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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Charity organizations and financial aid rendered to the writers and scholars of white émigré in Europe in 1920s 1930s

Evdoshenko Natalia Valerievna

Postgraduate student, the department of History and Organization of Archival Affairs, Russian State University for the Humanities

125993, Russia, g. Moscow, Miusskaya ploshchad', 6

n.matinale@gmail.com

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2020.5.32840

Review date:

06-05-2020


Publish date:

31-05-2020


Abstract: The subject of this research is the financial aid rendered by charity organizations of the Russian literature and scientific emigration to the writers and scholars in European countries over the period of 1920’s – 1930’s. The goal consists in determination of significance of the provided by beneficiaries financial assistance in the context of economic situation of the receiving country during the indicated historical period. The work examines the activity of organizations that rendered financial aid to the writers, journalists and scholars in such countries as France, Switzerland, Germany, Turkey (Constantinople) and Czechoslovakia. Methodology is based on the historical approach and principles of scientificity and objectivity. Quantitative, comparative and statistical methods are applied for the analysis of financial indexes. For achieving the set foal, the author analyzed a wide variety of sources from the Russian and foreign archives, some of which were published for the first time. As a result of the conducted research, the author acquired new data on the size of actual financial assistance rendered to the writers and scholars of white émigré. Assessment is conducted on the significance of such aid for successful social adaptation and overcoming of financial difficulties by the representatives of scientific and literature emigration. The article is addressed to all researchers of the organizations of white émigré.  


Keywords: writers, financial support, aid committee, charity organizations, social adaptation, russians abroad, russian emigration, scientists, relief fund, european countries
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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