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Review of some documents reflecting the activities of women's and children's public organizations in the 1990s, against the background of the transition from the protection of motherhood and childhood to the protection of women's and children's rights in Russian politics

Likhodey Elena Maksimovna

ORCID: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-8588-4938

Postgraduate student, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU)

119991, Russia, Moskva, g. Moscow, ul. Lomonosovskii Prospekt, 27/4

LikhodeyEM@spa.msu.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2022.6.36919

EDN:

GLUJWW

Review date:

21-11-2021


Publish date:

02-07-2022


Abstract: The article is an overview of some documents reflecting the activities of two public organizations dealing with women's issues, and one leading activities in the field of children's issues in the 1990s in Russia. The study of documents of public organizations of that period becomes particularly relevant when studying the transition in the country's policy from the protection of motherhood and childhood to the protection of the rights of women and children, since the activities of such organizations reflect the problems that existed in society. Public organizations were often associated with state authorities, political parties or other political associations, as their representatives actively participated in the activities of the former. In this regard, the study of policy formation in this issue is impossible without studying the activities of public organizations. The article, divided into two semantic headings, examines the goals and objectives of public organizations, the agenda of events held by them, resolutions adopted, possible ways to solve public problems that form the vision of the situation by representatives of public organizations. The scientific novelty of the presented article is determined by the fact that in order to write it, the author managed to attract a range of sources stored in the department of non-traditional press of the SPIB of Russia, and to highlight the activities of public organizations in conjunction with the history of the development of some problems in women's and children's issues in Russian politics, reflected in the documents of public organizations. In addition to these sources, periodical press data and memoirs of the participants of the described events, published by themselves, were also used. The conducted research made it possible to make additions to the process of policy formation in the women's and children's issues in the 1990s from the point of view of history. The results of the research can be used in the preparation of courses on the history of Russia, special courses on the history of state and law, when writing textbooks and textbooks.


Keywords: history of politics, domestic policy, social history, children's organizations, women's organizations, women's movement, public organizations, children's rights, social policy, state policy
This article is automatically translated. You can find full text of article in Russian here.

In the early 1990s, in Russia, against the background of political and socio-economic reforms that led to the renewal of the political structure and society of the country, the process of transition from the institution of maternity and childhood protection to the protection of the rights of women and children began. Within the framework of the Institute for the Protection of motherhood and Childhood, which prevailed in the early 1990s, a woman was viewed primarily as a mother, which influenced her participation in the life and activities of society. As a mother, she was limited in her choice of preschool and school institutions due to their insufficient number, which affected her ability to get a job. As a woman, she encountered a number of difficulties when applying for a job. First of all, concerning the fact that often her level of education or professional training did not meet the required. At the same time, she could not reach the required level due to certain problems in the organization of vocational training, retraining and advanced training of women[1]. If she was employed, she faced problems in moving up the career ladder, receiving equal wages compared to men[2]. A number of spheres remained practically inaccessible to women, such as the political sphere[3]. In connection with what was happening in the press, it was noted that "the issues of labor, life, and social protection of women were not only not resolved, but not even raised"[4]. The child was inextricably linked with the mother, so any attempt to improve the situation of one of them was solved in conjunction with the improvement of the situation of the other.

The activities of women's public organizations on the example of the "Russian Union of Rural Women" and the All-Russian Women's Union

In the women's issue, the beginning of changes was initiated by pressure from the female population. From the numerous discussions heard in interviews, articles of periodicals, speeches by members of state authorities in the late 1980s and early 1990s, a woman's desire to become part of the human rights system, to gain greater access to participation in the public and political life of the country, and to participate in it on a parity basis with a man, to move away from the traditional perception of it within the framework of the Institute for the Protection of Motherhood and Childhood, to raise the issue of setting up social protection for women. As a result, various kinds of public organizations began to appear. They were engaged in defending human rights, providing humanitarian assistance, charity, educational activities, and promoting women in government structures at the local, regional and federal levels. As a result, at the end of the decade, in 1999, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered about 650 women's associations[5]. In general, there were about 15 thousand women's associations in the country[6]. Among them: the All-Russian Socio-political Movement of Women of Russia, the Women's League, the Union of Women of Russia, the Union of Women of the Navy, the Association "Women for a future without AIDS", the Association "Family Planning", the Confederation of Business Women, the Association of Women Entrepreneurs of Russia, the Union of Women of the Border, etc.

