Статья 'Деятельность санитарной инспекции труда на промышленных предприятиях РСФСР в годы нэпа (по материалам Курской губернии) ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

The activity of sanitary inspection of labor at the industrial enterprises in RSFSR over the period of the New Economic Policy (using the materials of Kursk Province)

Kisteneva Ol'ga Alekseevna

PhD in History

Docent, Historical-Philological Faculty, the department of General History, Belgorod State National Research University

308015, Russia, Belgorodskaya oblast', g. Belgorod, ul. Pobedy, 85, kab. 226

kisteneva@bsu.edu.ru
Kistenev Vitalii Valentinovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Theoretical and Humanities, Belgorod State Institute of Art and Culture

308033, Russia, Belgorodskaya oblast', g. Belgorod, ul. Koroleva, 7, kab. 7.27

kisvita@mail.ru
Ukhvatova Elena Alekseevna

Senior Educator, the department of Strategic Management, Belgorod State Technological University

308031, Russia, g. Belgorod, ul. Korochanskaya, 48

elenaalexu@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.1.23428

Review date:

26-06-2017


Publish date:

29-01-2018


Abstract: The subject of this research is the activity of sanitary inspection of labor aimed at improving health of the employees of industrial enterprises of Kursk Province, as well as organizing their recreation over the period of the New Economic Policy. The study is conducted through researching the regional archival materials. It is noted that the sanitary inspections were responsible for improving the working conditions, as well as carried out mass health examinations. The most common diseases among the employees have been identified. It is underlined that the responsibilities of sanitary inspection of the Kursk provincial labor department also included the scientific work on studying the occupational illness and mortality rate, and the counteracting measures. The application of the comparative-historical and problem-chronological methods of the general historical research allowed the authors to identify the specificities of practical work of the trade unions in social-labor sphere. The scientific novelty consists in demonstration of the joint activity of sanitary inspection with trade unions, which has brought positive results. The companies have conducted mass medical examinations; identified the most common diseases among workers in hazardous industries, the causes and preventative measures; organized the state support in form of the sanatorium-resort treatment of workers; conducted educational work through publishing newspaper and journal articles; prosecuted  the company administration for violating Labor code in the field of labor protection, especially the private factories, rather that the state. The aforementioned facts positively affected the acceleration of production processes and increase of labor efficiency.


Keywords: industrial enterprises, working environment, collective agreements, occupational safety, trade unions, sanitary inspection of labor, labor efficiency, employees, Kursk Province, New Economic Policy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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