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Genesis: Historical research
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Looking back at the past: image of the Soviet Union in the politics of memory the parties (by the example of materials of elections to the State Duma of the Russian Federation of the VI and VII convocations)

Timshina Ekaterina Leonidovna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Linguistics for State Administration Personnel, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation

119571, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Prospekt Vernadskogo, 82 str.1

k.timshina@yandex.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2021.3.32753

Review date:

27-04-2020


Publish date:

23-03-2021


Abstract: Almost three decades have passed since the dissolution of the Soviet Union; however, there is still no unity towards its history – various political actors interpret it differently. Analysis is conducted on the politics of memory of the parties that participated in the last two election campaigns in reference to the Soviet period. The goal of article is to determine the parties with own politics of memory; assess the attitude of the political parties on the Soviet history as a whole and isolated key events; as well as describe experience of using the politics of memory in electoral cycle. The opposition parties – the CPRF, LDPR, Yabloko, PARNAS, and the Communists of Russia – most actively referred to the politics of memory. The center of political attention became the history of the Soviet period, to which different approaches were applied. The liberal parties criticized the USSR and advocated decommunization, while the left-wing parties notices only positive aspects in the Soviet history. The LDPR offered to separate the attitude towards the Soviet regime, and the attitude towards the state. Although the political parties have not fully fulfilled their potential as the actors of the politics of memory, the development of the own strategies of interpretation of history is traced clearly. The politics of memory may evolve into a separate vector of major party politics.


Keywords: history of USSR, Kommunisty Rossii, LDPR, KPRF, PARNAS, Yabloko, historical memory, historical policy, election, decommunization
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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