The first of many problems in the field of women's issues in the 1990s was the problem of improving the status of women in rural areas. In the early 1990s, the Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR on Women's Affairs, Family Protection, Motherhood and Childhood, headed by E.F. Lakhova, proposed measures to improve the status of women, family, maternity and childhood protection in rural areas[7], which became the first step in raising the issue of social protection of women. E.F. Lakhova insisted on the fact that, first of all, it is necessary to improve the situation of women in the village, since the life of a woman from the village is burdened with exorbitant loads, long working hours, work with pesticides in the field or greenhouse. The situation was aggravated by the low quality or lack of medical care and the lack of alternative work in the village[8]. A number of state and scientific organizations took part in the preparation of the project. At the same time, E.F. Lakhova said that this resolution could not reverse the situation, since it would require huge funds, which were not available at that time, a radical change in legislation and "breaking psychological stereotypes"[9]. Nevertheless, the proposed measures after their implementation, according to the head of the Committee, E.F. Lakhova, "earned quite well"[10] in different regions of the country. As stated in the certificate on the implementation of the resolution, it was carried out "satisfactorily", but mainly in the regions where the majority of profitable enterprises, collective farms, state farms and farms were located. The unsatisfactory implementation of the resolution consisted in the fact that things were not so good at low-profit, unprofitable enterprises, in budgetary institutions. The situation was aggravated by the lack of measures of economic responsibility of farms, disciplinary and material responsibility of their managers for the state of health of working women. This resulted in the fact that the monthly allowance in the amount of the minimum wage for child care was not fully paid until they reached the age of three; the issues of issuing a one-time lump-sum maternity leave allowance to pregnant women were not always resolved in a timely manner; there were difficulties in transferring pregnant women employed in crop production and animal husbandry to light labor from- due to the lack of personnel and specialized sites at enterprises; an additional day off per month without pay and a 36-hour week were not provided everywhere; not all farms provided free food to pregnant women and nursing mothers produced by these farms; there were facts when women continued to work with pesticides, pesticides and disinfectants in harmful industries and heavy work; construction loans issued to young families at the expense of farms were not fully reimbursed[11]. Thus, despite the measures taken, the problems remained.

Subsequently, this issue was taken up by the "Russian Union of Rural Women", established on January 31, 1998, and registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation on June 5, 1998. The Agrarian Party of Russia and the All-Russian Public Fund "Russian Peasant Fund" acted as the founding organizations of the RSSJ. In total, there were 51 regional offices in the country. N.P. Gorbova was appointed Chairman. The main goals of the "Russian Union of Rural Women" were to contribute to the elimination of economic and social discrimination of the peasantry by the state and society; to improve the working and living conditions of rural women; to protect the rights of motherhood and childhood; to preserve traditional Russian moral values and restore their determining importance in the upbringing of the younger generation; to strengthen the family and protect the worthy position of women in it; restoration and protection of rural education, health and culture; increasing the social role and social significance of rural women[12].

The Union organized various events to achieve its goals. One of such events was, for example, the All-Russian Congress of Rural Women, held on December 2, 1999. The congress was attended by the Government of the Russian Federation, the Agrarian Party, the electoral bloc "Fatherland all Russia", deputies of the State Duma, environmentalists, directors of educational institutions and museums, participants of the farm, members of district councils, students, etc. (The preliminary list of speakers at the AllRussian Congress of Rural Women is Appendix No. 1). The event was opened by an appeal of the Government of the Russian Federation to the participants (Appeal of the Government of the Russian Federation on December 2, 1999 No. 5899p-P12 "To the Participants of the AllRussian Congress of Rural Women" Appendix No. 2), and an appeal to the President and the Government of the Russian Federation (Appeal to the President and the Government of the Russian Federation - Appendix No. 3), and a concert following the congress (The composition of the participants of the concert of the AllRussian Congress of Rural Women - Appendix No. 4).

