war, as well as external factors that predetermines its transition into the acute, military phase. The article analysis its effect upon the entire range of international relations in the region, as well as defines the position of leading countries of the Near and Middle East regarding the conflict around Iraq. Special attention is given to the foreign political strategy of the United States in the zone of Persian Gulf alongside the project of creation of the Large Near East. The author applies the most recent publications in Arab and English languages, some of which are introduced into the scientific discourse for the first time. This allows conducting a comprehensive analysis of the task at hand in the context of serious transformations within the system of international and regional relations. As a result of this work, the author was able to identify the most essential factor.
Belkovets L. - Soviet diplomacy in struggle for the establishment of neighborly relation with the United Kingdom during the 1920Тs pp. 57-85


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the process of establishment of relations between the Soviet Russia and the Great Britain in the 1920’s. The author considers explores the circumstances of an exit of the countries from blockade and the conclusion of bilateral agreements on a diplomatic recognition of the Soviet Russia by England. Special attention is given to the attempts of the Russian diplomacy to prevent the breach of relations, as well as emergence of "Chamberlain's note" of 1927.  The circumstances and consequences of the diplomatic conflict are being reviewed. The author gives definitions to the accusation of the Soviet Union of the “anti-British propaganda” and “derogation of England’s prestige” in the countries of the East. Special attention is given to the instigated by England white émigré extremism aimed at population and Soviet government structures, as well as to the subsequent reaction. The author conducts the analysis of the combination of historical and legal facts and implements a method of their scientific evaluation. The original concept of events along with the real image of historical process in all its natural sequence and conditionality is being suggested. The author assesses the position of the global community that ensured support to USSR, which has found its recognition in the peaceful foreign policy.  
Grigor'eva O.G. - International legal cooperation of USSR on civil affairs during the period of 1922-1956 pp. 86-101


Abstract: The subject of this research is the genesis of the international legal cooperation of USSR with foreign countries on civil affairs during the period of 1922-1956. Based on the international agreements and treaties, as well as other international legal acts of the Soviet Union, the author reconstructs a historical picture of interaction between the competent authorities of the Soviet State and a number of foreign countries in providing the legal support on civil affairs, including collection of the alimony payments to minors, inheritance, custody, etc. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the work uses the materials from the State Archive of the Russian Federation and the Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, which have been introduced for the first time into the scientific circulation. Among these materials is the diplomatic correspondence, agreements between the Soviet Union and other foreign countries, and others. During the course of this research, the author uses a historical method, which allows analyzing the examined legal phenomenon in dynamics, as well demonstrate its interconnection with the existed public relations and events that took place in the global arena during the aforementioned period of time.
Boltaevskii A.A., Pryadko I.P. - "Europe - the common home": current challenges and problems. pp. 96-106


Abstract: The subject of study is the fate of the European Union, in a global sense, the whole of Europe. The current policy of the bureaucracy of the Old World has been criticized as a left and a right-wing position. Increasingly, states about the decline of Europe and the West in general. Changes ethnoconfessional view of a number of European countries continues to decrease its role in world politics. Special attention is paid to the evolution of views on European unity, showing the fundamental role of Germany in the process. Showing the main problems (crisis of identity, security, migration complexity), the solution of which depends on the existence of the European Union.The methodological base of the research is a comparative analysis and monitoring, as well as methods of deduction and induction.Attracting foreign and domestic sources and the study, the authors show that the crisis in Europe is caused by the Brussel's ongoing Atlanticist policy, close but unequal partnership with the United States. Strategy of development of the Old World should be the formation of a truly independent domestic and foreign policy, cooperation with Russia, as well othee countries which defend their sovereignty.
Boltaevskii A.A., Pryadko I.P. - Balkans at the crossroads of the worlds: Slavic "knot of history" (late XIX Ц early XX centuries) pp. 113-125


