Статья ' Предметы ислама и доисламских верований башкир в собрании Музея археологии и этнографии ИЭИ УФИЦ РАН ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

The items of Islam and pre-Islamic beliefs of the Bashkirs in collection of the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography of the Institute of Ethnological Research of the Ufa Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Khasanova Zifa Faritovna

PhD in History

Scientific Associate, Institute of Ethnological Research of the Ufa Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of  Sciences

450076, Russia, respublika Bashkortostan, g. Ufa, ul. K. Marksa, 6




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Abstract: The subject of this research is museum sources on the religion of Bashkir people. The goal lies in examination of the items of Islam and pre-Islamic beliefs from the ethnographic collections of the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography of R. G. Kuzeev Institute of Ethnological Research of the Ufa Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It is determined that the Museum stores over 50 items related to religion that were collected in the late XX century in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Kurgan Oblast, and Orenburg Oblast. These Islamic (Sunni Muslims) items are rather associated with the traditions and lifestyle of the Bashkir people: prayer rugs – namazlik, Quran, tasbih, tagiyah, ablution items – kumgan, dress of the Mullah. Prayer rugs are decorated with floral embroidery, with images of mosque, kumgan, crescent moon, and Arabic inscription. The collections also feature the items related to Shia Muslims – a stone used in prayer. Islam first infiltrated Bashkir culture in the X – XI centuries; by the XIII – XIV century it spread significantly; strengthening its positions with each century, it has fully integrated into life of Bashkir population by the end of the XIX century. Despite this fact, certain items pre-Islamic beliefs have retained in everyday life of the Bashkir people: amulets (amulet stones, juniper, feathers of wood grouse, goose down, etc.). Bashkirs were able to synthesize the pre-Islamic and Islamic tradition, which remain existing harmoniously in the territory of the Republic of Bashkortostan.

Keywords: prayer mats, pre-Islamic beliefs, charms, museum collections, Bashkirs, religion, Islam, clergyman's clothes, rosary, Koran
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Башкирские нагрудные украшения из кораллов и монет/ Сост. Н.Г. Рутто. – Уфа: ЦЭИ УНЦ РАН: Информреклама, 2006. 92 с.: ил.
ГалиеваФ.Г., Садиков Р.Р., Петров И.Г., Нечвалода Е.Е., Хасанова З.Ф. Коллекции Музея археологии и этнографии по этнографии народов Башкортостана// Известия Уфимского научного центра РАН. 2018. № 3, С.113-124.
Музей археологии и этнографии: Каталог музейной экспозиции Центра этнологических исследований Уфимского научного центра РАН / Ответ. ред. А.Б. Юнусова. Уфа: ЦЭИ УНЦ РАН. 2007. 211 с.
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