Статья 'Среднеазиатские вассально-зависимые ханства в наместническом управлении имперской России ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Central Asian vassal-dependent khanates in the vicegerent government of the Imperial Russia

Krasnyakov Nikolay Ivanovich

PhD in Law

Deputy Director, the Institute of Philosophy and Law, Novosibirsk National Research University

630009, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Pirogova, 2

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Abstract: This article analyzes the geopolitical situation of the middle of the XIX century, when the Central Asian question began to hold an independent place in the Eastern direction of Russian geopolitics. It is emphasized that continued importance of this vector is expanding the boundaries of the Empire was determined not as much by the interests of industrial and trade development, but the need for sustainable impact upon the states of the Asian Region. The role of the army is underlined as a military and political guarantor and administrative personnel base of advancing the prestige of the Russian state in relation to polyethnic feudal principalities and khanates of the region. The author argues the position that in the management of Turkestan used the available experience in operation of the administrative systems aimed at organization of compound society in the Caucasus. Attention is focused on the broader competence of the governor-general of the region already at the initial period of integration than among the acting in accordance with the general rule regional governors, as well as in making the more independent decisions directly on the spot and lesser reliance on the center. The author highlights the trends of integration and unification in the administrative-regulatory system with the adoption of the Provisional Statute on Administration in Turkestan Region in 1886, which established the fundamental principles of justice, land tenure and land use systems, taxation, political and administrative structure. The main conclusion consists in the fact at the beginning of the XX century the administration retains its form; the modernization of administrative system in the region on the background of the need for reform of the overall provincial structure of the Russian Empire did not receive the essential resources.

Keywords: public institutions, bureaucracy, region, state structure, Russia, governorship, Empire, administrative policy, reforms, polyethnic society
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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