Статья 'Советы рабочих, крестьянских, солдатских депутатов в докладной записке Е.Г. Герасимова (Герасина) 14 июня 1918 г.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Soviets of Workers', Peasants', and Soldiers' Deputies in memorandum of E. G. Gerasimov (Gerasin) of June 14, 1918

Akimova Tatiana Mikhailovna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of State Legal Disciplines, Vladimir Law Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service

600020, Russia, Vladimirskaya oblast', g. Vladimir, ul. Bol'shaya Array Nizhegorodskaya, 67-E

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Abstract: This article discusses the a memorandum of the member of the Control and Audit Committee under the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs – Efim Grigorievich Gerasimov (Gerasin). Having supported the socialist movement and subsequently the February and October Revolutions of 1917 since his youth years, the author of the document has analyzed the system of Soviets of Workers', Soldiers 'and Peasants' Deputies that established on the local level in late 1917 – early 1918 and gradually replaced the county self-government. The value of the source lies in the fact that the author of self-censorship revealed the flaws of the new local government, having expressed the concern that they may lead to a civil war in the country. E. G. Gerasimov (Gerasin) dedicated particular attention to the problem of dialogue between the Soviet deputies and central government, and proposed to institute the post of special emergency mediators for controlling the execution of all provisions and “encourage” the representatives of the Soviets. The conclusion is made that the elimination of the existing flaws required the so-called “democratic centralism” in Russia, which suggested the combination of electivity of local administration along with the governing and supervisory power of the central administration. In this regard, the content of the document allows taking a look at the Soviets of Workers', Peasants', and Soldiers’ Deputies through the prism of a person who worked in that system, without idealization or “touchup”.

Keywords: historical source, October Revolution, NKVD, Memorandum, Control and Audit Commission, democratic centralism, Gerasimov-Gerasin, Councils, socialism, local government
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Gerasimov (Gerasin) Efim Grigor'evich: Anketa otvetstvennogo rabotnika narkomnatsa // Krasovitskaya T.Yu. Natsional'nye elity kak sotsiokul'turnyi fenomen sovetskoi gosudarstvennosti (oktyabr' 1917–1923 g.): Dokumenty i materialy. – M., 2007. – [Elektronnyi resurs.] – URL: http://docs.historyrussia.org/ru/nodes/85769-gerasimov-gerasim-efim-gri-gorievich-anketa-otvetstvennogo-rabotnika-narkomnatsa – Data obrashcheniya 01.10.2021.
Gerasimov (Gerasin) Efim Grigor'evich: Kommentarii // Krasovitskaya T.Yu. Tam zhe. – [Elektronnyi resurs.] – URL: http://docs.historyrussia.org/ru/nodes/86107-gerasimov-gerasin-efim-grigorievich-kommentariy – Data obrashcheniya 01.10.2021.
Gershberg S.R. Demokraticheskii tsentralizm // Filosofskaya Entsiklopediya / Pod redaktsiei F.V. Konstantinova: V 5 t. – M., – 1960–1970. – T. 1. – 504 s.
Dokladnaya zapiska chlena kontrol'no-revizionnoi komissii pri NKVD Efima Grigor'evicha Gerasimova (Gerasina) 14 iyunya 1918 g. (GARF. F. R-393. Op. 2. D. 129. L. 12–15).
Skorkin K.V. Struktura NKVD RSFSR: 1917–1930: Spravochnik. – M., 2011. – [Elektronnyi resurs.] – URL: http://skorkin.nablawiki.ru/NKVD_RF/index.htm - Data obrashcheniya 01.10.2021.
[Stat'ya bez podpisi.] Narodnyi komissariat vnutrennikh del. // Bol'shaya Rossiiskaya entsiklopediya. – [Elektronnyi resurs.] – URL: https://bigenc.ru/military_science/text/2249863 – Data obrashcheniya 01.10.2021.
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