Статья 'Партийно-государственная номенклатура и закон в советской России: двойная ответственность или особые правовые условия(1920-е годы)' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > The editors and editorial board > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Party and Government Nomenclature and Law in Soviet Russia: Dual Liability or Special Legal Conditions (the 1920's)

Nikulin Viktor Vasil'evich

Doctor of History

Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law at Tambov State Technical University

Russia, 392000, Tambov, str. Sovetskaya, h.106

viktor.nikulin@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2306-420X.2013.3.750

Review date:

18-05-2013


Publish date:

1-6-2013


Abstract: The article is devoted to the theoretical and practical aspects of the process of formation of the party and government nomenclature during the civil war and New Economic Policy. The author of the article makes a very important conclusion that it was the war that created a special type of a Soviet leader. 
The author also underlines the constant aspiration of the Soviet nomenclature towards better life and comfort including by the means of simple corruption. That led to the growth of crime among officials and increased criminal prosecution of officials. 
Taking into account the deficiency of loyal staff, the government decided to create the system of special legal privileges for Soviet official. Those legal privileges allowed to avoid responsibility for the crime committed. The author of the article in detail analyzes archive sources and other documents and describes the process of creation of the system of special legal conditions for representatives of the Soviet nomenclature who committed crime. The author also analyzes the legal and social consequences of that double standard policy. The author makes an assumption that in the 1920's Russia followed the double legal standard policy. There were standards especially for the Soviet nomenclature and other standards applied to regular citizens. The double legal standards were based on the unoficial law and existed in the form of secret regulatory acts. Those acts were addressed to judicial authorities and regulated the legal policy towards party members. 


Keywords: justice, law, nomenclature, party member, level of crime, legal liability, punishment, judicial forgeries, non-judicial forgeries, legal consequences
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
В.И. Ленин. Полн. Собр. Соч.
2.
Сенявская Е.С. Человек на войне: опыт историко-психологической характеристики российского комбатанта. // Отечественная история.1995.№3. С.7.
3.
«Важно содержание: свобода слова, мысли, веры»: Из дневников В.И. Вернадского 1922-1925 гг. Архив РАН. Волков В. П. // Исторический архив.1996. № 5-6. С. 109.
4.
Письмо Г.В. Валентинову Х.К. Раковского от 2-6 августа 1928г. Вопросы истории. 1989. № 12.
5.
Каутский К. Терроризм и коммунизм // Полис. 1992. № 2. С. 186.
6.
Восленский М.С. Номенклатура. Господствующий класс Советского Союза. М., 1991.
7.
X съезд РКП (б): Стенограф. Отчет. М. 1922. С. 33.
8.
П. Сорокин. Человек. Цивилизация. Общество. М.: Политиздат. 1992.
9.
Государственный архив РФ (ГАРФ). Ф. 1235. Оп.61. Д.223. Л.18, 24, 80, 139.
10.
Российский государственный архив социально-политической истории (РГАСПИ). Ф. 17.
11.
Правда. 28 октября 1920 года.
12.
Государственный архив общественно-политической истории Воронежской области (ГАОПИВО).
13.
Государственный архив общественно-политической истории Тамбовской области (ЦДНИТО).
14.
XII съезд РКП (б). 17 – 26 апреля 1923 года. Стенограф. Отчет. М.: Госиздат. 1923. С. 78.
15.
Известия ВЦИК. 1920, № 20
16.
Объявления НКЮ. 1921. 10 мая. № 7-9.
17.
Государственный архив Тамбовской области (ГАТО). Ф. Р-648. Оп 1. Д. 44. Л.43
18.
Бухарин Н.И. К вопросу о троцкизме. // За ленинизм. М.; Л., 1932. С. 30.
19.
Еженедельник Советской Юстиции. 1927. № 15; № 33
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website