Abstract: The subject of this article is the located at the crossroads of civilizations Balkan Peninsula, which throughout centuries is a sphere of geopolitical interests of various coalitions. Aggravation of the imperialist contradictions in the late XIX – early XX centuries led to the formation of "hot spot" in the southeast of Europe, which justly acquired the name of “powder keg”. The close ties between Russia and the nations of the peninsula have century-long traditions, but have been repeatedly subjected to various challenges, both domestic and external factors. The authors lean on the documents and studies of the Russian and foreign origin, which allow restoring the historical picture of the epoch. The main method of the research is the problematic-chronological. Despite the similarity in political and economic processes, the Balkan countries were unable to establish a strong alliance that could become an independent geopolitical player on the global arena. Moreover, the incompleteness of process of the formation of national states caused a series of military conflicts that continue to spark periodically even until present day.
Boltaevskii A.A., Balashkin I.N., Emets V.E., Pryadko I.P. - The Balkan Region through the prism of geopolitics: the end of the XIX - early XX centuries pp. 129-147


Abstract: The subject of research are the geopolitical games that revolved around the Balkans in the late XIX - early XX centuries. Bulgaria, Serbia, Romania - - Key countries in the region were involved in the diplomatic intrigues of the two opposing coalitions of the Entente and the Triple Alliance. Russia played an important role in the liberation of the peninsula from Ottoman rule, lost his position under pressure from England, Austria-Hungary and Germany. The diversity and heterogeneity of the ethnic composition of the peninsula, the difference of cultures, religions, landscape diversity - these are the reasons for a special kind of "contentiousness" of the Balkans. The authors used a wide range of domestic and foreign sources and studies, based on the comparative historical approach, the method of deduction and induction.The authors show that any interference by outside forces in the Balkans have a detrimental and fatal, not only for the region but for the entire world. The Balkans can be considered as the European continent in miniature, so dominant in the region within the state in its historical destiny is to be likened to the lead in Europe in Germany. From the tragedy of the Bulgarian monarchy after the First World War or the collapse of the Union of Yugoslavia after the end of the Cold War, in something similar to the German catastrophe that befell this country during the Second World War.
Bekishiev A.A. - Dagestan within the strategic plans of the Russian Empire and Iran during the early 1740Тs pp. 252-258


Abstract: The subject of this research is the historical events in Dagestan during the period of the early 1740’s, when the new heroic page has started in the history of Dagestan people associated with the fight against Persian hegemony. Towards the end of the Indian campaign, which infatuated Persian ruler Nader Shah, he was focusing on the Dagestan question. Dagestan had an advantageous strategic position, thus neighboring states were attracted to it. For more than two centuries, Dagestan was a “bone of contention” between Iran, Turkey, and Russia. Nader Shah’s Dagestan campaign of 1741-1743 that became one of the major military interventions of the Persian ruler, ended in an embarrassing failure. The enraged people of Dagestan in the face of fatal danger, were able to unite and fight back the mutual enemy. The heroic actions taken by the people of Dagestan against Persian invaders, alongside with the targeted actions of Russian related to the recognition of Dagestan as an important part of Russia’s policy on Caucasus, forced the army of Nader Shah to withdraw his army from Dagestan; this lead to the fact that the foreign policy orientation of the Dagestan people towards Russia became a reality.
Boltaevskii A.A., Pryadko I.P. - Peninsula conflicts: the Balkans in the early twentieth century pp. 259-268


Abstract: The Balkan region has long been a key in Eurasia. To him over the centuries gaze riveted the world's leading powers. But it was the beginning of the XX century. a continuous succession of local wars and delimitation of borders coined the term "powder keg of Europe". Ultimately, the events of those years were the beginning of the change of the underlying foundations of not only European but also the entire world civilization. Sarajevo shot was the beginning of a new era. The article reconstructs the events of a century ago on the basis of journalistic materials at that time, archival documents, modern research. Balkan knot led to large-scale fighting in the struggle for the redivision of the world. Most dramatically affected the First World Slavs: the war became Golgotha for Russia, Serbia, Bulgaria. Russia, like a phoenix, reborn in the Soviet Union, Serbia has lost himself in Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria received a second consecutive humiliating. The revival of the Slavs occurred only at the end of World War II.
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