Статья 'Греческие наемники в Саисском Египте' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Greek mercenaries in Sais Egypt

Shubin Vladimir Il'ich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of World History, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M. V. Lomonosov

163060, Russia, Arkhangel'skaya oblast', g. Arkhangel'sk, ul. Uritskogo, 56




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Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of the history of emergence of Greek mercenaries during the riling time of XXVI Sais Dynasty. The author reviews the status and role of Greek mercenaries in the armed forced of Sais rulers, organization of their service and living conditions. Considering the fact that the use of Greek mercenaries in Egypt army was a part of the traditional policy of Sais rulers and carried mass character, the author refers to the problem  of social origin of the phenomenon of mercenarism in the Greek society of Archaic era. The research applies comparative-historical method that allows viewing the phenomenon of mercenarism in the historical context – based on the comparative data analysis of ancient written tradition. By the time of Sais Dynasty, control over regions that traditionally provided mercenaries to the Egypt army was lost. Under the circumstances, in order to compensate such losses, Egypt conscripted into military service the hailed from the Greek world. Mercenaries became the first Greeks settled on the Egyptian land. The conclusion is made that the Greek colonization, in absence of other ways to enter the formerly closed to the Greeks Egypt, at its initial stage manifested in such distinct form.

Keywords: sourses, colonization, Strabo, Herodotos, Ctratopedes, Psammetichos, mercennaries, Egypt, Sais, Amasis
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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