The objectives of the Congress were:

1. Attracting the attention of state, public, and commercial structures to the problems of rural residents, in order to combine efforts to achieve more effective participation in solving the problems of the revival of the Russian village.

2. Providing an opportunity for women leaders from rural areas to speak about the social problems of the village (education, health, unemployment, etc.), about the need to strengthen the influence of women on the political situation in the country.

3. Development of proposals for solving socio-economic problems of the village.

4. Adoption of an appeal to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and rural residents.

5. Popularization of the idea of the "Fatherland All Russia" electoral bloc as a political force "contributing to the improvement of the socio-political situation in Russia."

6. Creation of a permanent working structure to continue work on expanding business contacts between congress participants and attracting new partners, as well as preparing the 2nd Congress and other similar events[13].

Thus, it is difficult to talk about the direct impact of the Union's activities on solving the problem of improving the status of women in rural areas, but we can say that thanks to the Union's activities, after an attempt to resolve this issue in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, it continued to remain in the focus of political attention.

Another problem in the women's issue was the issue of increasing the role of women in the political sphere. In the summer of 1996, the President of the Russian Federation B.N. Yeltsin took up this issue in the system of federal state authorities and state authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation[14]. The Head of State then instructed to consider the possibility of introducing a minimum quota for women to fill public positions in the federal civil service[15], which was a reflection of similar proposals by women who actively sounded in the period from 1991 to 1996. The press wrote about this issue: "At all levels of the social hierarchy, a woman was removed from any lists. There were 5% women in the Supreme Soviet of Russia, 0.8% in Moscow. There has been a sharp drop in the representation of women in all public authorities from bottom to top"[16]. In the article "Muscovites" "Democracy minus a woman is not democracy" from June 1991, it was pointed out that "during the years of the "turning point", women's representation in all government institutions without exception not only did not expand, but, on the contrary, sharply decreased from bottom to top"[17]. "Look at our Supreme Council 4.7% of the deputies are women in it. You look into the hall jackets and ties and you will look from row to row for a long time until you find a woman's face. There are no women among deputy prime ministers, there is only one female minister..... in Russia, the removal of women from political affairs will melt away"[18] - said M.M. Nazmetdinova.

In order to overcome the current situation, women offered two options for action. The first option was proposed by M.N. Rakhmanova and assumed the creation of a women's parliament or a women's chamber in the structure of the Union parliament[19]. In order for "a reasonable, sober voice of a woman to legitimately sound at the level of politics," it was proposed to include 5-7 professionally trained, erudite, statesmanlike, well-established women, and first of all lawyers, economists, sociologists, from the republics, in the proposed chamber. It was assumed that in future elections to the women's parliament, the candidates would be chosen on an alternative basis, competing with each other. They were supposed to be the best female minds in the country. It was pointed out the need for a women's depoliticized newspaper publishing company, new newspapers and magazines not only for women or for everyone, but the main thing is that they brought up through a female vision the human element in people lost in political battles [20]. S.V. Polenina and M.M. Nazmetdinova proposed to establish female quotas in state and public structures within the framework of which alternative elections will be held[21].

