—тать€ '¬осточна€ политика ћенгу-“имура (1266-1282)' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследовани€' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Eastern policy of Mengu-Timur (1266-1282)

Antonov Igor' Vladimirovich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, R. G. Kuzeev Institute of Ethnological Studies of Ufa Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

450077, Russia, respublika Bashkortostan, g. Ufa, ul. Karla Marksa, 6

igan73@yandex.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2020.11.34476

Review date:

30-11-2020


Publish date:

07-12-2020


Abstract: The object of this research is the political history of the Ulus of Jochi as a part of the Great Mongol Empire. The subject of this is the Eastern policy of Mengu-Timur – the 6th ruler of the Ulus of Jochi (1266-1282). The author examines such aspects of the topic as the relationship of Mengu-Timur with the rulers of the uluses of Hulagu – Abaga, Chagatay – Borak, Ugedei – Kaidu, decisions made by the representatives of the uluses of Jochi, Chagatay and Ugedei in Talas Kurultai. Special attention is given to the analysis of relationship between Mengu-Timur and the ruler of the Central Ulus of Kublai, who founded the Yuan Empire. Comparative analysis is conducted on the written sources and scientific works on the topic. The sequence of events is reconstructed in chronological order. The author agrees with his predecessors that Mengu-Timur became the first sovereign ruler of the Ulus of Jochi. The scientific novelty consists in the conclusion that entitlement of Mengu-Timur as independent monarch was not a decision of Talas Kurultai. In Talas Kurultai in 1269 Kaidu was recognized as the leader of the right wing of the Mongol Empire, which included the Ulus of Jochi, Chagatay and Ugedei. The relations with the Great Khan in Kurultai were not settled, and the independence of uluses was not proclaimed. In the early 1370s, Mengu-Timur was named qayan, i.e. the supreme ruler above the khan. In 1277, Kublai's sons Numugan and Kukju were caught by the rebels, who sent them to Mengu-Timur. He did not support the rebels, but kept the son of Kublai. Since that moment, Mengu-Timur did was not subordinate to Kublai or Haidu, did not interfere into the conflict between them, restraining both of them from military clashes. Although Mengu-Timur maintained peaceful relations with other uluses, he was qayan title was not recognized.


Keywords: Ulus of Juchy, Mongolian Empire, Abaga, Borak, Hajdu, Khubilay, Mengu-Timur, Ulus of Chagatay, Ulus of Ugedey, Central Ulus
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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