Genesis: Historical research - rubric Memorable date in history
Genesis: Historical research
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "Memorable date in history"
Memorable date in history
Zipunnikova N., Kalinina A., Elisova N. - From the Law Faculty of Irkutsk University to Siberian Institute of Soviet Law: Irkutsk roots of university history (dedication to the centenary of Ural State Law University) pp. 11-28


Abstract: The authors carefully examines the problems of establishment of legal education in the east of Russia, namely the Irkutsk State University. Opened in the fall of 1918 university’s law faculty was an organizational academic structure that laid the foundation for the history of the Ural State Law University. Being transformed repeatedly, in 1931 in terms of a big reform of preparation of the Soviet legal personnel, the law faculty became a Siberian (Irkutsk) Institute of Soviet Law; later, in 1934, it was transferred to Sverdlovsk (Ural Region), attaining the name Sverdlovsk Law Institute since 1936. The article uses the groundwork of the so-called anniversary genre and anniversary strategies of cognizing the history of legal education and science. Based on the broad circle of sources, including archival materials, the author demonstrates advancement of the idea of Siberian University, education in the most difficult circumstances of shift of power and regimes, civil war, as well as various aspects of its operation from the perspective of systemic approach. Particular attention is given to the normative-legal, political-ideological, organizational-administrative bases of the work of the faculty. The author also traces the evolution of the content of preparation of highly qualified legal personnel; on the example of difficult fates of the faculty members is demonstrated the “link of times”.
Lysenkov S. - Militaty administration bodies and their authorities during the Great Patriotic War pp. 567-615


Abstract: The subject of the research is the process of creation and functioning of the military administration bodies during the time of the war. The author believes that the problem of creation and work of the emergency bodies of the USSR and their subordinate structural elements during the Great Patriotic War is timely because of two reasons. First, the mentioned problem is not studied enough by the history and legal science. Second, on the eve of the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory many attempts have been made to disavow the bravery of the Soviet People during the war. The main method of research is dialectical materialism which lets analyze facts, events, phenomena on the topic of the article in their logic consequences, interconnection and interdependence. The novelty of the article that archive materials are used in the scientific research that prove employment and legal status of the military administration bodies during the Great Patriotic War. The author draws the conclusions about the powers of the State Defense Committee, the General Headquarters, military councils of the fronts in the conditions of war.
Kodan S.V. - The State Defense Committee in the System of the PartyТs Control and the State Administration during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945: Creation, Nature, Structure and Organization of Work pp. 616-636


Abstract: The creation and activity of the State Defense Committee (SDC) reflected the peculiarities of the state administration in the conditions of the Great Patriotic War in 1941-1945 during which the concentration of all the resources were needed to gain the victory. Before the war the country’s system of administration were fully formed, and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of the Bolsheviks defined the state politics and headed the state administration.  The creation of the SDC in June, 30, 1941 fully reflected this tendency and in the conditions of the war took all the state power as an emergency Party and State authorities. Unclassified archive documents about the SDC activity give new opportunities for studying its activity. The article tells about the characteristic features of creation, structure, directions of activity and a review of materials about the official paperwork of the State Defense Committee. The article characterizes the State Defense Committee, shows the documents about the activity of scientific research, defines the possibilities to use new materials. The latter comes out of the fact that all the documents are unclassified and gives many opportunities for the further studying of the SDC history.
Abdulin R.S. - Features of judicial management in the conditions of the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945. pp. 637-650


Abstract: The research is the peculiarities of judicial management in the conditions of the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945, changes in the structure and competence of bodies of judicial management in the Wake of the announcement in the country under martial law. The object of study is a set of organizational structures of judicial management in war, their staffing, functional parameters, elected means and methods. The author considers in detail the judicial control by the judicial system of the country in wartime, the organization of the administration of justice in areas liberated from occupation and other activities of the organs of justice and superior courts.
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