The activity of the All-Russian Women's Union was addressed to this problem. On June 22, 1999, he held a reporting and election conference in Moscow. The co-chairs of the union were A.V. Aparina and S.P. Goryacheva. The members of the Presidium included the Chairman of the State Duma Committee, deputies of the State Duma, chairmen of the regional RO OOD "VZHS", Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, etc. (The composition of the Presidium of the Reporting and Election Conference of the OOD "All-Russian Women's Union" Appendix No. 5). Commissions and departments were organized within the framework of the conference. Participants of the regional branches of the All-Russian Women's Union were involved in their activities (The composition of the Mandate Commission, the Counting Commission, the Editorial Commission and the Secretariat of the Reporting and Election Conference of the OOD "AllRussian Women's Union" - Appendix 6, 7, 8, 9). The agenda was worked out at the conference (The agenda of the Reporting and Election Conference of the OOD "AllRussian Women's Union" - Appendix No. 10). As a result of the conference, a resolution was adopted that defined the main directions of the union's activities: uniting the efforts of all national patriotic forces and their supporters to restore, ensure and protect the legitimate rights and interests of women and the younger generation; ensuring full stimulation of women's representation in all structures of state power and local self-government; organization of feasible targeted material, moral, psychological and legal assistance to those in need of social protection; restoration of women's councils, friendly courts, public commissions for minors, etc.; organizational strengthening of the Union, creation of city, district and primary organizations at the place of residence[22]. In addition, the Board of the Union was given the task of organizing work on the preparation and approval of the Program of the All-Russian Women's Union and it was decided to appeal to the leaders of parties and political movements that are members of the People's Patriotic Union of Russia to ensure broad representation of women in the State Duma of the Russian Federation, legislative (representative) bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation, local self-government bodies[23]. Thus, the role of a public organization is traced in supporting the discussion of the introduction of quotas for women to fill public positions, which began to sound in 1991, which served as a catalyst for further changes. Later in the State Duma, the idea arose of the need to develop a concept of legislative activity to ensure equal rights of men and women and equal opportunities for their implementation, which suggests that this problem has reached the legislative bodies, and thus there was a possibility of its resolution, which subsequently focused the Government's activities. Moreover, there was talk of creating a society of equal opportunities, where a woman could achieve legal, social, political and economic equality.

Activities of children's public organizations on the example of the Movement "In Defense of Childhood"

At the time of the organization of the Movement "In Defense of Childhood", changes had already taken place due to the ratification by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989. The child, according to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, began to be perceived as a human being endowed with rights that should be protected. Many articles of the Convention directly reflected the problems of Russian society in the early 1990s: an increase in the number of sales of orphaned children abroad, a reduction in the number of educational institutions and boarding schools for disabled children, the lack of a sufficient number of preschool institutions, etc. The attention of the Movement was drawn to these problems. The movement "In Defense of Childhood" is an interregional public organization whose main goal is "to try to resist the collapse of the public education system, to fight against conditions that cause moral, spiritual and physical impoverishment of the younger generation, and, on the contrary, to do everything possible to promote the establishment of normal living conditions for all children without exception, the creative development of young people, the comprehensive disclosure of their their abilities, the education of high human qualities and a firm civic position"[24]. The movement began to form at the end of 1992 and was registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation in April 1994 . The Movement included teachers and educators, representatives of children's and youth organizations, cultural figures, doctors, parents. Various issues related to the life of the younger generation were in the field of view of the DZD: the state of public education, the system of extracurricular education, children's recreation, social orphanhood, lack of spirituality and a decline in morality, the loss of high and good goals, child crime[25].

The objectives of the movement were:

1. Countering the collapse of the public education system, establishing normal living conditions for all children, creative development and disclosure of children's abilities, educating them of high human qualities and a firm civic position.

2. Appeal to all schools, children's institutions, and to everyone who is related to the education, upbringing and protection of children's health, help them to realize the need and opportunity to act effectively.

3. "Speaking for the reorientation of the country to the socialist path of development, the revival of the USSR and the power of the Soviets"; in order to promote this, the Movement took part in political activities, "based on the impossibility in the current conditions to radically solve the main problems of child protection"[26].

The primary tasks of parliamentary and extra-parliamentary work were divided into subgroups.

In the field of preschool education, the tasks were a significant reduction in fees for preschool education of children at the expense of budget allocations (up to free maintenance); the return of the methodology of continuity of education in the nursery kindergarten school system.

In the field of school education:repeal of Article 43 of the Constitution; financing of education in the amount of at least 10% of the expenditure part of the federal budget; equalization of the remuneration system in public and private schools; return to schools of public organizations;implementation of a moratorium on the privatization of children's educational institutions with a further ban on the privatization of such; teaching history according to domestic textbooks with an undistorted representation of history; separation of schools from the church.

In the field of extracurricular education:support of children's organizations, associations, clubs of social and social orientation; termination of commercialization of children's institutions; return of premises to all children's institutions; revival of the work of organizers of classes with children and adolescents at the place of residence;exemption of organizations working with children and adolescents from rent of occupied premises and payment of utilities;repair of premises occupied by children's and adolescent organizations, as well as providing material and technical assistance to centers for work with children and adolescents at the expense of the state, prefectures and municipal district administrations.

