Статья 'Пищевые суррогаты в продовольственном рационе граждан Советской России в годы Гражданской войны (1918-1921)' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > The editors and editorial board > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Food substitutes in the daily diet of citizens of the Soviet Russia during the Civil War (1918-1921)

Tverdyukova Elena Dmitrievna

Doctor of History

Professor, the department of Contemporary History of Russia, St. Petersburg State University

199034, Russia, St. Petersburg, Liniya Mendeleevskaya 5

e.tverdyukova@spbu.ru
Prokhorova Elizaveta Viktorovna

Post-graduate student, the department of Contemporary History of Russia, St. Petersburg State University

199034, Russia, St. Petersburg, Liniya Mendeleevskaya 5

karnellia@rambler.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2016.6.21249

Review date:

29-11-2016


Publish date:

15-01-2017


Abstract: The authors investigate the role of nutrition in the organization of the social life of people in 1918-1921th yrs. The chronological framework of the study covers one of the crisis periods in the Russian history - the Civil War. The paper presents in details the everyday practices of food consumption and the state attempts to make up for the disastrous shortfall of the food market by authorized use of substitute goods, the study of which was put on a scientific basis in this period.An interdisciplinary approach to the research (that is located at the cross–disciplinary of history, social nutrition and physiology) is because of using of the systematic analysis of food practices of the nation as a social problem. The comparative analysis is used for the retrospective characteristics of the consumed food substitute across the country. The Scientific novelty of the research is determined by the fact that based on the analysis of a large source base (archival documents, statistical publications, materials of periodical press and diaries described the events of contemporaries records) it is concluded that in the first post-revolutionary years the changing of eating habits affected both urban and rural inhabitants. Faced with starvation death people consumed everything: substitutes foods that were on the rise but the quality of surrogates became worse; all the second-rate, rotten, foul hit on the consumer’s table. «Starveling» diet resulted in serious consequences: massive gastrointestinal diseases, anemia and mental disturbance of the citizens.


Keywords: starvation, Civil war, nutrition survey, Scientific and technical committee, saccharin, product quality, calories, Testing station, daily diet, food substitutes
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Vasilevskaya L. A., Vasilevskii L. M. Pishchevye surrogaty. Pg.: Nauch. khimichesko – tekhnicheskoe izd-vo, 1923. 92 s.
2.
Voskresenskii P.I. Doklad o pitanii naseleniya Moskvy // Izvestiya narodnogo komissariata po prodovol'stviyu. 1919. № 7–10. S. 23.
3.
Gippius Z. N. Dnevniki 2. Chernye tetradi. 1917-1919. M.: NPK «Intelvak», 1999. 154 s.
4.
Gippius Z. N. Peterburgskie dnevniki, 1914 – 1919. N'yu-Iork, 1990. 312 s.
5.
Godzikevich V. Sanitarnoe opisanie pervogo khlebozavoda v Petrograde. Khleb i khlebopechenie v gigienicheskom otnoshenii. Pg.: Gos. izd–vo, 1922. 132 s.
6.
Golod i surrogaty // Prodovol'stvie i snabzhenie. 1918. № 9–10. S. 13.
7.
Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii.
8.
Dubyanskaya M. P., Sviderskii L. F., Sulima-Samoilo A. F. Surrogaty chaya // Izvestiya Komissariata zdravookhraneniya Petrogradskoi trudovoi kommuny. 1919. № 5–6. S. 38.
9.
Izvestiya Komissariata zdravookhraneniya Soyuza kommun Severnoi oblasti. 1919. № 3–4. S.14-15.
10.
Izvestiya narodnogo komissariata po prodovol'stviyu. 1921. № 16–17. S. 39-40.
11.
Ischeznovenie koshek // Politicheskii balagan. 1918. № 1. S. 4.
12.
Kak prigotovit' muku iz solomy // Prodovol'stvie i snabzhenie .1919. № 8–10. S. 35.
13.
Kofe iz svekly // Prodovol'stvie i snabzhenie. 1919. № 8–10. S. 36.
14.
Lifshits M. I. Pishchevye surrogaty s meditsinskoi tochki zreniya /O golode. Sb. st. / pod red. V. M. Kogana. Khar'kov: Otd. med. i san. prosv. NKZ, 1922. 62 s.
15.
Lositskii A. E. Sostoyanie krest'yanskogo pitaniya i khozyaistva v raione goloda 1921 g. // Posle goloda. 1923. № 2. S. 30.
16.
Nikitinskii Ya. Ya. Surrogaty i neobychnye v Rossii istochniki pishchevykh sredstv rastitel'nogo i zhivotnogo proiskhozhdeniya. M.: 1-ya tip. MSNKh, 1921. 136 s.
17.
Normal'nyi sostav i pishchevoe znachenie prodovol'stvennykh produktov // Trudy TsSU. T. 22. Vyp. 1. M.,1925. 162 s.
18.
Okunev N. P. Dnevnik moskvicha: v 2 t. T. 2. M.: Voennoe izd–vo, 1997. 285 s.
19.
Pitanie sel'skogo naseleniya SSSR, 1920–1924 // Trudy TsSU. T. 30. Vyp. 2. M.,1928. 174 s.
20.
Pitatel'nyi mokh // Prodovol'stvie i snabzhenie. 1918. № 11. S. 25.
21.
Pishcha iz ovsa // Prodovol'stvie i snabzhenie. 1919. № 1–2. S. 28-29.
22.
Surrogaty chaya // Prodovol'stvie i snabzhenie. 1918 . № 7. S. 54.
23.
Slovtsov B. I. Biokhimiya odnostoronnego pitaniya i golodaniya. Pg.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo, 1922. 29 s.
24.
Slovtsov B. I. O pishchevykh surrogatakh poslednego vremeni // Izvestiya Komissariata zdravookhraneniya Petrogradskoi trudovoi kommuny. 1919. № 5–6. S. 26.
25.
Slovtsov B. I. O surrogatakh myasa. Pg.: Gos. izd., 1922. 12 s.
26.
Sostoyanie pitaniya gorodskogo naseleniya SSSR, 1919-1924 g. // Trudy TsSU. T. 30. Vyp. 1. M.,1926. 274 s.
27.
Sulima-Samoilo A. F. Voprosy prodovol'stviya i zadachi zdravookhraneniya // Izvestiya Komissariata zdravookhraneniya Petrogradskoi trudovoi kommuny. 1919. № 5–6. S. 14.
28.
Tsentral'nyi gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Sankt–Peterburga.
29.
Chilim vmesto khleba // Prodovol'stvie i snabzhenie. 1919. № 6–7. S. 62-63.
30.
Chukovskii K. I. Dni moei zhizni. M.: Boslen, 2009. 651 s.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website