In terms of spiritual and cultural development:the return of Soviet culture, the ideals of humanism, social justice, and Soviet patriotism to television;urgent adoption by the State Duma of the law on the protection of children's morality;establishment on TV of an authorized supervisory board of reputable teachers and cultural figures;return to TV and cinema;ensuring free access to the TV screen of the best works of Russian cinema;prohibition of alcohol and tobacco advertising on all TV programs; restoration of the film distribution system, ensuring their functioning at affordable prices for the mass audience with the demonstration of works of authentic cinema art on the screen;state support for various ways of introducing children and youth to various types of culture and art, in particular, the implementation of the idea of creating a video textbook for children and youth based on the masterpieces of Russian cinema.

In the field of family support:protecting children from the threat of hunger and impoverishment, regardless of the financial situation of the family; implementing a set of measures to support low-income families.

In the field of medicine and children's health:free medical care and mandatory periodic medical examination of all children; establishing universal order in the preferential provision of medicines for disabled children and children with chronic diseases; providing cheap and high-quality school meals for children; restoring the system of sports schools and mass sports sections on a free basis; providing affordable mass vacation for schoolchildren.

In addition, it was pointed out that the problems of social orphanhood, child homelessness, child crime and many others require the development of special sets of measures[27].

The movement was also supported by the State Duma Committee on Women, Family and Youth Affairs, which proposed a bill "On Amendments and Additions to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation", aimed at strengthening criminal liability for moral molestation, sexual abuse and exploitation of minors (2002)[28].

During its activity, the movement organized a number of events: the Movement "In Defense of Childhood, the organization of the Moscow Union (RKRP-PKK, VKPB, RCP-CPSU) and the CPSU march and rallies (June 1)[29]; City-wide parent meeting of Sverdlovsk-Yekaterinburg on 1905 square against paid school education, 2001[30]; Rally dedicated to the International Children's Day "Motherland, save your children", 1998 (demands: resignation of the president and the abolition of his post, resignation of the government, the country's transition to the socialist path development, the revival of Soviet power, "the only one able to take care of the fate of all the children of the country without exception")[31]; Conference "Morality and the younger generation", April 12, 1998 (aspects: social environment and morality today; ways of forming and protecting the morality of the younger generation; cardinal salvation of morality in the transition of society to the socialist path of development)[32]; All-Russian action "Let's save children from television" (Moscow-Leningrad-Irkutsk-Chita), March 8, 1997[33]; Conference "Children of the Street", April 12, 1997 [34]; Annual conference "We are responsible for the future", April 13-14, 1996 (questions: children and the financial situation of the family, the state of the public education system, art and education of the younger generation, the role of pedagogical science in the public education system, modern children's social movement, children and crime, problems of pediatrics, extracurricular, including preschool, education, children's recreation, military-patriotic work with teenagers, the younger generation and the political structure of society, the tasks of DDT in today's conditions, etc.)[35]; Round table "History of the XX century in school teaching", April 14, 1996, Moscow[36]; All-Russian Conference on Childhood Problems, March 26, 1995[37].

The movement also issued documents such as: Children in the millstones of reforms (dry figures of official statistics the year 1995, then - more ...)[38]; Children in the millstones of reforms 1996-1997[39]; Children in the millstones of reforms 1997-1998[40]; Children in the millstones of reforms 1998-1999[41]; Children in the millstones of reforms. 10 years later ...[42]; Children in the millstones of reforms at the beginning of the third millennium ...[43]; Children in the millstones of reforms. To sum up, the year is 2002[44]. The purpose of the documents was to sanctify the situation with children in the country, from the point of view of the movement. When compiling them, statistical data were used taken from the data of state reports "On the situation of children in the Russian Federation" prepared by the Ministry of Social Protection, the Ministry of Labor and Social Development, reports from Parliamentary hearings in 2002, data from the "Independent Report of the Russian Children's Fund" "Children of Russia on the threshold of the XXI Century" in 2000, data from publicthe political journal of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation "Russian Federation Today", press materials for 1998-1999, presented by the Russian Children's Fund in a special issue "The White Book of Childhood in Russia", etc. Thus, based on the fact of the existing activity of the movement, we can talk about the continued existence of problems and the kind of problems in the children's issue in the 1990s.

Thus, based on the submitted documents on the activities of public organizations in women's and children's issues, it can be said that the activities of such organizations in some cases could influence the search for solutions to the problems prevailing in society, in other cases it could perform at least an informational function for contemporaries and for researchers of the period, but in any case, the study of documents of public organizations seems to be an important part of the study of the process of developing and implementing policies on women's and children's issues.

applications

Appendix No. 1

Preliminary list of speakers at the All-Russian Congress of Rural Women

1. Primakov Evgeny Maksimovich Leader of the Fatherland All Russia electoral bloc

2. Lapshin Mikhail Ivanovich Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Agrarian Party of Russia

3. Kulik Gennady Vasilyevich Member of the Board of the Central Council of the Agrarian Party of Russia

4. Lakhova Ekaterina Filippovna Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the All-Russian socio-political movement "Women of Russia"

5. Arkhipova Lyudmila Mikhailovna foreman of animal husbandry of the state farm "Industrial" of Biysk district, Altai Krai

6. Borodina Lyubov Alexandrovna Master of industrial training of the state farm-technical college Biysk of the Altai Territory

7. Guz Alla Leonidovna Director of the Plant Protection Station of the Republic of Adygea

8. Zoya Mikhailovna Komazenok Chairman of the Ivanovo Regional Committee of the Trade Union of Agricultural Workers, Chairman of the regional organization of the Russian Agricultural Association

9. Korneva Zoya Alekseevna Chairman of the Trade Union Committee of JSC Belgorod Dairy Plant

10. Lopaeva Lidiya Andreevna Head of the Social Security Department of the Omsk district, Omsk region

11. Miroshkina Stella Markovna Honored Ecologist of the Russian Federation, head of the environmental movement in rural schools of the Leningrad region

12. Svetlana Orlova Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Tax Legislation, audit legislation, accounting and Finance, Statistics of the Committee on Budget, Taxes, Banks and Finance

13. Anna Ochkina student of the N.P. Ogarev Agricultural Institute of the Republic of Mordovia

14. Pevgova Laura Vladimirovna director of the gymnasium school No. 10. Veliky Ustyug, Vologda region

15. Romanova Olga Nikolaevna Poultry worker of JSC "Prigorskoe" Smolensk district, Smolensk region

16. Skorokhodova Svetlana Vyacheslavovna Chairman of the RSSJ of the Republic of Adygea

17. Stepanova Tatiana Ivanovna Director of the Suslov House of Culture of the Mariinsky district of the Kemerovo region

18. Tarasova Alexandra Mitrievna member of the District Council of the Russian Agricultural Academy of Stupinsky district, Moscow region, Chairman of the Knowledge Society

19. Tyurina Tatiana Vitalievna Head of the Department of the regional Administration for Youth Affairs, Chairman of the Amur regional organization of the RSSJ

20. Natalia Pavlovna Khloshcheva Head of the farm, Honored Worker of agriculture, mother of 11 children

21. Holbobaeva Lola Aleksandrovna Chairman of the Voronezh Regional Organization of the RSSJ

22. Lidiya Alexandrovna Chudnova Director of the V.M. Shukshin Museum, Srostki village, Biysk district, Altai Krai[45]

Appendix No. 2

Government of the Russian Federation No. 5899p-P12 on December 2, 1999

Participants of the All-Russian Congress of Rural Women

Dear participants of the Congress!

On behalf of the Government of the Russian Federation and on my own behalf, I cordially welcome the participants of the All-Russian Congress of Rural Women.

Your project is devoted to extremely important problems of socio-economic reconstruction of the village, the revival of spirituality and morality in the life of the Russian village.

The rise of agriculture in Russia is the key to the prosperity of the entire economy of the country. The role of rural workers in this is great. Women also provide medical care, the work of educational institutions, culture, communications, and services in rural areas. Their hard work and patience, energy and determination, interest in the well-being and strengthening of the family are invaluable.

The Government of the Russian Federation understands the need for rapid stabilization of the situation in agriculture and will take all measures to create conditions for its sustainable development, improving the standard of living of rural residents.

I am confident that the congress will become an important stage in uniting the efforts of rural women to achieve their more effective participation in solving the tasks of the revival of the Russian countryside.

I wish the Congress participants success in their work, health and well-being.

Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation V. Matvienko[46]

Appendix No. 3

Appeal to the President and the Government of the Russian Federation

Nowadays, in an environment of economic crisis and falling morals, children are deprived of the necessary state care and public attention. There is a widespread violation of Article 7 of the Constitution of Russia that the state policy is aimed at creating conditions that ensure a decent life and free human development, and 15 paragraphs of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Parental egoism prevails in many families, and teacher authoritarianism prevails in most schools.

The age-old foundations of society are being destroyed. Children are involved in the criminal world, begging, alcoholism, drug addiction, debauchery. Inhumane treatment pushes tens of thousands of teenagers to escape from their families, orphanages and boarding schools. The number of street children has exceeded 3 million. Nine out of ten children in boarding schools have parents deprived of parental rights. The number of child suicides, child prostitution, and child trafficking is growing. The state is limited to declarations, without paying even the meager funds allocated for children's programs and benefits. The educational reform has stopped at half measures, and its implementation often violates the elementary rights of the child.

Not appeals and appeals, but joint painstaking purposeful work will stop the impending disaster. To do this, it is necessary to immediately return to the children everything that was taken away from them in violation of their rights to a full and harmonious childhood.

We propose to take the first step in this direction and start by returning children to their children's institutions: former Pioneer Homes, Creative Centers, nurseries, kindergartens and sanatoriums, rest camps, children's cinemas, etc. This will make it possible to restore the constitutional rights of the child and begin implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Let every child know the joy of life and pass it on to a new generation![47]

Appendix No. 4

The composition of the participants of the concert of the All-Russian Congress of Rural Women

1. People's Artist of the USSR Lyudmila Zykina

2. Felix Tsarikati

3. Nikolay Bandurin and Mikhail Vashukov

4. Honored Artist of Russia Valentina Sabantseva

5. People's Artist of Russia Eduard Lobkovsky

6. The "Chance Meeting" group

7. Evgeny Khokhlov Vinokur Theater, "Full House" program

8. People's Artist of Russia Leonid Serebrennikov

9. People's Artist of the USSR Lev Durov

10. People's Artist of Russia Lyudmila Lyadova

11. Nikolay Sakhorov theater and film actor

12. Folk vocal and choreographic ensemble "Belogorye" (Belgorod region)

13. The concert host is Oleg Marusev[48]

Appendix No. 5

Composition of the Presidium

Reporting and election conference of the OOD "All-Russian Women's Union"

1. Aparina Alevtina Viktorovna Chairman of the Committee of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Co-Chairman of the OOD "VZHS"

2. Svetlana V. Andrushko Chairman of the Omsk RO OOD "VZHS"

3. Goryacheva Svetlana Petrovna Deputy Chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Co-Chairman of the OOD "VZHS"

4. Gigolaeva Zarifa Nikolaevna Chairman of the RO of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania

5. Dudko Evgeniya Fedorovna Chairman of the Moscow RO OOD "VZHS"

6. Zyuganov Gennady Andreevich Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Chairman of the NPSR, Head of the Communist Party faction in the State Duma of the Russian Federation

7. Ivanova Svetlana Vasilyevna Chairman of the Sakhalin RO OOD "VZHS"

8. Isupova Nina Alexandrovna member of the Volgograd RO OOD "VZHS"

9. Kosheva Violetta Konstantinovna Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Co-Chairman of the OOD "VZHS"

10. Evgeniya Leonidovna Maltseva Chairman of the RO of the Republic of Udmurtia

11. Oleinik Lyubov Vasilyevna Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, member of the Board of the OOD "VZHS"

12. Savitskaya Svetlana Evgenievna Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Co-Chairman of the OOD "VZHS"

13. Safonova Nadezhda Ignatievna Chairman of the Krasnoyarsk RO OOD "VZHS"

14. Seleznev Gennady Nikolaevich Chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Federation

15. Sokolova Nina Ivanovna Chairman of the Moscow regional OOD "VZHS"

16. Maria V. Utenkova Chairman of the Smolensk RO OOD "VZHS"

17. Fitisova Lyudmila Sergeevna Chairman of the Bryansk RO OOD "VZHS"

18. Khoroshevskaya Alexandra Pavlovna Chairman of the RO of the Republic of Dagestan

19. Shvets Lyubov Nikitichna Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, member of the Board of the OOD "VZHS"

20. Shipitsyna Irina Viktorovna Chairman of the Ivanovo RO OOD "VZHS"

21. Yakovleva Nina Dmitrievna Chairman of the Patriotic Union of Women, Moscow[49]

Appendix No. 6

List of the Mandate Commission

Reporting and election Conference of the OOD "All-Russian Women's Union"

1. Dudko Evgeniya Fedorovna delegate from the Moscow Regional office

2. Lydia A. Savelyeva delegate from the Tula Regional Office

3. Alexandrova Tamara Gertsevna Delegate from the St. Petersburg Regional Office

4. Morenova Galina Nikolaevna delegate from the Penza regional office

5. Yusupova Napsat Baudinovna delegate from the Chechen regional branch

6. Perfilieva Svetlana Aleksandrovna delegate from the Irkutsk Regional office

7. Dagmara Sergeevna Mironova delegate from the regional branch of the Altai Territory[50]

Appendix No. 7

Composition of the Counting Commission

Reporting and election Conference of the OOD "All-Russian Women's Union"

1. Tsvetkova Galina Vasilyevna delegate from the Vologda Regional Office

2. Mikhailova Vera Nikolaevna delegate from the Vladimir regional branch

3. Mashkova Galina Nikolaevna delegate from the Yaroslavl regional office

4. Zoya Dmitrievna Yezerskaya Delegate from the regional branch of the Moscow region Chairman of the Counting Commission

5. Safonova Nadezhda Ignatievna delegate from the Krasnoyarsk regional branch[51]

Appendix No. 8

Editorial Committee

Reporting and election Conference of the OOD "All-Russian Women's Union"

1. Lyubov Nikitichna Shvets delegate of the Novosibirsk regional branch, Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Candidate of Economics.

2. Svetlana V. Ivanova Delegate of the Sakhalin Regional Branch

3. Natalia Petrovna Muravyeva Delegate from the Astrakhan Regional Office Chairman of the Mandate Commission

4. Sidorova Tatiana Vasilyevna delegate from the Novgorod Regional office

5. Yulia Alexandrovna Zarina Delegate from the Tver Regional Branch

6. Smolina Ksenia Pavlovna Delegate from the Moscow Regional Department, Professor of the Moscow Pedagogical University

7. Ermakova Olga Dmitrievna delegate from the regional branch of the Moscow region[52]

Appendix No. 9

Composition of the Secretariat

Reporting and election conference of the OOD "All-Russian Women's Union"

1. Bogoslavskaya Albina Valeryevna delegate from the Patriotic Union of Women

2. Goncharova Nadezhda Petrovna member of the Board of the organization "Women of the Moscow region"

3. Sabirova Svetlana Zayatdievna assistant to the deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation[53]

Appendix No. 10

The agenda

Reporting and election conference of the OOD "All-Russian Women's Union"

1. Report on the work of the Board of the OOD "VZHS"

Speaker: A.V. Aparina, Co-Chairman of the OOD "VZHS".

2. About the tasks of the regional offices of the VZHS to participate in election campaigns

Speaker: Co-Chair of the OOD "VZHS" Goryacheva S.P.

3. Report of the Audit Commission of the OOD "VZHS"

Speaker: Chairman of the Audit Commission Yakovleva N.D.

4. On amendments and additions to the Charter of the OOD "VZHS"

Speaker: V.K. Kosheva, Co-Chairman of the movement.

5. Election of the governing bodies of the movement and the Audit Commission

6. Adoption of final documents (appeals, statements) of the reporting and election conference[54]



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